Hal - Dolphin Computer Access

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Hal

Screen Reader with Braille Support

Version 11.0


(c) 1998
-
2009 Dolphin Oceanic Ltd.


Publication Date: 24 April 2009






















Copyright ©1998
-
2009 Dolphin Oceanic Ltd.

Technology House

Blackpole Estate West

Worcester WR3 8TJ

United Kingdom

Tel: +44 (0) 1905 754577

Fax: +44 (0) 1905 754559

All Rights Reserved World
-
wide.




Contents

1.


Introduction

9

1.1 About this Manual

................................
................................
....

9

1.2 Key Features

................................
................................
..........

12

1.3 What's New?

................................
................................
...........

14

1.4 Hot keys

................................
................................
..................

16

2.


Installing Hal

19

2.1 Components

................................
................................
...........

19

2.1.1 Hal

................................
................................
.................

19

2.1.2 Synth
esiser Access Manager (SAM)

..............................

19

2.1.3 Voices

................................
................................
............

20

2.2 Upgrading from a previous version

................................
......

20

2.3 Single User Installation

................................
.........................

20

2.3.1 Installing Under Windows XP

................................
.........

20

2.3.2 Installing under Windows Vista

................................
......

21

2.4 Uninstalling A Single User Version

................................
......

23

2.4.1 Uninstallin
g Under Windows XP

................................
.....

23

2.4.2 Uninstalling under Windows Vista

................................
..

24

3.


Getting Started

27

3.1 Starting Hal

................................
................................
.............

27

3.2 Setup Process

................................
................................
........

29

3.2.1 Registration

................................
................................
....

29

3.2.2 Setup wizard

................................
................................
..

30

3.2.3 Customer feedback

................................
........................

31

3.3 Hal Control Panel

................................
................................
...

32

3.3.1 Cicero property sheet

................................
.....................

32

3
.3.2 Getting help in the control panel

................................
.....

32

3.3.3 Making Setting Changes

................................
................

33

3.3.4 The Problem With Foreground Windows

........................

33

3.4 Using Hal hot keys

................................
................................
.

33

3.4.1 Adjusting speech parameters

................................
.........

35

3.4.2 Adjusting verbosity

................................
.........................

36

3.5 Working with Visual settings

................................
................

37

3.5.1 Hig
hlighting Options

................................
.......................

37

3.6 Working with speech

................................
.............................

37

3.6.1 Speak as you type

................................
.........................

37

3.6.2 Speak Keys

................................
................................
....

38



3.6.3 Read From Here

................................
............................

38

3.6.4 Getting more information

................................
................

39

3.6.5 Advanced speech settings

................................
.............

40

3.7 Working with a Braille display

................................
...............

41

3.8 Dolphin Cursor

................................
................................
.......

43

3.9 Dolph
in Item Finder

................................
................................

45

3.10 Key Describe Mode

................................
..............................

46

3.11 Quitting Hal

................................
................................
...........

46

4.


Applications

49

4.1 General application tips

................................
.........................

49

4.2 Application notes

................................
................................
...

49

4.3 HTML Help

................................
................................
..............

50

4.4 Windows Help

................................
................................
.........

51

4.5 Web browsing

................................
................................
.........

52

4.5.1 Navigating web pages

................................
....................

52

4.5.2 Filling out forms

................................
..............................

53

4.5.3 Moving Dolphin Cursor with the mouse

..........................

54

4.5.4 Searching a web page

................................
...................

54

4.5.5 Quick Navigation Keys

................................
...................

55

4.5.6 Web page lists

................................
...............................

56

4.5.7 Microsoft Internet Explorer

................................
.............

57

4.5.8 Mozilla Firefox

................................
................................

58

4.6 Outlook Express

................................
................................
.....

60

4.7 Windows Mail

................................
................................
.........

63

4.8 Microsoft Office

................................
................................
......

66

4.8.1 Microsoft Excel

................................
...............................

68

4.8.2 Microsoft Word

................................
...............................

71

4.9 WinAmp

................................
................................
..................

75

4.10 Windows Taskbar & Start Menu

................................
..........

76

5.


Using Hal

81

5.1 Speech

................................
................................
....................

82

5.1.1 Speech Controls
................................
.............................

82

5.1.2 Basic Controls

................................
................................

82

5.1.3 Automatic Speech

................................
..........................

84

5.1.4 Manual Speech

................................
..............................

90

5.1.5 Verbosity Control
................................
............................

96

5.1.6 Read From Here

................................
............................

99

5.1.7 Click and Read From Here

................................
...........

100

5.2 Braille

................................
................................
....................

102

5.2.1 Buttons

................................
................................
.........

102

5.2.2 Braille Controls

................................
.............................

103

5.2.3 Moving Around

................................
.............................

103



5.2.4 Cursor Routing

................................
.............................

104

5.2.5 Attributes

................................
................................
......

105

5.2.6 Status Cells

................................
................................
..

107

5.2.7 Enhanced Display

................................
........................

110

5.2.8 Litera
ry and Computer Braille
................................
.......

110

5.2.9 Braille Layout Modes

................................
...................

111

5.2.10 Keyboard Input

................................
...........................

113

5.3 Dolphin Cursor

................................
................................
.....

114

5.3.1 The concept of a Dolphin Cursor

................................
..

115

5.3.2 Switching to and from the Dolphin Cursor

....................

115

5.3.3 Moving Around the Window

................................
.........

121

5.3.4 Using Speak Ke
ys

................................
........................

127

5.3.5 Moving to other Windows

................................
.............

127

5.3.6 Performing Mouse Operations

................................
.....

130

5.3.7 Activating Controls

................................
.......................

132

5.3.8 Going Places.

................................
..............................

133

5.3.9 Find utility

................................
................................
.....

133

5.3.10 Interacting with controls

................................
.............

134

5.3.11 Moving around a changing screen.

............................

136

5.3.12 Selecting te
xt

................................
.............................

137

5.4 Visual Settings

................................
................................
.....

140

5.4.1 Focus Highlighting dialog

................................
.............

140

5.5 Dolphin Item Finder

................................
.............................

146

5.6 Doc Reader

................................
................................
...........

148

5.6.1 Doc Reader toolbar

................................
......................

148

5.6.2 Doc Reader settings

................................
....................

150

5.7 Application Settings

................................
............................

153

5.7.1 Creating an application settings file

..............................

153

5.7.2
Creating a situation setting

................................
...........

154

5.7.3 Pattern matching

................................
..........................

155

5.7.4 Control panel using default settings

.............................

156

5.8 Web page settings

................................
...............................

156

5.9 Maps

................................
................................
......................

160

5.9.1 Choosing a Map file

................................
.....................

161

5.9.2 Choosing the right Map file

................................
..........

162

5.9.3 Obtaining the latest Map files

................................
.......

162

5
.10 Settings File Management

................................
.................

164

5.11 Windows Logon Screen

................................
.....................

164

5.11.1 Speech at the Windows Logon Screen

......................

164

6.


