Physics

bistredingdongΜηχανική

31 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

77 εμφανίσεις

Physics Page
1

of
10


Linear Motion 2

Projectile motion 3

Complex








Derive formulas for average velocity, instantaneous velocity,
average acceleration, and instantaneous acceleration.



Be able to use velocity, position, acceleration, and time to solve
real world problems.



E
xplain why motion is relative to the observer by using real
world examples



Produce Distance vs. Time graphs from real data collected in the
laboratory as well as from hypothetical situations.



Describe how projectile motion involves both
accelerated motion

and constant motion



Predict the exact path that a projectile will follow
based upon its initial horizontal velocity and g.



Be able to add and subtract vectors



Explain why the path of a projectile is parabolic

Simple



Understand the similarities and differ
ences between accelerated
motion and constant motion



Use the equations for acceleration and velocity to solve simple
linear motion equations



Explain why graphs of accelerated motion and constant motion
look different




Understand that horizontal and vertica
l motion
are independent of each other.



Explain why 45 degrees is the ideal angle to
launch a projectile for maximum distance (with
no air resistance)



Know how to us the Pythagorean theorem

Vocabulary

Acceleration

Average velocity

Instantaneous velocity

Free Fall

Velocity

Relative Motion

g

Vector

Component

Resultant

Scalar

Pythagorean theorem

relative velocity


Physics Page
2

of
10



Newton’s laws of motion 4

i楮ia爠䵯浥湴畭‷



Complex








Use the laws of motion to predict complex motion.



Solve problems with vector force
s and free body diagrams



Solve problems involving friction and inclines





Solve problems for momentum and conservation of momentum
using Newton’s Second law of motion.



Calculate the energy of momentum from various types of
collisions



Solve center of mass p
roblems





Simple



Compare, contrast and synthesize the three laws of motion



Predict simple motion using Newton’s 3 laws.



Describe how Galileo discovered the 1
st

law and the differences
between Galileo, Aristotle, and Coperncius’ view of motion.



Describe
historical and political significance of the development
of the laws of motion



Understand momentum and conservation of momentum



Understand how Force and Time affect a change in momentum



Understand the conditions in which momentum is conserved.



Use the law
of conservation of momentum to predict the motion
of objects before and after elastic and inelastic collisions.



Understand the concept of center of mass and its relation to
objects



Vocabulary

Equilibrium

Force

Static and kinetic Friction

Inertia

Kilogra
m

Mass

Net Force

Newton

Galileo

Weight

Action / Reaction force

Free Body Diagram


Momentum

Law of Conservation of momentum

Elastic vs. Inelastic collisions

Impulse

Center of mass





Physics Page
3

of
10



Work and Energy 6

Circular Motion/Gravitation 5

Complex








Solve p
roblems using work, force, and kinetic energy



Calculate potential energy and kinetic energy in a changing
system



Calculate the mechanical energy and efficiency of various
types of simple and complex machines



Solve problems involving power



Understand that t
he original source of all energy in the
universe is gravitational PE of Hydrogen.


Solve problems using Newton’s laws of gravitation.

p潬癥⁰o潢汥浳⁵獩湧⁣e湴物灥瑡氠景牣e⁡湤⁡ng畬a爠
acce汥la瑩潮o

Ca汣畬l瑥⁴桥⁣e湴敲映 a獳⁡湤sg牡癩vy⁵獩ng⁤楦 e牥湴n
ex灥物浥湴慬⁡湤慴桥浡瑩捡氠lec桮楱略h

Ca汣畬l瑥⁲潴慴楯湡氠楮敲瑩a⁦潲⁳業灬攠ge潭整oica氠景f浳m

Use Kepler’s Laws to describe astronomical motion.



Simple



Define work and energy in terms of each other.



Describe multiple types of energy transformation
s and
conservation of energy.



Compare and contrast different forms of alternative
energies



Describe the concept of power

Understand the concept of the kinematics and dynamics of
uniform circular motion

Explain Newton’s laws of motion as they relate to the
ex楳ie湣e映 e湴物灥ta氠l潲oe

啮摥牳瑡湤⁴桥⁤楦晥re湣e⁢ 瑷te渠ne湴e爠潦慳 Ⱐ,e湴敲映
gra癩vyⰠang畬慲潭e湴畭⁡湤楮敡爠浯浥湴nm

䑥獣物扥⁨ 眠獩浰we⁤ v楣i猠畳攠扡污lce搠瑯牱des⁩渠敶 ry摡y
a灰汩ca瑩潮献


Vocabulary

Kinetic energy

Gravitational Po
tential Energy

Chemical PE

Mechanical Energy

Electromagnetic Energy

Nuclear energy

Law of conservation of Energy

Solar energy

Wind energy

Alternative Energy

Power

Work

Joule

Watt


Centripetal and centrifugal force

Linear, tangential, and rotational speed

R
evolution

Rotation

Axis

Equilibrium

Torque

Rotational inertia

Angular momentum

Conservation of angular momentum

Radial acceleration

Frequency

Period

Kepler’s Law

Physics Page
4

of
10



Relativity

Complex








Solve problems using the equations for time dilation and
length c
ontraction.



