Huntsville City Schools Instructional Guide Course __Biology I____________ Grade __9_ _2nd____ Nine Weeks

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23 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Huntsville City Schools

Instructional Guide

Course __
Biology I
____________

Grade __
9
_

_
2nd
____

Nine Weeks


Quality Core Standard




ACOS
Standard


“I Can” Statements

(unwrapped by
school teams)


Resources

(by school teams)


Pacing
Recommendation
/
Date(s) Taught

Delving into
Heredity by
Investigating
How Genetic
Structures and
Processes
Provide the
Mechanism For
Continuity and
Variety Among
Organisms



Genetics


6A: Comparing
sperm and egg
formation in
terms of ploidy
Example: ploidy
-
haploid,
diploid


6B

I can describe the basic
process of meiosis

Textbook: Miller and
Levine Biology
(Pearson)


LTF (NMSI) labs and
associated resources


Suggested LTF Labs:



Amazing Maize



Autosomal

Dominance


Chapter 11:

Introduction To
Genetics


The Work of
Gregor

Mendel


Applying Mendel’s
Principles


Other Patterns of
Inheritance


10 days


8C Relating
normal patter
n
s
of geneti c
i nheri tance to
geneti c vari ati on
Exampl e:
crossi ng
-
over

I can i denti fy and expl ai n
Mendel ’ s l aw of segregati on
and l aw of i ndependent
assortment


8C

I can explain how the process
of meiosis reveals the
mechanism behind Mendel’s
conclusions about segregation
and independent

assortment on a molecular
level

7: Apply
Mendel’s law to
determine
phenotypic and
genotypic
probablilities of
offspring.



7A Defining
important
genetic terms,
including
dihybrid cross,
monohybrid
cross,
phenotype,
genotype,
homozygous,
heterozygous,
dominant trait,
recessive trait,
incomplete
dominance,
codominance,
and allele






I can define and provide an
example of the following:
genotype, phenotype,
dominant allele, recessive
allele, codominant alleles,

incompletely dominant alleles,
homozygous, heterozygous,
and carrier

8E Relating
genetic disorders
and disease to
patterns of
genetic
inheritance
Examples:
hemophilia,
sickle cell
anemia, Down’s
syndrome, Tay
-
Sachs disease,
systic fibrosis,
color blindness,
phenylketonuria
(PKU)

I can explain sex
-
linked
patterns of inher
itance in
terms of some genes being
absent from the smaller Y
chromosome, and thus males

(XY) having a different chance
of exhibiting certain traits than
do females (XX)

7B Interpreting
inheritance
patterns shown
I can construct and interpret
Punnett squares and pedigree
charts (e.g., calculate and
in graphs and
charts


7C Calculating
genotypic and
phenotypic
percentages and
ratios using a
Punnett square

predict phenotypic and
genotypic ratios and

probabilities)



7B and 7C

I can
infer parental genotypes
and phenotypes from offspring
data presented in pedigree
charts and from the
phenotypic and genotypic

ratios of offspring



8 Identify the
structure and
function of DNA,
RNA, and
protein


8A Explaining
the relationships
among
DNA,
genes, and
chromosomes

I can describe the basic
structure and function of DNA,
mRNA, tRNA, amino acids,
polypeptides, and proteins
(e.g., replication,transcription,
and translation)

Textbook: Miller and
Levine Biology
(Pearson)


LTF (NMSI) labs and
associated resources


Suggested LTF Lab:



Digging For
DNA

Chapter 12


Identifying the
Substances of
Genes


The Stucture of
DNA


Replication of
DNA



5 days

I can describe the experiments
of major scientists in
determining both the structure
of DNA and
the central dogma


8A Explaining
relationships
among DNA,
genes, and
chromosomes

I can use mRNA codon charts
to determine amino acid
sequences of example
polypeptides

Textbook: Miller and
Levine Biology
(Pearson)


LTF (NMSI) labs and
associated
resources


Suggested LTF Labs:

Chapter 13: RNA
and Protein
Synthesis


10 days

8D Relating
ways chance,
mutagens, and
genetic
engineering
I can use mRNA codon charts
to determine the effects of
different types of mutations on
amino acid sequence and
protein structure

increase
diversity
Examples:
insertion,
deletion,
translocation,
inversion,
recombinant
DNA

(e.g., sickle cell anemia
resulting from base
substitution mutation)



Unzip It.



Proteins, the
Essence of
Life

Please note that
when translating
from mRNA to amino
acid sequence, do
not use the circular
chart provided in the
book. Use the the

rectangular chart as
style of chart will be
what is used on the
ACT EOC
assessment.






8A

I
can describe how gene
expression is regulated in
organisms such that specific
proteins are synthesized only
when they are needed

by the cell (e.g., allowing cell
specialization)




8E

I can describe the mode of
inheritance in commonly
inherited disorders (e.g., sickle
cell anemia, Down syndrome,
Turner’s syndrome,PKU)

Textbook: Miller and
Levine Biology
(Pearson)


LTF (NMSI) labs and
associated resources


Suggested LTF Lab:



Karyotype
Curiosities


Chapter 14.2
Human Genetic
Disorders


3 day




8D


8B: List
significant
contributions of
I can complete a major project
relating to recombinant DNA,
cloning, or stem
cell research



Textbook: Miller and
Levine Biology
(Pearson)


Chapter 15:
Genetic
Engineering


biotechnology to
society, including
agricultural and
medical
practices

LTF (NMSI) labs and
associated resources


Suggested LTF Lab:



Introduction to
Gel
Electrophoresi
s



8 days (with
project research
and presentations)

Investigating
Processes that
Allow
Populations to
Change in
Response to
Different
Environmental
Pressures

Evolution


I can e
xplain the influences of
other scientists (e.g., Malthus,
Wallace, Lamarck, Lyell) and
of Darwin’s trip on HMS
Beagle
in

formulating

Darwin’s ideas
about natural selection

Textbook: Miller and
Levine Biology
(Pearson)


LTF (NMSI) labs and
associated resources


Suggested LTF Lab



Suvival of the
Sweetest



Quackers and
Cottontails

Chapter 16:
Darwin’s Theory
of Evolution


5 Days

12 B
Describing
natural selection,
survival of the
fittest,
geographic
isolation and
fossil record

I can d
iscuss Darwin’s
principle of survival of the
fittest and explain what Darwin
meant by natural selection

12B

I can e
xplain the biological
definition of

evolution


I can d
iscuss evidence from
the fields of geology,
biochemistry, embryology,
comparative anatomy, and
comparative physiology that

points to shared evolutionary
relationships



12A Identifying
ways in which
the theory of
evolution
explains the
nature and
I can e
xplain how natural
selection and its evolutionary
consequences (e.g.,
adaptation or extinction)
provide a scientific explanation
for

diversity of
organisms

the fossil
record of ancient life
-
forms and the striking
molecular similarities observed
among the diverse species of
living

organisms