Hal's Menu Structure

167

6.1 File

................................
................................
........................

167

6.1.1 New Situation Setting

................................
...................

167

6.1.2 New Application Setting

................................
...............

168

6.1.3 New Map

................................
................................
......

169



6.1.4 Edit Situation
Settings

................................
..................

169

6.1.5 Edit Application Settings
................................
...............

171

6.1.6 Edit Map

................................
................................
.......

173

6.1.7 Edit Script
................................
................................
.....

178

6.1.8 Import

................................
................................
...........

179

6.1.9 Export

................................
................................
..........

179

6.1.10 Restore Defaults

................................
........................

180

6.1.11 Quit Hal

................................
................................
......

180

6.2 Visual

................................
................................
....................

180

6.2.1 Highlighting Options

................................
.....................

181

6.2.2 Doc Reader

................................
................................
..

181

6.2.3 Advanced Op
tions

................................
........................

182

6.3 Speech

................................
................................
..................

182

6.3.1 Voice

................................
................................
............

182

6.3.2 Voice Preferences

................................
........................

182

6.3.3 Character Echo

................................
............................

192

6.3.4 Keyboard Announcements

................................
...........

193

6.3.5 Text Style Announcements

................................
..........

195

6.3.6 General Announcements
................................
..............

196

6.3.7 Verbosity Level

................................
............................

199

6.3.8 Monitor Markers

................................
...........................

199

6.3.9 Clic
k and Read From Here

................................
...........

199

6.3.10 Advanced Options

................................
......................

200

6.4 Braille

................................
................................
....................

206

6.4.1 Braille Output

................................
...............................

206

6.4.2 General Preferences

................................
....................

206

6.4.3 General Announcements
................................
..............

208

6.4.4 Input

................................
................................
.............

209

6.4.5 Characters

................................
................................
...

211

6.4.6 Layout

................................
................................
..........

213

6.4.7 Status Cells Dialog Box

................................
................

216

6.4.8 Cursor

................................
................................
..........

217

6.4.9 Show Braille On Screen

................................
...............

218

6.4.10 Verbosity Level
................................
...........................

219

6.4.11 Hooked Areas

................................
............................

219

6.4.12 Advanced Options

................................
......................

219

6.5 General

................................
................................
..................

221

6.5.1 Startup Preferences

................................
.....................

221

6.5.2 Update settings

................................
............................

222

6.5.3 Control Panel

................................
...............................

223

6.5.4 Keyboard and Hot Keys

................................
...............

225

6.5.5 Web P
age Settings

................................
......................

233

6.5.6 Item Finder

................................
................................
...

234

6.5.7 Advanced Options

................................
........................

234

6.6 Help

................................
................................
.......................

239

6.6.1 Help Topics

................................
................................
..

239



6.6.2 Application Notes

................................
.........................

239

6.6.3 Unlock / Activate

................................
..........................

240

6.6.4 Setup Wizard

................................
...............................

240

6.6.5 Customer feedback

................................
......................

240

6.6.6 Check for updates...

................................
.....................

240

6.6.7 About

................................
................................
...........

241

7
.


Hot Keys

243

7.1 Actions

................................
................................
..................

243

7.2 Speech

................................
................................
..................

244

7.3 Speak Keys

................................
................................
...........

246

7.4 Speak Key (Sub Actions)

................................
.....................

248

7.5 Read From Here

................................
................................
...

248

7.6 Dolphin Cursor (General)

................................
....................

248

7.7 Dolphin Cursor (Movement)

................................
................

249

7.8 Dolphin Cursor (Mouse Control)

................................
.........

253

7.9 Dolphin Cursor (Selecting

Text)

................................
..........

253

7.10 Item Finder

................................
................................
..........

255

7.11 Custom Actions
................................
................................
..

255

7.12 Text Input

................................
................................
............

256

7.13 Braille

................................
................................
..................

257

7.14 Braille Displays: Hot Key Summary

................................
..

259

7.14.1 Alva

................................
................................
............

259

7.14.2 Baum

................................
................................
.........

263

7.14.3 Blazie Engineering

................................
.....................

263

7.14.4 Braudi

................................
................................
........

268

7.14.5 Handy Tech

................................
...............................

269

7.14.6 KTS

................................
................................
............

280

7.1
4.7 ONCE

................................
................................
........

283

7.14.8 Papenmeier

................................
...............................

284

7.14.9 Pegasus

................................
................................
.....

292

7.14.10 Pulse Data

................................
...............................

293

7.14.11 Sensotec

................................
................................
..

295

7.14.12 Technibraille
................................
.............................

299

7.14.13 TeleSensory

................................
.............................

300

7.14.14 Tieman

................................
................................
.....

303

8.


Reference

313

8.1 Network installation

................................
.............................

313

8.1.1 Standard Server Installation

................................
.........

313

8.1
.2 Terminal Server Installation

................................
.........

319

8.1.3 Product activation for network version

..........................

332

8.1.4 The Dolphin Pen Installation

................................
........

333



8.2 Technical notes

................................
................................
....

335

8.2.1 General operating system tips

................................
......

335

8.2.2 General application tips

................................
................

335

8.2.3 Java Applications

................................
.........................

336

8.2.4

Adobe Acrobat Reader

................................
.................

337

8.2.5 Corel WordPerfect

................................
........................

338

8.3 Troubleshooting

................................
................................
...

339

8.3.1 Installation And Setup Problems

................................
..

339

8.3.2 Speech Output Problems

................................
.............

344

8.3.3 Braille Output Problems

................................
...............

347

8.3.4 Application Problems

................................
...................

347

9.


Software licence and support

351

9
.1 Software licence

................................
................................
...

351

9.2 Product Support

................................
................................
...

354

9.3 Your Serial Number

................................
..............................

355

9.4 Recommended hardware requirements

.............................

355

9.5 Supported Operating Systems

................................
............

356

10.

Glossary of Terms

357

11.

Index

361





9


C
H A P T E R
1

Introduction

Dolphin Computer Access has a simple goal: to create software products
that allow visually impaired people to use mainstream information
technology in its original form.

Using the same products as sighted people means individuals can re
tain
their independence in education, industry and leisure. At the same time it
allows prudent businesses, schools, colleges and universities to benefit
from the knowledge, ideas and expertise of people who might otherwise be
excluded.

Hal Screen Reader i
s unique in the access aid market because of the
functionality and configurability it offers. This benefits both individuals and
establishments alike, meeting a range of user requirements.



1.1
About this Manual

The support docu
mentation for Hal is available as a print manual, a
Microsoft Word document and as an HTML Help file.

The print manual contains the opening four chapters of the manual plus the
closing Software licence and support chapter.

The Microsoft Word document and

the HTML Help file contain the complete
support documentation. These files are available following the product's
installation.

The manual contains the following chapters.

1. Introduction.

This chapter introduces you to Dolphin, Hal's main features and ex
plains
the structure of this manual. It also provides existing users with a chance
to review what is new in this major version release.