Solve problems using the Michelson
-
Moreley concept



Use the 1
st

and 2
nd

postulate of relativity as well as the
Pythagorean theorem to geometrically prove that time
and space are dependant on the speed of the
observer/observed.



Solve problems usi
ng the mass energy equivalence
equation




Simple



Understand the first and second postulates of relativity



Use the theories of relativity to explain time travel.



Explain what an observer would experience as they
traveled at speeds approaching the speed of l
ight.



Explain how to derive the theory of general relativity
using accelerated motion and gravitational fields



Understand why time travel into the future, but not into
the past is possible.



Contrast the concept of light year with the speed of light.



Know
that gravity and accelerated motion create
relativistic effects.

Vocabulary

Space
-
Time

Speed of Light

1
st

and 2
nd

postulate of relativity

Time Dilation

Length Contraction

Special Theory of Relativity

Correspondence Principal

General Theory of Relativity

R
est Energy and Rest Mass

Inertial frame reference


Physics Page
5

of
10



Thermodynamics and Fluids 15, 10

Waves, Sound, Light 24
-
26,

Complex








Solve problems using Hooke’s law



Use Kinetic energy to explain heat transfer, heat capacity, and
thermodynamic laws.



Be able
to solve problems using thermodynamic equations



Use Hooke’s law to determine the weight of an object



Use Archimedes principle to predict displacement, mass,
density, etc.






Use wave equations to predict simple wave
patterns and their linear motion counterp
arts.



Know how to use wave equations and
resonance to determine the speed of sound.



Explain why interference patterns are
observed in Young’s double slit experiment.



Solve problems using Snell’s law



Determine the natural frequency of an object.




Simple



Di
scuss the historical significance of Hooke’s Law (creation
潦⁣汯捫猬潮g楴畤uⰠ,瑣⸩



Use kinematics to explain the differences between different
phases of matter.



Explain the how the different parts of an atom interact to
create different forms of matter



Compare and contrast the different phases of matter



Compare and contrast the different subatomic particles



Define Bernoulli’s principle



Know the laws of thermodynamics and their implications



Use Bernoulli’s principle to explain flight, motion of fluids,
e
瑣t






Describe the basic underlying principles of
the Doppler effect and its implications.



Compare and contrast diffraction and
refraction



Define Snell’s law



Explain color by subtraction and addition on
the atomic level



Describe how objects reflect and abs
orb light

Physics Page
6

of
10

Vocabulary

Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma, Bose
-
Einstein Condensate

Atom, Molecule, element, ion, isotope

Proton, neutron, electron, quark

Density, elasticity, Hooke’s law, Specific gravity

B畯ya湣y,⁁ c桩hede猠s物湣楰ieⰠ䑩獰,aceme湴

Ba牯re瑥tⰠBer
noulli’s principal, Boyles law

䅢獯汵Ae⁺e牯Ⱐra汯物lⰠ,e汶l測⁴敭灥牡瑵牥Ⱐ桥a琬t獰sc楦楣⁨ at

C潮摵o瑩潮Ⱐo潮癥c瑩潮Ⱐoa摩慴楯測⁃潮摵o瑯爬tfn獵污瑯s

Newton’s law of cooling, evaporation, condensation, boiling, freezing,
牥ge污瑩潮⁡湤⁳畢汩浡瑩潮

ia睳
映瑨f牭潤yna浩c猬⁅湴牯sy

噩扲s瑩潮Ⱐ睡癥Ⱐ獴慮摩,g⁷a癥猬⁰s物潤Ⱐr牥煵encyⰠ
桥牴rⰠ⁷,癥⁳灥e搬⁷dve敮 瑨Ⱐ慭灬t瑵摥Ⱐt潰o汥l
e晦ec琬⁩湴敲fe牥nceⰠ瑲,湳癥牳rⰠ汯,g楴畤楮慬Ⱐue獯sa湣eⰠ
湡瑵牡氠晲e煵q湣yⰠ,ea瑳Ⱐ楮ie牦ere湣e⁰a瑴e牮Ⱐ
摩晦牡c瑩潮Ⱐoe晲ac
瑩潮Ⱐ牥f汥l瑩潮Ⱐ汩g桴Ⱐ獰ec瑲潳copyⰠ
Snell’s law, angle of incidence and reflection,
converging and diverging lens, ray diagram, Young’s
摯畢汥⁳汩琠數灥物浥湴Ⱐ

Physics Page
7

of
10



Electricity 16
-
19

Quantum and Nuclear physics 30

Complex






Solve problems using Powe
r, Amp, and Volt

Calculate the power output of various circuits using simple equations

Solve simple schematic diagrams of circuits by determining resistance,
voltage, amperage and voltage within circuits.




