Biblical Wisdom for Digital Living:

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30 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Biblical Wisdom for Digital Living:

Wired for Technology, Instructions Not Included





The pool at Bethesda, John 5:2
-
8

Jonathan D. Quick

CCIH Annual Conference, May 23
-
25, 2009

2

LAST YEAR
-

Leading Health Organizations in 2008:
Lessons from God's First Century Leadership Team

~28
-
30
AD/CE


Start
-
up Phase


The Ministry of Jesus


Christ, Twelve Apostles, Mary Magdalene and team


Teaching


Miracles


Parables


Actions


Creating the vision


formulating the messages

~30
-
36
AD/CE

National Scale
-
up


The Ministry of Peter


Peter, Philip, Matthias, others of the Twelve


The Seven, Barnabas, others


Expansion in Judea, Galilee, Samaria


First inroads with Gentiles, incl. Greeks

~36
-
66
AD/CE

Regional Scale
-
up


The Ministry of Paul


Paul, Barnabas, Silas, Timothy, John Mark, others


Active outreach to Gentiles


Missionary trips throughout the region

3

Leading Health Organizations in 2008: Lessons
from God's First Century Leadership Team

Teams that lead:

1.
Are
aligned

around a
compelling vision

and

shared values
.

The Great Commission, Matthew 28:19;



The Great Commandments, Matthew 22: 37
-
39


2.
Are
strengthened

through
diversity

in skills and
backgrounds.






One body, many parts, 1 Corinthians 12: 12
-
31


3.
Grow

by embracing
challenges
.



Trials and Temptations, James 2: 1
-
5

THIS YEAR
-

Technology for Health in 2009

In case you fall asleep during this year’s “sermon”

1.
Wired for Technology


God has blessed humankind with
boundless creative capacity to develop technologies for health,
which allow us to follow in Jesus’ healing footsteps.

2.
Instructions Not Included


Humankind is at the same time
cursed with a propensity to develop or use new technologies in ways
that separate us, create inequalities, and undermine our humanity.

3.
Biblical Wisdom


Scripture is silent on “nanotechnology”,
“cloning”, other new technologies. But there
is
a great deal of
Biblical wisdom to guide our responsible development and
application of new technologies .

For we are God's workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do
good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.

Ephesians 2:10


4

5

Biblical Wisdom for Digital Living


Wired for Technology


Instructions Not Included


Biblical Wisdom

Technologies for health


what are we talking about

A.
Digital Technologies

1.
Communications


cell phone, Skype, Go
-
to
-
Meeting

2.
Social networking


Facebook, MySpace

3.
Information technologies


e
-
records, on
-
line databases

4.
Decision technologies


D
-
tree, others

B.
Medical and Bio Technologies

1.
Medicines & vaccines

2.
Surgical innovations

3.
Cybernetics & nanotechnology

4.
Xenotransplantation, transgenics

6

The history of technologies for health


what our
wiring for technology
has

produced

First Millennia


7000 BC, dental surgery


2600 BC, surgical suture


500 BC, cosmetic surgery and
plastic surgery


1000, cataract extraction


1796, vaccination


1846, general anesthetic


1865, antiseptic


1895, X
-
ray


Century of Modern Medicine/s


1900, aspirin


1928, penicillin


1940’s, large scale use of
antibiotics and vaccines


1957, artificial pacemaker


1967, heart transplant


1973, CAT scan


1982, artificial heart


1996, highly active
antiretroviral therapy


7

Democratizing information


from parchment to
printing press to internet


Pre
-
printing press


1000’s of monks in 100’s of monasteries


Skilled monk = 1200
-
1300 pp /year


Books only for the wealthy



Gutenberg press, 1450


Team of 20 = 5 million pages/years


Martin Luther’s German Bible,1522


Price low enough for even a poor farmer


“Printing made the

Protestant Reformation possible”


8

New technologies are democratizing health care as
the printing press democratized information


. “. . . traditional paternalistic relationships between
patients and doctors are being undermined in much the
same way as the religious Reformation of the 16th
century empowered the laity and threatened the 1,000
-
year old hierarchy of the Catholic church in Europe.
The Reformation had irreversible consequences for
Western society; the implications of the healthcare
reformation could also be profound.”

Joanne Shaw, British Medicine Journal, 2009



9

Detecting and mapping disease outbreaks


web
-
crawling, mapping monitoring

(NEJM, May 21, 2009)

10

Swine flu cases as of May 22, 2009

Improving front
-
line decision
-
making

Use of PDA’s for follow
-
up assessment and
counseling for AIDS treatment




11

(
www.d
-
tree.org
)

The future of technologies for health



what our wiring for technology
may

produce

The “Biotech Century”?


Animal
-
grow replacement organs for
50% of humans awaiting transplant


“Transgenic vegetables” for vaccines
in poor countries


Biological, protein
-
based computer
1000’s times faster


Control of aging and obesity


Human
-
level computing

power



12

13

Biblical Wisdom for Digital Living


Wired for Technology


Instructions Not Included


Biblical Wisdom



Loss of personal control


Internet Addiction Disorder


Loss of childhood


Neil Postman


Sexting


Blogging run amok


“Tourette’s blogging”


14

Instructions not included


Undermining our social fabric and social well
-
being



Digital medical records



汯l猠潦灲楶捹



Artificial insemination



“human husbandry”



Organ transplants



潲条 瑲慦晩t歩kg




Biomedical research



浡湭摥d
数e摥d楣i?