2. Installing, Activating and Uninstalling

This chapter provides the installation instructions that will enable you to
perform a single user installation.


10

Introduction


Administrators wishing to deploy Hal over a network or via a terminal server
or Citrix client should refer to the Reference chapter within the full
documentation for instruction. For ease of access, this is available
as an
HTML Help file within a
\
Help folder on the Hal CD.

3. Getting Started.

This chapter contains information that will help you get started with Hal.
This includes a brief description of some of Hal's basic functions.

4. Applications.

This chapter prov
ides general tips on accessing applications and
introduces the use of some mainstream applications.

5. Using Hal.

This chapter contains an in
-
depth users guide. It also provides a number
of easy
-
to
-
follow tutorials introducing the various features of Hal.

6. Hal's Menu Structure.

This chapter describes all the options available within Hal's menus and
explains their purpose and impact when changed. The chapter is
structured in the same way as the Hal menu system to help with easy
reference.

7. Hot Key Tabl
es.

This chapter contains a full list of all Hal hot keys. The hot keys are laid
out in tables.

8. Reference.

This chapter contains network installation instructions, technical notes for
third party applications and general troubleshooting tips.

9. Softwa
re licence and support.

This chapter contains the software licence agreement and information on
product support.


Introduction

11


Introducing Windows.

In addition to this manual, Hal includes a separate guide "Introducing
Windows". This is a beginners overview of the Windo
ws Graphical User
interface and introduces much of the terminology used throughout this
manual.

You can access "Introducing Windows" in HTML Help format via the Help
menu of Hal.



12

Introduction


1.2
Key Features

Overall Product



Dolphin Scripting E
ngine offers the flexibility to customise the
behaviour of the screen reading and screen magnification functionality,
ensuring that whatever the application you are working with it will be a
fluid and seamless experience



Automatic software updates via th
e Internet to ensure your software is
always up
-
to
-
date



Dolphin SetUp Wizard, offering you a quick and easy way to be up
and running with your chosen settings in a couple of minutes



Choice of Hot Key sets including emulation hot key sets for JFW
Deskto
p and laptop keys, offering you immediate accessibility if you
are switching from another software package



Comprehensive product online help



Choice of over 20 spoken languages including: English (UK and USA),
Cantonese, Danish, Dutch, Finish, French,
German, Greek, Italian,
Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish



Fully accessible installation with speech



Choice of control panels: Classic, Button bar or Menu bar



Dolphin Item Finder allows you to bring up a list of all the hyperlinks,
f
rames or html headings for a webpage with a single hot key (Firefox
or IE) and in other applications such as Microsoft Excel and Microsoft
Word



Speech and Braille access to Windows Terminal Server and Citrix
MetaFrame sessions. Available via ‘thick clie
nt’ server terminals and
‘thin client’ remote terminals



Create application or situation specific settings so that your speech or
Braille settings automatically perform optimally for each of your
different applications or a specific situation that your s
pecify

Speech



Enhanced, improved and easy browsing of Internet Explorer and
Firefox Internet web pages and other applications with the Dolphin
Cursor even where there is little or no keyboard access



Internet Quick Navigation Keys, including E to move

forward through
the edit area and L to jump to the next link


Introduction

13




Navigate internet tables by row or column and also detect multiple or
nested tables



Cut, Copy and Paste announcements



Windows Live Messenger support for instant messaging
conversations



R
eads or spells out any text on screen: documents, menus, web
pages, emails



Reads icons and Internet graphics labels and announces font and
style information



Talks as you type by character, by word or both



Works with any font, including accented chara
cters and symbols



The highest quality Eloquence or RealSpeak voice synthesisers
offering high quality and life like voices included as standard for a
wide selection of languages including English (UK and USA), Czech,
Finnish, French, German, Italian, Nor
wegian, Polish, Portuguese,
Spanish and Swedish



Automatically recognises many other hardware and software
synthesisers including SAPI 4 and SAPI 5 compatible synthesisers



Download Carol, Alan, Lucy and Brad, Orpheus’s natural sounding
voices for free

from www.YourDolphin.com



Speech is available at the Windows login prompt



4 pre
-
set Verbosity Schemes; the high verbosity scheme is ideal for
new users as the level of information provided to the user is at the
highest level. With each scheme less an
d less information is
provided to the user.

Braille



Fast and responsive Braille output



On Screen Braille monitor



Text and graphical information at your fingertips



Choose computer or literary Braille (Grade 1, Grade 2 or Unified
English Braille)



W
orks automatically with a wide range of Braille displays and note
takers



Accurate information on formatting, style and physical layout



Programmable Braille hot keys, speed up and facilitate operation


14

Introduction




Dolphin software supports more Braille devices tha
n anyone else



Braille verbosity controls allow you to choose how much information
you want and how it is displayed



1.3
What's New?

What is new in version 11.0?

64
-
bit Windows Support

Hal supports the 64
-
bit version of Windows Vista.

Windows 7 support
-

Public Beta

Hal includes public beta support for the newest Microsoft operating system,
Windows 7. This operating system is also available as a public beta.
Licensed users of version 11 and customers running a 30
-
day trial are
encourag
ed to supply their beta test feedback via email to
Support@dolphinuk.co.uk marked ‘Windows 7’.

Visit www.YourDolphin.com/Windows7 to find out how you can get involved.
To learn more about Windows 7 visit
www.microsoft.com/windows/windows
-
7/.

Internet Expl
orer 8 support

Hal supports Microsoft’s newest browser, Internet Explorer 8. This
includes support for IE8’s most popular features Accelerators, InPrivate
Browsing, InPrivate Filtering, Web Slices and the IE8 Compatibility View
button.

Download Internet E
xplorer 8 from the Microsoft website.

New Control Panel Interface, New Terminology

Hal has a fresh new look. New icons throughout the control panel and the
new order of items in menus reflect more closely the most frequently used
features.

Specific example
s include:



Changing to another installed synthesizer is now done from the
Speech menu.



Changing to another installed Braille display is now done from the
Braille menu.


Introduction

15




Working with Settings Files, Map Files and Script Files is now done
from, the File

menu. This includes creating new files containing
Settings, Maps and Scripts. The new File menu includes all
Import/Export functions, restore defaults and, for network users, the
dialog for specifying the folder where your settings should be stored.



Adv
anced Options, rarely changed by many users, are classified as
such in an "Advanced" multi
-
page dialog found at the foot of each
menu.



Keyboard and Hotkey preferences can all be found from a single
Keyboard and Hotkey dialog.

With the fresh new look cont
rol panel also comes clear "non
-
technical"
terminology to make it easier to understand what each feature does.

The major terminology changes include:



List Utility is now Item Finder.



Virtual Focus is now Dolphin Cursor.



Auto VF, Area VF and Live Mode
. These terms are superseded by the
Dolphin Cursor. For example: when returning to Live Mode the
announcement is now "Dolphin Cursor off".



Interactive Mode is now Forms Mode.



Document Read is now Read from here.

