Deployment and User Profiles

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30 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 14 μέρες)

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DEPLOYMENT AND USER
PROFILES

Rhonda J.
Layfield

SESSION CODE:
CLI304

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Rhonda Layfield


IT industry 30 years


Setup and Deployment MVP


Desktop Deployment Product Specialist (DDPS)


Consulting


Training


Hands on deployment class

Overview


Types of profiles


Local


Roaming


Mandatory


Super mandatory


Folder redirection


Customize the default user profile


Migrate profiles from XP to Windows 7

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Local Profile


Created when a user logs onto a machine


User can make changes to the profile


Any changes are saved when the user logs off


Profiles are not just about user’s data


Profiles also contain:


Windows settings


IE Favorites


Drive mappings


Outlook settings


Application settings


(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Roaming Profiles


Stored on a central server


Copied to local machine when user logs on


User can make changes to the profile


Changes are saved on central server when user logs
off


If a roaming profile is not accessible when the user
logs on a temporary profile is created


Temporary profiles are deleted when a user logs off


(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Mandatory Profiles


Can be local or roaming


User can make changes while logged on


Changes are not saved when user logs off


If a mandatory roaming profile is not accessible when
a user logs on a temporary profile is created from the
default network or local profile

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Super Mandatory Profile


Also a mandatory profile


There is an additional layer of security


If a super mandatory profile is not accessible
during logon the user will not be permitted to
log onto the workstation

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

FOLDER REDIRECTION

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Folder Redirection


XP you had to log on twice before folder
redirection could begin working


Windows 7 it starts working on the first logon


Requires offline files

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

OFFLINE FILES

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Windows 7 And Offline Files


Enabled by default


Fast first logon


Usually offline support with background sync


Exclusion list


Transparent caching

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Fast First Logon


When you enabled folder redirection on XP the
first time a user logged on could take a long
time


All data was copied to the local cache


While the data was being copied locally the user was
blocked from logon


Windows 7 snapshots the data locally and can
process logons without having to wait

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Usually Offline Support With Background
Sync


Allows files to be synced with the server in the
background so it wont affect the logged on user


Can be configured using GPOs


Kicks in when a connection is considered slow


What is a slow connection?


By default data transfer rate of 64,000 bps or more


Can configure the threshold for a slow connection through
GPOs

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Exclusion List


Windows 7 allows you to create a list of file types
to be excluded from the synchronization process


For example you may not want a user’s .MP3
files synchronized to the server


Less network traffic


Less overhead on server (disk space)


Quicker backup and restore of data

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Transparent Caching


The first time a file is opened from a shared folder
the file is cached locally


Opening the file again:


The file is opened from the local cache


The server is always contacted first to ensure you are
opening the latest version of the document


If the server is not available


the cached copy is not
opened


Updates are always written directly to the server


Transparent caching is disabled by default


Enable it via GPOs


(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

All The GPO Settings


Policies


Computer Configuration


Administrative Templates


Network

»
Offline Files


There are 28 policy settings you can configure

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Configure Offline Folder Settings Locally


On Vista and later clients the Offline folder
settings can be set locally if you do not want to
set them in a GPO


To set them locally open the Sync Center


Start


Sync Center

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Sync
Center Settings

CUSTOMIZE THE DEFAULT
USER PROFILE

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Customize Default
User Profile


Log on as the built
-
in local Administrator


Ensure there are no other user accounts on the
machine


Make your profile changes


Sysprep

with an
Unattend

answer file that
contains the
CopyProfile

setting


(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Sysprep


Found in Windows
\

System32
\

Sysprep


Command line:


Sysprep

/
oobe

/shutdown /generalize
/
unattend:C
:
\
Unattend.xml


When
sysprep

runs


the local administrator profile is copied to the default
user profile


But


not everything gets copied

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

MIGRATE PROFILES FROM XP
TO WINDOWS 7

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

The USMT Process

XP SP2

1

Upgrade
Applications

Run
ScanState

Store locally
or across the
network

2

Deployment Server

The USMT Process

Deployment Server

Install
Windows 7

3

Run
LoadState

5

Windows 7

XP SP2/SP3

1

Upgrade
Applications

Run
ScanState

Store locally
or across the
network

2

Install
Applications

4

How USMT Works


It’s all command line


Scanstate


Runs to gather users data, settings and application settings


Loadstate


Applies users data, settings and application settings



OSs Supported

OS

Supported

ScanState

LoadState

Windows

XP Professional

X

Windows

XP Professional
x64

Edition

X

32
-
bit versions of Windows

Vista

X

X

64
-
bit versions of Windows

Vista

X

X

32
-
bit versions of
Windows

7

X

X

64
-
bit versions of Windows

7

X

X

What Is and Is Not Supported


Can

-

Migrate a 32
-
bit OS to a 64
-
bit OS


Cannot

-

migrate a 64
-
bit OS to a 32
-
bit OS


Can

-

Migration from XP SP2 / SP3


Not supported on:


any of the Windows Server Oss


Starter editions for Windows

XP, Windows

Vista, or
Windows

7

Requirements


USMT must be run in Administrator mode


Right
-
click a command prompt and choose “Run as
Administrator”



OR


If you don’t log on with an administrator account
then the only user profile that will be migrated is
the one you logged on as