Calculate the age of an object using
radioactive d
ecay



Calculate half
-
life



Calculate the mass , speed, frequency or
energy of particles


Simple

Explain the physical relationship between voltage, amperage, and
resistance in terms of energy and motion.

Explain how a series circuit and parallel circuit wor
k.

Explain the relationship between magnetic and electric fields,
induction and electromagnetic waves.

Explain how generators and motors work

Compare and contrast the universal law of gravitation and coulomb’s
污l

啳r⁖ fo⁴漠摥 c物扥⁴桥⁦畮 瑩潮o⁳業p
汥⁣楲i畩瑳

C潭灡oe⁡湤⁣潮瑲a獴⁥汥c瑲楣⁡湤ngne瑩c⁦楥汤l

C潭灡oe⁡湤⁣潮瑲a獴sge湥牡瑯牳⁡湤潴潲o



Explain the historical development of
different atomic models .



Contrast the concept of light as a particle and
light as a wave



Compare and contrast t
he results of the
photoelectric effect with the results of
Young’s double slit experiment.



Compare and contrast the 3 types of nuclear
decay



Compare and contrast the process and forces
involved in nuclear fission and fusion



Explain how E=hf implies that al
l matter has
wavelike properties.



Explain the significance of the photoelectric
effect.


Physics Page
8

of
10

Vocabulary

Charge, Coulomb’s law, electrostatics, conservation of charge, Electric
field, Voltage, Amperage, ohm’s law, circuits, capacitance, DC vs. AC,
䕬bc瑲楣⁗a
瑴Ⱐ䵡g湡瑩獭Ⱐs潭慩測慧湥瑩c 晩fl搮⁅汥c瑲潭tg湥瑩c
睡癥Ⱐ灨潴潮Ⱐ敬,c瑲潭tg湥瑩c⁳ ec瑲畭Ⱐ

Photoelectric effect, photon, Planck’s constant, quantum
灨y獩捳Ⱐs瑯t楣i獳sa湤畭扥 Ⱐ桡汦l晥Ⱐ湵c汥l測n
牡摩潡d瑩癥⁤ecayⰠ㐠畮楶e牳r氠景lce猬⁴sa湳浵瑡瑩
潮Ⱐ
c物瑩捡氠la獳Ⱐ湵捬sa爠r畳獩潮⁡湤⁦楳i楯測†i潨爠瑨e潲y,

m物湣楰ie映䍯浰 e浥湴m物ryⰠ獴慴楯湡ry⁳瑡瑥Ⱐ,xc楴e搠
獴慴sⰠ杲潵湤⁳na瑥Ⱐ楳潴潰o猬s畴物湯Ⱐ獴牯rg⁡湤n睥a欠
湵n汥l爠景fces



























Physics Page
9

of
10




Rotational Motion 8

Bodies in Equili
brium/Elasticity and Fracture 9 **

Complex






Calculate speed and acceleration of a rotating object

Solve problems involving torque, rotational dynamics, and rotational
inertia

Solve problems using angular momentum and the vector nature of
rotating obje
cts



Solve problems involving equilibrium



Solve problems involving statics



Calculate the forces on arches and domes



Use Hooke’s Law to calculate problems
楮癯i癩湧⁥污獴楣楴yⰠ獴,es猠s湤⁳n牡楮




Simple

Understand angular quantities

Understand rolling motio
n and torque

Explain torque, levers, rotational dynamics, and rotational inertia,
inclined planes

Understand angular momentum and its conservation




Understand the forces and conditions for
equilibrium



Understand the concept of statics as it applies
to beam
s, supports, ladders and objects with
pivot points



Understand the concepts of stability, balance,
Understand the concept of elasticity, stress
and strain,



Understand the concepts of fracture, arches
and domes

Vocabulary

Radians

Inclined planes

Angular velocity

Angular acceleration


Moment of inertia

Rotational kinetic energy

Angular momentum

Law of angular momentum

Wheel

Torque

Lever

Inertia

pulleys

Equilibrium

Statics

Stable/unstable/neutral equailibrium

Bal
ance

Hooke’s Law

䕬b獴sc 浩t

啬瑩浡瑥⁳瑲 湧瑨

p瑲t獳

p瑲t楮

C潭灲o獳s潮

呥湳楯n

獨ser


Physics Page
10

of
10