Braille descriptions for area types

New

Braille descriptions for area types makes more use of the limited
space available on a Braille display. Many control descriptions are now
abbreviated to just two or three letters.

Braille setting to Show Complete Words Only

This feature eliminates split
words at the end of the Braille line increasing
readability and ease of use. It will also prove especially helpful for those
using contracted Braille codes. This option is turned on and off with a
checkbox found in the Braille "Layout Options" dialog box.

Click links with your Braille Routing keys

You can click links with the Routing Keys while using the Dolphin Cursor
(previously known as the Virtual Focus).

To change the function of your Cursor Routing buttons whilst using the
Dolphin Cursor, go to the

Braille "Input from display using Dolphin Cursor"
dialog box.


16

Introduction


Improved Item Finder (previously known as the List Utility)

Pressing ENTER on an item listed in the "Summary" tab will now bring you
to that list in the Item Finder dialog.

New Application Help

Hal introduces a brand new Help system that is available anywhere, by
simply pressing CAPS LOCK + F1.

The new "Hal Help" includes an introduction to the application, popular
application hot keys, configuration tips and a list of Hal custom hot keys
avai
lable in the application.

This new Help system will grow over time with new content being easily
retrieved through the "Check for Updates" option in the Hal control panel's
"Help" menu.

New SAM

The new Synthesiser Access Manager (SAM) v2.50 now runs each B
raille
display driver and speech synthesiser driver in its own process. This
gives SAM the ability to easily disable drivers that are not in use or may be
performing erratically. You can also manually disable drivers that you will
never use, which can fre
quently result in faster Hal start
-
up times.

And more ...

Visit the Dolphin web site to see the full list of new and improved features
that are part of this version release.



1.4
Hot keys

Throughout this manual you will find reference to h
ot keys.

A hot key is a term to describe the set of keys or key combinations on the
keyboard that you use to control Hal. All the hot keys in this manual are
indicated in the following format:

To do something:

Press
KEY A + KEY B
.

This means that you need
to hold down KEY A and whilst it is held down,
press KEY B to perform the indicated function.

For example:


Introduction

17


To open the Hal control panel:

Press
LEFT CONTROL + SPACEBAR
.

This means that you need to press the LEFT CONTROL key and while it is
held down press
the SPACEBAR to open the Hal control panel.

Whenever you press a hot key, Hal captures and acts upon the key. This
means that your application does not see the key press.




19


C
H A P T E R
2

Installing Hal

T
his chapter explains the steps to follow to perform a single user
installation. Administrators wishing to deploy Hal over a network or via a
terminal server or Citrix client should refer to the Reference chapter in the
full documentation. This is availab
le as an HTML Help file in the
\
Help
folder on your Hal CD.

Installing Hal requires only a few simple steps to be followed. The setup
process will guide you through the installation of a number of components.
In the following section we will briefly outl
ine the role of each component
before moving on to the steps to install a single user version.

If you have purchased a complete computer system (PC and
software) direct from Dolphin, Hal will already be installed and ready
to use. This chapter can be over
looked.



2.1
Components

Each component is installed sequentially and fulfils a specific role. The
role of each component is discussed in this section.



2.1.1
Hal

Hal is the screen reader program. This program provides the a
ccess tools
and interface that brings accessibility. This must be installed.



2.1.2
Synthesiser Access Manager (SAM)

SAM provides the automatic and intelligent sharing of output devices
(speech synthesisers and Bra
ille displays) between compliant access aids.
This is a required component. SAM must be installed in order for your
Dolphin software to run.





20

Installing Hal


2.1.3
Voices

Where possible, Dolphin will provide both synthetic and natural voices to
install.
Visit the Dolphin web site to view a list of the default voices provided
with Hal and additional voices available for purchase.

If support is required at the Windows logon screen then it is
necessary to install Dolphin Orpheus TTS. This is Dolphin's multi
lingual TTS synthesiser. The installation of Dolphin Orpheus TTS
does not mean it has to be used as the preferred output device. At
any time, it is possible and simple to switch between alternate SAM
compatible devices.



2.2
Upgrading from a previous version

If you have a previous version of Hal installed then you will be asked during
installation whether you want to upgrade your existing version or install Hal
as a new version.

Installing Hal as a new version mean
s it will exist as a separate product on
your computer and will not automatically use your existing Hal settings.

If you choose to upgrade then this will install the new version directly over
your old one. When you do this, most of your preferred settin
gs from your
previous version will be automatically imported into your new version.
Upgrading in this way also means that during the installation process you
do not have to re
-
enter your name, company and installation directory
details again.



2.3
Single User Installation

A single user installation refers to the installation of Hal onto a PC to be
used by a registered individual.



2.3.1
Installing Under Windows XP

The installation of Hal
requires the assistance of the System Administrator
or someone who has security equivalence. This is because the installation
program has to alter your machine's hardware settings in the Windows
registry in order to install a video driver interceptor. The
Dolphin installation
program cannot alter these registry settings unless you have Administrator
privileges.


Installing Hal

21


To install Hal in Windows XP:

1.

Turn on your computer and start Windows in the usual way.

2.

The Administrator, or someone who has security equiva
lence, should
logon and give Administrator privileges to the user who will be installing
the software.

3.

Logon as the user.

4.

Insert the Dolphin installation CD into your CD
-
ROM drive. After a few
seconds the installation program will automatically sta
rt.

5.

Once the installation program has loaded, you will be asked to select
the language of the product you wish to install. Next you will be asked
to select the product version: "Single User" or "Network". By default,
the "Single User" version is sele
cted. If you wish to install a network
version then please refer to the Network Installation instructions.

6.

A "Welcome" dialog box will now be displayed giving information on
how to use the installation program. Please follow the on
-
screen
instruction
s to complete the installation of each component.

7.

After the installation program has copied the necessary files AND if the
user works under a limited or restricted user account then locate and
run "dll_reg.cmd" located in the installation folder of Hal.

This will
register certain required files to ensure full functionality.

8.

Log off and re
-
start the computer.

9.

If required, the Administrator, or someone who has security equivalence,
should logon and restore the privileges for the user back to their
original
settings.

The installation is now complete. Logon as the registered user.

If for some reason you experience difficulty installing your Dolphin software,
please refer to the
Troubleshooting

(page
339
) section.



2.3.2
Installing under Windows Vista

The installation of Hal requires the assistance of the Administrator or
someone who has security equivalence. This is because the installation
program has to alter your machine's hardware settings in the Windows
reg
istry in order to install a video driver interceptor. The Dolphin installation
program cannot alter these registry settings unless you have Administrator
privileges.


22

Installing Hal


WARNING: Windows Vista User Access Control (UAC) will ask you
to confirm that you want to
run the installation CD when the
installation program is first launched. There is no speech support
at this stage. If assistance is required then we recommend running
Windows Narrator. This can be launched by pressing WINDOWS
KEY + U, then ALT + N (or b
y typing "narrator" at the Run prompt).


To install Hal in Windows Vista:

1.

Turn on your computer and start Windows in the usual way.