The Built
-
in Scripts


MigUser.xml


MigApp.xml


MigDocs.xml

MigUser.XML


My Documents


My Video


My Music


My Pictures



Desktop files


Start menu


Quick Launch settings


Favorites




Rules to migrate user profiles and data


Describes a “core” migration


Folders that will be migrated



All Users and Public Profile Folders


All Users

profile


Windows

XP


Public

profile in Vista or Windows

7


Shared Documents


Shared Video


Shared Music


Shared desktop files


Shared Pictures


Shared Start menu


Shared Favorites


Types of Files to Migrate

All Fixed Drives are Searched


.
accdb


.ch3


.
csv


.dif


.doc*


.dot*


.
dqy


.
iqy


.
mcw


.
mdb
*


.
mpp


.one*


.
oqy


.or6


.pot*


.
ppa



.
pps
*


.
ppt
*


.pre


.
pst


.pub


.
qdf



.
qel


.
qph


.
qsd


.
rqy


.rtf


.
scd


.sh3


.
slk


.txt


.
vl
*


.
vsd


.
wk*


.wpd


.
wps


.wq1


.
wri


.xl*


.
xla


.
xlb


.
xls
*

Settings That are Migrated


Accessibility settings


Address book


Command
-
prompt settings


*Desktop wallpaper


EFS files


IE Favorites


Folder options


Fonts


Users, Groups and Group memberships


*Windows Internet Explorer® settings


* Settings not available for offline migration

More Settings That are Migrated


Microsoft Open Database Connectivity (ODBC)
settings


Mouse and keyboard settings


Network drive mapping


*Network printer mapping


*Offline files


*Phone and modem options


RAS connection and phone book (.
pbk
) files


*Regional settings


Remote Access

* Settings not available for offline migration


The Last of The Migrated Settings


*Taskbar settings


Windows Mail


Microsoft Outlook Express Mail (.
dbx
) files are
migrated from Windows

XP


*Windows Media Player


Windows Rights Management

* Settings not available for offline migration


MigUser.XML


MigUser.XML


The following does not migrate with MigUser.xml


Files outside the user profile that don’t match any file
extensions listed in MigUser.xml

Application Settings Migrated

Adobe Acrobat Reader

9

AOL Instant Messenger

6.8

Apple iTunes

7, 8

Apple QuickTime Player

7

Apple Safari

3.1.2

Google Chrome

beta

Google Picasa

3

Google Talk

beta

IBM Lotus 1
-
2
-
3

9.8

IBM Lotus Notes

8

IBM Lotus Organizer

9.8

IBM Lotus WordPro

9.8

Intuit Quicken

2009

Money Plus Business

2008

Money Plus Home

2008

Mozilla Firefox

3

Microsoft Office Access

2003, 2007

Microsoft Office Excel

2003, 2007

Microsoft Office FrontPage

2003, 2007

Microsoft Office OneNote

2003, 2007

Microsoft Office Outlook

2003, 2007

Microsoft Office
PowerPoint

2003, 2007

Microsoft Office Publisher

2003, 2007

Microsoft Office Word

2003, 2007

Opera Software Opera

9.5

Microsoft Outlook Express

(mailbox
file)

Last of the Apps

Microsoft Project

2003, 2007

Microsoft Office Visio

2003, 2007

RealPlayer Basic

11

Sage Peachtree

2009

Skype

3.8

Windows Live Mail

12, 14

Windows Live Messenger

8.5, 14

Windows Live
MovieMaker

14

Windows Live Photo Gallery

12, 14

Windows Live Writer

12, 14

Windows Mail

Vista only

Microsoft Works

9

Yahoo Messenger

9

Zune

3

Microsoft Office is Special


Cannot migrate from/to a different version of an
application


Except for Microsoft Office


USMT can migrate from an earlier version to a later


Microsoft Project settings are not migrated from
Office

2003 to Office

2007

OS Settings NOT Migrated


Data from mapped
network drives


Local printers


Hardware
-
related
settings


Drivers


Passwords


Application binary files


Synchronization files


DLL files


Executable files


Permissions for shared
folders


Languages must match


Customized icons for
shortcuts


Taskbar settings (Migrating
from

XP)


Migrating from XP


Internet Connection Firewall

check box and
settings are migrated


Internet Connection Sharing

setting is
not

migrated


Could make the network less secure if migrated to
the destination computer


The firewall advanced
-
configuration settings
are not migrated because of increased security
risks


The
Network Connections

user interface does
not refresh properly until you log off or press
F5

Data and USB Drives


Data residing on USB hard disks will be migrated


Data residing on USB flash drives (UFD) will
not

be included when you specify the
/
localonly

option


For example:


ScanState

/
localonly

ScanState


Running
ScanState


Command prompt


Scanstate

C:
\
Path To Store Data


Scanstate

C:
\
USMT


Scanstate

C:
\
USMT /Auto


Scanstate

C:
\
USMT /Auto /
hardlink

/
nocompress


3 Migration Stores


Uncompressed (UNC)


Mirror image of the folder hierarchy being migrated


Settings are stored in a catalog file that also describes how
to restore files on the destination computer


Compressed


a single image file that contains all files being migrated
and a catalog file


You can encrypt and protect this file with a password


Hard
-
Link


a map that defines how a collection of bits on the hard
disk are to be migrated. These files remain fully in tact


LoadState


Running
LoadState


Loadstate

C:
\
Path To Store Data


Loadstate

C:
\
USMT


Loadstate

C:
\
USMT /Auto


Loadstate

C:
\
USMT /Auto /
hardlink

/
nocompress

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Wrap Up


Types of profiles


Local


Roaming


Mandatory


Super mandatory


Folder redirection


Customize the default user profile


Migrate profiles from XP to Windows 7

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Thank You For Attending My Session


Please let me help you get started


Ask questions


Rhonda@DeploymentDr.Com


www.DeploymentDr.Com


Follow me on Twitter


DeploymentDr@Twitter.com


Sign up for my free newsletter


the next one will
be on User profiles with step by step instructions

(c) 2011 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

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2010 Microsoft
Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademar
ks
and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other
countries.

The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the
dat
e of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing
market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee t
he
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