15

Instructions not included


Techno
-
abuse / techno
-
crime


Biogenetics


“Human husbandry”




Human enhancement technologies



Cybernetics



Cloning of humans
www.clonaid.com



16

Instructions not included



Encroaching on our humanity

17

18

Biblical Wisdom for Digital Living


Wired for Technology


Instructions Not Included


Biblical Wisdom

Instructions not included
-

How then should we
react to new technologies for health?

Three views


Optimism


Extropianism, Transhumanism, Techno
-
utopianism



Pessimism


Luddite, Neo
-
luddism, Anarcho
-
Primitivism, Bioconservatism



Realism


Appropriate technology, Echnocriticism, Technorealism

19

Biblical Wisdom





How we manage technology
depends on what we believe about origins of technology

What is the origin of technology?


1.
Natural mechanism


2.
Human capacity


3.
Divine gift




Adapted from:
Children of Prometheus,
Technology and the Good Life, The
Trinity Forum, 2006


20

Biblical Wisdom





The desire to create new
technologies is God
-
give and inherently good


The desire to create is part being in God’s image


Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness…” So
God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created
him;

-

Exodus 1: 26
-
27


The desire to heal follows Christ’s example


27 of Jesus’ 37 miracles were healing (23) or raising from the dead (3)


In Matthew and Mark, a healing was the first reported miracle


Creation of new technology can glorify God


So whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of
God.

I Corinthians 10:31


Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the
Father of the heavenly lights…

James 1:17

21

Adapted from: Martin LaBar: “Technology: some biblical basics”
h
ttp://sunandshield.blogspot.com/2005/03/technology
-
some
-
biblical
-
basics.html

(accessed May 9, 2009)

Biblical Wisdom


-

w
ith our focus on God the right
attitude toward technology will follow


Worship God


Worship God, not technology


don’t let technology be a wedge


Worshipping idols


Isaiah 44:9
-
2


Credit God


Credit God, not our own prideful sense of accomplishment


The king’s pride in Babylon


Daniel 4:30
-
32



God sets our limits


Presuming there are no limits to human ability is wrong


Builders of the tower of Babel


Genesis 11:5
-
9


God’s rules still apply


even in cyberspace & nanospace


The Golden Rule


Mark 12:31


The Ten Commandments


Exodus 20:1
-
17, Deuteronomy 5:6
-
21

22

Adapted from: Martin LaBar: “Technology: some biblical basics”
h
ttp://sunandshield.blogspot.com/2005/03/technology
-
some
-
biblical
-
basics.html

(accessed May 9, 2009)

Biblical Wisdom





“76 Reasonable Questions

to ask about any technology”
(Jacques Ellul)

1.
ECOLOGICAL
: effects on health of planet and people?

2.
SOCIAL
: connect people, strengthen bonds?

3.
PRACTICAL
: is the benefit really worth it?

4.
MORAL
: what is gained or lost by the individual, by society?

5.
ETHICAL
: will it compromise values, lead to control of others?

6.
VOCATIONAL
: will it create or reduce life
-
enhancing work?

7.
METAPHYSICAL
: does it reflect aspects of our higher selves?

8.
POLITICAL
: does it concentrate or equalize power?

9.
AESTHETIC
: Does it create ugliness or annoyance?

23

Adapted from: http://www.thewords.com/articles/ellul76quest.htm (accessed May 11, 2009);

http://hamptonroads.com/2009/04/nine
-
questions
-
ask
-
about
-
any
-
technology (accessed May 22, 2009

24

Biblical Wisdom for Digital Living


Wired for Technology


Instructions Not Included


Biblical Wisdom

Conclusions

New technologies for health are inevitable


As bottom
-
up digital medicine arrives in full force, it will at last
provide reformers with the tools they need to tackle the great
healthcare challenges of this century: dealing with the cost of
chronic care for the ageing populations of the rich world and
helping the weak health systems in poor countries tackle
deadly diseases.


The Economist, April 18, 2009


25


For we are
God's workmanship
,

created in Christ Jesus to do
good works
,
which
God prepared
in advance for us to do
.


Ephesians 2:10


26

Conclusions
-

Our stewardship of these
technologies is essential

27


Acknowledgements

We are most grateful to Jim Longhurst, Joe Krivakas, Andy, Mills, Dan Russ, and
Sharon Franzen their encouragement and rich suggestions for this presentation

Title Slide: The Pool of Bethesda by William Hogarth (1697
-
1764)
http://cgfa.sunsite.dk/hogarth/p
-
hogart15.htm

Closing Slide:



Thank you

“All the other domain names were taken”

28

History of Technology 501 Quiz


the answers


1.
How many years ago did our human ancestors first use tools?



2.5 million years in Great Rift Valley, Ethiopia

2.
Which of the following species uses “tools” :

a. homo sapiens

b. dolphins c. crows d. chimpanzees



All of the above

3.
When was the first dental drill used?

7000 BC, Indus Valley Civilization

4.

How many:


a. hand
-
copied pages per year could a hand
-
working 15
th

century
monk produce?

1200


b. printed pages per craftsman could a 16
th

printing press
produce?


250,000


29

History of Technology 501 Quiz


the answers


5.
How much clean
-
up time does an automatic dishwasher save?



1 minute per clean
-
up

6.

How much does the world spend each year on:


a. Fighting AIDS?

$10 billion
(2007)


b. Video games?

$35 billion
(2005

7.

How many year elapsed:


a. between discovery that lime juice prevents scurvy and its
introduction in the British navy?
~250 years


b. between the launch of Viagra and sale to 10 million patients?





3 years

30