2.

The Administrator, or someone who has security equivalence, should
logon and give Administrator privileges to the use
r who will be installing
the software.

3.

Logon as the user.

4.

Insert the Dolphin installation CD into your CD
-
ROM drive.

5.

Locate and run "Setup.exe" on the Dolphin product CD. This can be
done by using Windows Explorer to navigate to the target file

or by
pressing WINDOWS KEY + R to open the "Run" dialog box and type
"x:
\
setup.exe" replacing "x" with your CD ROM drive letter and then
press ENTER.

6.

A Windows Vista UAC dialog will appear stating "An Unidentified
program wants access to your computer
..." and reference "ds.exe".
Select "Allow" (ALT + A) to proceed with the installation.

7.

Once the installation program has loaded, you will be asked to select
the language of the product you wish to install. Next you will be asked
to select the product

version: "Single User" or "Network". By default,
the "Single User" version is selected. If you wish to install a network
version then please refer to the Network Installation instructions.

8.

A "Welcome" dialog box will now be displayed giving informati
on on
how to use the installation program. Please follow the on
-
screen
instructions to complete the installation.

9.

Log off and re
-
start the computer.

10.

If required, the Administrator, or someone who has security
equivalence, should logon and restore

the privileges for the user back
to their original settings.

The installation is now complete. Logon as the registered user.


Installing Hal

23


If for some reason you experience difficulty installing your Dolphin software,
please refer to the
Troubleshooting

(page
339
) se
ction.



2.4
Uninstalling A Single User Version

Before uninstalling Hal it is first necessary to close it down.

To do this:

1.

Press LEFT CONTROL+SPACEBAR to open the control panel.

2.

Press ALT+F4 to quit Hal.

3
.

You will be presented with a dialog asking you to confirm that you really
want to close down Hal. Confirm by pressing Enter, or return to Hal by
pressing Cancel.

Alternatively, you can close down Hal by selecting
Quit Hal

from the
File

menu in the contro
l panel.



2.4.1
Uninstalling Under Windows XP

1.

Log on as Administrator, or someone who has security equivalence,
and give Administrator privileges to the user who has installed the
software.

2.

Log on as the user.

3.

Press the WINDOWS key (or CONTROL+ESCAPE) to bring up the
Windows Start menu and use the cursor keys to select the option "Run"
and then press ENTER.

4.

Type
"c:
\
program files
\
dolphin
\
snova
\
dolcfgnt"
-
r

and
then press ENTER. (Replace the drive letter and

directory name as
appropriate).

You should get a message saying "Interception driver successfully
removed". If you get any other message then you probably do not
have sufficient security permission.

5.

If the user works under a limited or restricted user

account and
"dll_reg.cmd" was run during the installation procedure, then locate and
run "dll_unreg.cmd" located in the installation folder of Hal. This will
unregister certain files required by Hal.

6.

Press the WINDOWS key (or CONTROL+ESCAPE) to bring
up the
Windows Start menu.

7.

Press S to go to the Start menu option "Settings".

8.

Press C to go to the Settings sub
-
menu option "Control Panel".


24

Installing Hal


9.

Press A, then use the cursor keys to select the Control Panel option
"Add/Remove Programs" and then press
ENTER.

10.

Press TAB once to move into the list of installed software on your PC.

11.

Cursor down to the name of the Dolphin software that you wish to
Uninstall.

12.

Press TAB to move to the "Add/Remove" button and then press
SPACEBAR to activate it.

The
Dolphin uninstallation program will automatically detect a
previously installed copy of your Dolphin software and will give you
the option to Uninstall it. (If you have SAM and Dolphin Orpheus
TTS installed on your PC you can uninstall them too, providing

that
they are not used by another product installed on your PC, such as
Cicero).

13.

Log off and restart the machine.

14.

Logon as Administrator, or someone who has security equivalence,
and restore the user's privileges back to what they were.

Note, if W
indows XP is not set to use a classic theme then the steps
above will differ slightly to those stated with regards to locating the
Add / Remove Programs option.



2.4.2
Uninstalling under Windows Vista

1.

Log on as
Administrator, or someone who has security equivalence,
and give Administrator privileges to the user who has installed the
software.

2.

Log on as the user.

3.

Press WINDOWS KEY + R to open the "Run" dialog box.

4.

Type
"c:
\
program files
\
dolphin
\
snova
\
dolc
fgnt"
-
r

and
then press ENTER. (Replace the drive letter and directory name as
appropriate).

You should get a message saying "Interception driver successfully
removed". If you get any other message then you probably do not
have sufficient security permis
sion.

5.

Press the WINDOWS key (or CONTROL+ESCAPE) to bring up the
Windows Start menu.

6.

Press S to go to the Start menu option "Settings".

7.

Press C to go to the Settings sub
-
menu option "Control Panel".


Installing Hal

25


8.

Press A, then use the cursor keys to select th
e Control Panel option
"Add/Remove Programs" and then press ENTER.

9.

Press TAB once to move into the list of installed software on your PC.

10.

Cursor down to the name of the Dolphin software that you wish to
Uninstall.

11.

Press TAB to move to the "Add/R
emove" button and then press
SPACEBAR to activate it.

The Dolphin uninstallation program will automatically detect a
previously installed copy of your Dolphin software and will give you
the option to Uninstall it. (If you have SAM and Dolphin Orpheus
TTS

installed on your PC you can uninstall them too, providing that
they are not used by another product installed on your PC, such as
Cicero).

12.

Log off and restart the machine.

13.

Logon as Administrator, or someone who has security equivalence,
and resto
re the user's privileges back to what they were.

Note, if Windows Vista is not set to use a classic theme then the
steps above will differ slightly to those stated with regards to locating
the Add / Remove Programs option.





27


C
H A P T E R
3

Getting Started

This chapter provides an introduction to Hal. The aim is to provide you
with those initial instructions that ensure you get up and running with Hal as
quickly as possible.

Later chapters will provide
more detailed information on Hal's functionality
including a review of all menu items, a full hot key list and troubleshooting
tips.

Note: This manual makes the assumption that your copy of Hal has
been freshly installed and is using the set of application

settings files
originally supplied by Dolphin. If you have changed any of the Hal
settings (notably the hot keys), then this manual may not exactly
match your system. This may also be true if you have upgraded your
software and changed settings in a previ
ous version. Because your
new version imports most of your settings from your old version,
such changes will still be in effect.



3.1
Starting Hal

Important: Make sure that you turn on your speech synthesiser or
Braille display before
starting Hal.

Hal can be started in one of three ways:

1. Start automatically.

Using the default options when installing a licensed version of Hal means
Hal will be added to the startup process. This means Hal will automatically
start after you log on unde
r your profile. Installing a demonstration version
will, by default, not add Hal to the startup process.

A custom installation will allow you to alter this default behaviour. Also
available in Hal is the option to "Launch Hal after logon". This will add or

remove Hal from the start up process. The option can be found in the Hal
control panel and is located in the "Miscellaneous" sub
-
menu within the
"Configuration" menu.


28

Getting Started


2. Shortcut key

The installation program also creates a shortcut key to start Hal. While

in
Microsoft Windows, Hal can be started at any time using this shortcut key.

To launch Hal:

Press
SHIFT + CONTROL + H
.

If a demonstration version of Hal has been installed alongside a licensed
version of Hal then the demonstration version will be assign
ed an
alternative shortcut key.

To launch a demonstration version of Hal that has been installed
alongside a licensed version of Hal:

Press
SHIFT + CONTROL + D
.

The shortcut key will not change if the demonstration version is unlocked.

3. From the Windows
Start Menu

The final way to start Hal is from the Windows Start menu:

1.

Press the WINDOWS key (or CONTROL+ESCAPE) to bring up the
Windows Start menu.

2.

Open the "Programs" or "All Programs" sub
-
menu (the option listed will
depend on the style of Start me
nu).

3.

Open the "Dolphin" sub
-
menu.

4.

Open the "Hal" sub
-
menu.

5.

Select "Hal" and press ENTER. This will launch the product.

Important: Never turn off your speech synthesiser or Braille display
while running Hal!



The Dolphin Pen Version of Hal.

If you

are using the Dolphin Pen version of Hal then this can be started by
simply inserting the Pen drive into your USB port. When the Dolphin Pen
is inserted you will hear an ascending chime sound to signal the Dolphin
Pen has been detected, then Hal will sta
rt automatically.


Getting Started

29


If the Dolphin Pen is already connected when you log into Windows then
Hal will start automatically.

Note: holding down the
LEFT SHIFT

key will stop the Dolphin Pen
version from automatically starting when the pen drive is inserted.



3.
2
Setup Process

Starting Hal for the first time will launch the Dolphin Setup Process. This
easy to follow process will guide you through
registering

and
configuring

Hal. You will also have the opportunity to sign up to a mailing list
that will
keep you up
-
to
-
date with product developments plus a chance to
participate in the
Dolphin Product Improvement Programme
.

The process takes only a few minutes to complete and with each step you
have the choice to proceed or exit.



3.2.1
Registration

If Hal is not yet unlocked or activated, then each time Hal starts you will be
presented with the Product Registration window. This window will tell you
how many days you have left before you must unlock or activate Hal.

Unlocking
is the process that turns a demonstration version into a licensed
version. The demonstration version will run for 30 days before it must be
unlocked. To purchase an unlock code please contact Dolphin or your local
Dolphin dealer.

Activation is the process
that retrieves a software license key for Hal. Doing
this confirms that you wish to retain the software and that you agree to the
terms laid out in the software license agreement. Once activated a refund is
not available. You have 30 days to activate Hal b
efore it times out.

Hal can be activated automatically if an Internet connection is available. If
no Internet connection is available then Hal can be activated manually.

Internet activation.

Internet activation is the simplest procedure because activation
is
automatic. This will require you to have an Internet connection. The
procedure will connect to the Dolphin server where Hal will be automatically
allocated an activation code.

Manual activation.


30

Getting Started


The manual process will require you to enter an activati
on code that is
based upon your unique product key. Your product key value is shown
during the manual activation process.

To obtain an activation code you should contact your local Dolphin dealer
and report to them your product key. From this key they wi
ll be able to
issue you with an activation code.

Alternatively, if you have access to a computer system that does have
access to the Internet then follow these steps:

1.

Start the manual activation and take a note of your product key.

2.

Insert your Hal CD

into the PC with Internet access. You should hold
down the SHIFT key to prevent the installation program from
automatically starting.

3.

Using Windows Explorer locate and run "dol_activate.exe". This is
found in the "dol_auth" folder on the CD.

4.

Enter

your product key noted from step 1 above and select "Activate
now".

This will start the Product Activation process. It will connect to the
Dolphin server and finally you will be presented with your activation
code.

5.

Note the activation code and return

to your computer where you should
enter the activation code when prompted by the manual activation
process.

Uninstalling and re
-
installing Hal onto the same computer does not result in
Hal having to be activated again. If you require an additional licenc
e then
please contact your Dolphin dealer.

Tip: if you have a network or multi user license version then select
"Multi user license" and enter in your license code stated on your
software license certificate (see the Network installation instructions
in th
e Reference chapter for further details).



3.2.2
Setup wizard

The Dolphin Setup Wizard provides a quick and easy way to change Hal's
main default settings. The wizard is broken down into different categories,
with the opportunity to ei
ther adjust the default settings or accept them and
progress on to the next step.


Getting Started

31


If the installation performed is an upgrade then the wizard will not
automatically run. This is because Hal will inherit your existing settings. If
you do wish to run the wiz
ard then this can be done by selecting "Setup
Wizard" from the "Help" menu in the Hal control panel.

The wizard can be exited at any time by choosing the "Cancel" button or by
pressing the ESCAPE key.

Note: the wizard only focuses on the main settings that

you might
change after installation. Not all Hal features can be found in the
wizard because of its rich feature list.



3.2.3
Customer feedback

The customer feedback options completes the setup process. Here you
can subscribe to
the Dolphin mailing list to ensure you find out first about
Dolphin offers and product developments.

You also have the option to contribute to future product development
through anonymous data collection.

To learn more about Dolphin's Product Improvement P
rogramme and how
your data is protected please visit http://www.yourdolphin.com/privacy.

This option is also available in the "Help" menu of the Hal control panel.



32

Getting Started


3.3
Hal Control Panel

The

control panel

is the name we use throug
hout this manual for the
dialog box that contains all of the settings for Hal. There are two main
ways to access the Hal control panel if it is not currently opened or does
not contain the active focus.

To open the control panel:

Press

LEFT CONTROL + SPAC
EBAR
.

Or Click on the program icon in the taskbar with the mouse.

If the control panel is already open then you can ALT+TAB to it, or Press
LEFT CONTROL + SPACEBAR to bring it to the foreground.

There is an additional Hal control panel format that can be a
ccessed using
the keyboard. The control panel pop up menu lists all the menu options in
an easy to navigate pop up menu style.

To open the control panel pop up menu:

Press

CAPS LOCK + SPACEBAR
.

The control panel contains the complete configuration setti
ngs for Hal
within a menu system. In addition, the most common settings can be
accessed via property sheets in the main window of the control panel.

To exit the control panel press ESCAPE or click on the minimise button.
When you close the control panel,

Hal will continue to run. To learn how
to quit Hal please see Quitting Hal.



3.3.1
Cicero property sheet

For users with Cicero version 3.02 or later installed, you will also find an
additional Cicero property sheet. This pr
operty sheet provides a simple
means of accessing Cicero's OCR functions. For instance, selecting the
"Scanning" button within this property sheet will launch Cicero and scan a
document automatically.



3.3.2
Getti
ng help in the control panel


Each dialog box in the Control Panel contains a
Help button
.
Pressing this button will open Hal's online help at the related topic.

Getting

Started

33


Pressing F1 whilst in the dialog will also open Hal's online help at the same
location.



3.3.3
Making Setting Changes

When you are fine
-
tuning your access system settings to suit your
individual preferences, you can leave the Control Panel open. Simply
change whatever setting you want, press the Apply button and A
LT+TAB
back to your application. The settings will take effect immediately upon
selecting the "Apply" button. You can freely ALT+TAB back and forth
between the Control Panel and your application.

If you change a setting with a keyboard hot key, the setting

in the Control
Panel will be updated immediately if you have the relevant dialog box open.
Hot key changes always take precedence over changing the settings in a
dialog box. A Hot key will change the appropriate setting and immediately
apply it.



3.3.4
The Problem With Foreground Windows

Microsoft has introduced behaviour into Windows to prevent applications
(such as Hal) from popping windows (such as the Control Panel) into the
foreground on demand. Whilst we ha
ve managed to get around this 'new
behaviour' in most circumstances, there are still situations when the Control
Panel will open but not become the foreground window. The most notable
situation is when you have the start menu open.

When this occurs, the Co
ntrol Panel will have opened but it just won't be
the foreground window. You may have to close any menu you have open
and ALT+TAB to the Control Panel.

Tip:
This new behaviour also affects other applications. If you have
done something that you think shoul
d have caused a window to
open and nothing has apparently happened, try using ALT +
ESCAPE to cycle around all the current windows.



3.4
Using Hal hot keys

Up until now, changing Hal settings has been explained in the context of
the
setup wizard

and the
control panel
. Many of the options that have been
encountered can also be changed with the use of dedicated hot keys
available in Hal.


34

Getting Started


Hal hot keys are the set of keys or key combinations on the keyboard that
can be used to control

Hal. Learning and remembering the hot keys that
change the settings you regularly modify can make working on your
computer more effective and rewarding.

Whenever you press a Hal hot key, Hal captures and acts upon the key.
This means that your application

does not see the key press. Sometimes
the keys that have been chosen for Hal may clash with keys that you wish
to use with your application. If this occurs, there are a number of measures
you can do to get around the problem.

Turning the hot keys on and
off.

You can toggle all of your Hal hot keys off, except the key which turns them
back on again! When they are turned off, all the keys on your keyboard will
go through to your application.

To toggle your hot keys on and off:

Press
LEFT CONTROL + 8
.

If the
y are on (which is the default), they will be turned off. If they are off,
they will be turned on. This is how a
toggle key

acts, just like a switch,
turning an option on and off.

Temporarily turning the hotkeys off.

This feature does the same thing as tu
rning all of the hot keys off, except
that they will turn back on automatically, after the next key press. This is
known as allowing through the next key press.

To allow through the next key press:

Press
LEFT CONTROL + 7
.

The next key press, whatever it is
, will be allowed through to your current
application, then the hot keys will be turned back on.

Changing the hot keys.

The final thing you can do is to change one or more of Hal's hot keys. You
can choose to remove a key or change it to anything else. Hot

key changes
are done in the "Hot keys" dialog box, opened through the "General" menu.

For the remainder of this chapter, where applicable, reference will always
be given to the hot keys that perform the task instead of the location of the
setting in the c
ontrol panel interface.


Getting Started

35


Once familiar with the key combinations used to perform tasks you will find
it quickly becomes the preferred method of making changes to Hal.

Note: Hal comes with a number of hot key sets that have been
designed around different ke
yboard layouts and emulations. The hot
keys described in this section relate to the numeric keypad
(NumPad) hot key set. This hot key set is based on the standard
desktop keyboard where the numeric keypad is positioned to the
right of the main block of key
s.



3.4.1
Adjusting speech parameters

Speech output will normally occur automatically as you use your Windows
applications.

There are a few basic speech controls that you will find useful when
beginning to use Hal. They
can be changed at any time using the following
hot keys.

To toggle speech on / off:


Press
LEFT CONTROL + 0

To increase the volume:


Press
LEFT CONTROL + EQUALS

To decrease the volume:

Press
LEFT CONTROL + MINUS

The volume will change by one step each tim
e you press one of
these keys. This is a software volume control. Many computers have
additional volume controls which may also affect the volume of the
voice. If the speech is too loud or too quiet, check for volume controls
on your speakers, hardware spe
ech synthesiser or computer monitor.

To increase the speed:

Press
LEFT CONTROL + LEFT SHIFT + EQUALS

To decrease the speed:

Press
LEFT CONTROL + LEFT SHIFT + MINUS


36

Getting Started


To shut up the speech:

Press
LEFT CONTROL

Shutting up the speech simply makes the speech imm
ediately go
quiet until it has something new to say.

If you have a multi lingual synthesiser you can change language on the fly.

To change language:

Press
LEFT CONTROL + COMMA

There are other commands and many more ways to fine adjust the
synthesiser param
eters. These are described in more detail in the "Using
Hal" chapter.

To change speech synthesiser:

If you have more than one speech synthesiser configured for use, you can
quickly switch to a different one.

To change speech synthesiser:

Press
LEFT CONTROL

+ LEFT SHIFT + RIGHT SQUARE
BRACKET
.



3.4.2
Adjusting verbosity

If you are getting too much information, or not enough, you can cycle the
Verbosity Level between low, medium and high. High is recommended for
people new to comp
uters. Low is recommended for users familiar with the
applications they are using.

To adjust the speech verbosity level:

Press
CAPS LOCK + EQUALS
.

The amount of information output to a Braille display can also be managed
in the same way.

To adjust the Brai
lle verbosity level:

Press
LEFT SHIFT + CAPS LOCK + EQUALS
.




Getting Started

37


3.5
Working with Visual settings

Hal comprises a number of advanced options that help you work in a
magnified environment. From the basics of image smoothing

and the
colour Scheme through to focus highlighting, panning, line view mode and
overview mode. In this section, each of these features will be briefly
explained.



3.5.1
Highlighting Options

The Highlighting function allows y
ou to highlight the current foci position.
You can choose from a wide selection of different highlight styles and
colours for each of the different foci types.

Use the "Highlighting Options" dialog box to choose which type of foci you
want highlighted and
then select the shape and colour preference you
require.

The dialog box has different property sheets for different types of foci.
This includes mouse, cursor (i.e. the beam caret), line (i.e. in edit areas)
and focus (i.e. for the focus outside of edit
areas).

Each foci property sheet allows the user to select and modify the highlight
styles, with a range of different shapes and colours. Each is selected from
a drop down list box.



3.6
Working with speech

Hal contains a numbe
r of advanced speech options that help you get the
information you need as you work. From controlling what is spoken as
you type, speak keys that will read back what is on the screen and a Read
From Here feature that lets you listen to a complete document

with a single
key press; they are all introduced in the sections ahead.



3.6.1
Speak as you type

As you enter text into an edit area Hal will echo each character as it is
typed. If you are unsure of the keyboard layout then this

is the
recommended setting. However, Hal offers you more than just echoing
each character as it is typed!

There are 4 character echo settings:



Characters

-

Each character is spoken.


38

Getting Started




Words

-

Each word is spoken.



Characters and Words

-

Each character

is spoken, and each word is
spoken.



None

-

Nothing is spoken.

The more confident you become in typing the less you will probably want
spoken as you work. This is especially true if you are a fast typist
because speech may not be able to keep up with th
e characters you are
inputting. So changing to, for example, each word being echoed as you
type maybe more beneficial.

To cycle between the various character echo modes:

Press
CAPS LOCK + SEMI COLON
.



3.6.2
Speak Keys

Hal contains a num
ber of hot keys which can be used to read data from the
screen at any time. Hot keys that speak something from the screen are
known as
speak keys
.

Speak keys are normally used to repeat something or obtain more
information about the current item, line or
object that your focus is on.

Function

Key Press

Read character

NumPad 4

Read Word

NumPad 5

Read line

NumPad 6

Read focus

NumPad 0




3.6.3
Read From Here

An important hot key worth special note is the "Read From Here" key.
This

feature enables you to sit back, relax and have your document read
aloud.

To start or pause Read From Here:

Press
NUMPAD PLUS
.

In an edit area, when you pause the Read From Here, you will route the
cursor to the last word read aloud, a useful tool if yo
u hear a mistake and

Getting Started

39


need to stop and edit a document. To continue reading, simply press
NUMPAD PLUS again. Read From Here will also highlight each word as
it is spoken.

And Read From Here is not just for documents. It can be used in menus,
dialog boxes
, property sheets and even in areas where there is no cursor,
such as web pages or Windows Help files.



3.6.4
Getting more information

Hal can give you even more information about the text you are typing and
the Windows co
ntrols you are using. For example, they can spell out
words, and tell you the font, colour and style of text on screen.

Try repeated presses of the speak keys discussed in the previous section.
You should find, for example, a second press of the read w
ord key will spell
the word, while a third press will read the word phonetically.

Repeated presses of the read character key brings slightly different
information. Pressing read character once will simply announce the
character, a second press will announ
ce the character phonetically, while a
third press will announce the attributes of the character, for example, font
name, style and size. The fourth press of the read character key will
announce the Unicode value of the character.

Note: If you simply want

to repeat the first option, press a modifier
key such as LEFT CONTROL to start again.

Finally, to help you get around Windows more quickly two more keys may
be useful. Many applications have their own shortcut or “accelerator” keys
(such as F for File,
E for Edit, V for View etc). These are often indicated
on menu items with an underline character.

To announce a shortcut key:

Press
LEFT SHIFT + NUMPAD PERIOD
.

If you get “lost” and are not sure of your position, there is a hotkey to
answer the question

"Where Am I?". This speak key announces your
window title, area type and current focus.

To speak "Where Am I?":

Press
NUMPAD 7
.


40

Getting Started


The following table lists some further speak keys that are commonly used:


Function

Key Press

Read to cursor

Left Shift + N
umPad 1

Read from cursor

Left Shift + NumPad 2

Read selection

NumPad 1

Read status bar

NumPad 2

Read time and date

Left Control + Left Shift + NumPad
Slash




3.6.5
Advanced speech settings

Here is a brief explanation o
n the advanced speech settings that you will
find available in the "Speech" property sheet and "Speech" menu.



Keyboard speech
allows you to change the automatic key echo
setting to manual. In doing so you can control what Hal does when
certain categories of keys are pressed on the keyboard. For
example, you can have Hal speak the navigation and function keys
e
ach time they are pressed. This speech will precede any speech
resulting from a change occurring on the screen.



Speech styles

allows you to control what is spoken, for example, the
punctuation level and how numbers are read. You can also
determine wheth
er various attributes are announced as you work, like
colours, font styles, font sizes, headings, etc.



Character echo

allows you to control what is spoken as you type
(see the previous "Speak as you type" topic for more details).



Verbosity schemes

lets

you select the level of detail used to
describe windows controls.



Voice and Language

settings allows you to switch synthesiser
language and voice used by Hal.



User defined voices

allows you to modify the existing voice settings
and to create your own
unique voices.



Monitor Markers

lets you switch individual monitor markers on and
off. Monitor markers are defined for specific applications and will be
documented in the Application Notes.




Getting Started

41


3.7
Working with a Brai
lle display

Hal can use a variety of refreshable Braille displays. These can be used
together with or separate from a speech synthesiser.

The Braille will show a portion of the current line and will automatically
follow your progress through applications.
The buttons on the Braille
display are used for moving the display around the screen, setting various
Braille options and to simulate pressing various keys on the computer
keyboard.


Compatible Braille displays have the capability of:
-

1.

Cursor Routing
Support

This enables the positioning of a cursor through Braille display
keystrokes. This is useful, for example, if you wish to quickly click on a
link on a web page.

2.

Navigation

Operate Windows keys from your Braille display. Navigate
independently o
f the speech and cursor, using buttons to scroll forwards
and backwards, and up and down a line. The Scroll Margin (i.e. the
amount of characters moved left or right at a time) can be set in the
Braille Output Settings dialog of the Dolphin Control Panel
.

3.

Contraction

Hal support both Computer Braille (Grade 0) and Literary Braille (Grade
1 and Grade 2). Hal also provides support for alternative Braille
languages.

4.

Hot Keys

Your Braille Display keys can be configured to act as Hal hot keys to
offer

more than just the standard navigation and reading functionality.

5.

Status Cells

Font, style, colour and object information can be permanently displayed

42

Getting Started


on status cells


if your display doesn’t have status cells, you can set
aside regular cells to displ
ay object information.

6.

Logical Mode

This mode intelligently displays associated dialog text and buttons on
the same line of Braille. For example, the "Close" dialog in Word will
be displayed as:

Do you want to save the changes you made? "Yes" butt
on.

7.

Physical Mode

This mode provides a physical representation of what is on the current
line on the screen including spaces. For example, the "Close" dialog in
Word will be displayed as:

"Yes" space "No" space "Cancel"

Helpful for checking formatting
to see text alignment and screen layout!

8.

Braille Input

Some Braille displays and notetakers have a group of six or eight
buttons arranged like a Braille writer. These may then be used to
simulate typing on your computer keyboard.



Getting Started

43


3.8
Dolphin Cursor

The focus displayed by your application is known as the live focus. It is the
flashing beam, highlight or dotted box that the application draws to indicate
where you are. Hal normally tracks what you are doing in your application
by f
ollowing the live focus.

However, sometimes there is no live focus available. For example, in a
web page or on an application's status bar there is no live focus that can
guide you through that window's content. In these cases you can use the
Dolphin Cur
sor.

You can use the Dolphin Cursor to:



Surf the Internet with ease.



Activate links and fill in forms.



Automatically scroll document windows as you read.



Replicate mouse functions such as click, right click, drag & drop.



Move quickly around objects in your application which you can'
t
normally get to with the keyboard.



Explore the full screen.



Find text and jump to it.



Remember a position in a window or application so you can quickly go