# Physics

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31 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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Physics Page
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Linear Motion 2

Projectile motion 3

Complex

Derive formulas for average velocity, instantaneous velocity,
average acceleration, and instantaneous acceleration.

Be able to use velocity, position, acceleration, and time to solve
real world problems.

E
xplain why motion is relative to the observer by using real
world examples

Produce Distance vs. Time graphs from real data collected in the
laboratory as well as from hypothetical situations.

Describe how projectile motion involves both
accelerated motion

and constant motion

Predict the exact path that a projectile will follow
based upon its initial horizontal velocity and g.

Be able to add and subtract vectors

Explain why the path of a projectile is parabolic

Simple

Understand the similarities and differ
ences between accelerated
motion and constant motion

Use the equations for acceleration and velocity to solve simple
linear motion equations

Explain why graphs of accelerated motion and constant motion
look different

Understand that horizontal and vertica
l motion
are independent of each other.

Explain why 45 degrees is the ideal angle to
launch a projectile for maximum distance (with
no air resistance)

Know how to us the Pythagorean theorem

Vocabulary

Acceleration

Average velocity

Instantaneous velocity

Free Fall

Velocity

Relative Motion

g

Vector

Component

Resultant

Scalar

Pythagorean theorem

relative velocity

Physics Page
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Newton’s laws of motion 4

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Complex

Use the laws of motion to predict complex motion.

Solve problems with vector force
s and free body diagrams

Solve problems involving friction and inclines

Solve problems for momentum and conservation of momentum
using Newton’s Second law of motion.

Calculate the energy of momentum from various types of
collisions

Solve center of mass p
roblems

Simple

Compare, contrast and synthesize the three laws of motion

Predict simple motion using Newton’s 3 laws.

Describe how Galileo discovered the 1
st

law and the differences
between Galileo, Aristotle, and Coperncius’ view of motion.

Describe
historical and political significance of the development
of the laws of motion

Understand momentum and conservation of momentum

Understand how Force and Time affect a change in momentum

Understand the conditions in which momentum is conserved.

Use the law
of conservation of momentum to predict the motion
of objects before and after elastic and inelastic collisions.

Understand the concept of center of mass and its relation to
objects

Vocabulary

Equilibrium

Force

Static and kinetic Friction

Inertia

Kilogra
m

Mass

Net Force

Newton

Galileo

Weight

Action / Reaction force

Free Body Diagram

Momentum

Law of Conservation of momentum

Elastic vs. Inelastic collisions

Impulse

Center of mass

Physics Page
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Work and Energy 6

Circular Motion/Gravitation 5

Complex

Solve p
roblems using work, force, and kinetic energy

Calculate potential energy and kinetic energy in a changing
system

Calculate the mechanical energy and efficiency of various
types of simple and complex machines

Solve problems involving power

Understand that t
he original source of all energy in the
universe is gravitational PE of Hydrogen.

Solve problems using Newton’s laws of gravitation.

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Use Kepler’s Laws to describe astronomical motion.

Simple

Define work and energy in terms of each other.

Describe multiple types of energy transformation
s and
conservation of energy.

Compare and contrast different forms of alternative
energies

Describe the concept of power

Understand the concept of the kinematics and dynamics of
uniform circular motion

Explain Newton’s laws of motion as they relate to the
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Vocabulary

Kinetic energy

Gravitational Po
tential Energy

Chemical PE

Mechanical Energy

Electromagnetic Energy

Nuclear energy

Law of conservation of Energy

Solar energy

Wind energy

Alternative Energy

Power

Work

Joule

Watt

Centripetal and centrifugal force

Linear, tangential, and rotational speed

R
evolution

Rotation

Axis

Equilibrium

Torque

Rotational inertia

Angular momentum

Conservation of angular momentum

Frequency

Period

Kepler’s Law

Physics Page
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Relativity

Complex

Solve problems using the equations for time dilation and
length c
ontraction.

Solve problems using the Michelson
-
Moreley concept

Use the 1
st

and 2
nd

postulate of relativity as well as the
Pythagorean theorem to geometrically prove that time
and space are dependant on the speed of the
observer/observed.

Solve problems usi
ng the mass energy equivalence
equation

Simple

Understand the first and second postulates of relativity

Use the theories of relativity to explain time travel.

Explain what an observer would experience as they
traveled at speeds approaching the speed of l
ight.

Explain how to derive the theory of general relativity
using accelerated motion and gravitational fields

Understand why time travel into the future, but not into
the past is possible.

Contrast the concept of light year with the speed of light.

Know
that gravity and accelerated motion create
relativistic effects.

Vocabulary

Space
-
Time

Speed of Light

1
st

and 2
nd

postulate of relativity

Time Dilation

Length Contraction

Special Theory of Relativity

Correspondence Principal

General Theory of Relativity

R
est Energy and Rest Mass

Inertial frame reference

Physics Page
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Thermodynamics and Fluids 15, 10

Waves, Sound, Light 24
-
26,

Complex

Solve problems using Hooke’s law

Use Kinetic energy to explain heat transfer, heat capacity, and
thermodynamic laws.

Be able
to solve problems using thermodynamic equations

Use Hooke’s law to determine the weight of an object

Use Archimedes principle to predict displacement, mass,
density, etc.

Use wave equations to predict simple wave
patterns and their linear motion counterp
arts.

Know how to use wave equations and
resonance to determine the speed of sound.

Explain why interference patterns are
observed in Young’s double slit experiment.

Solve problems using Snell’s law

Determine the natural frequency of an object.

Simple

Di
scuss the historical significance of Hooke’s Law (creation

Use kinematics to explain the differences between different
phases of matter.

Explain the how the different parts of an atom interact to
create different forms of matter

Compare and contrast the different phases of matter

Compare and contrast the different subatomic particles

Define Bernoulli’s principle

Know the laws of thermodynamics and their implications

Use Bernoulli’s principle to explain flight, motion of fluids,
e

Describe the basic underlying principles of
the Doppler effect and its implications.

Compare and contrast diffraction and
refraction

Define Snell’s law

Explain color by subtraction and addition on
the atomic level

Describe how objects reflect and abs
orb light

Physics Page
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Vocabulary

Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma, Bose
-
Einstein Condensate

Atom, Molecule, element, ion, isotope

Proton, neutron, electron, quark

Density, elasticity, Hooke’s law, Specific gravity

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noulli’s principal, Boyles law

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Newton’s law of cooling, evaporation, condensation, boiling, freezing,

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Snell’s law, angle of incidence and reflection,
converging and diverging lens, ray diagram, Young’s

Physics Page
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Electricity 16
-
19

Quantum and Nuclear physics 30

Complex

Solve problems using Powe
r, Amp, and Volt

Calculate the power output of various circuits using simple equations

Solve simple schematic diagrams of circuits by determining resistance,
voltage, amperage and voltage within circuits.

Calculate the age of an object using
ecay

Calculate half
-
life

Calculate the mass , speed, frequency or
energy of particles

Simple

Explain the physical relationship between voltage, amperage, and
resistance in terms of energy and motion.

Explain how a series circuit and parallel circuit wor
k.

Explain the relationship between magnetic and electric fields,
induction and electromagnetic waves.

Explain how generators and motors work

Compare and contrast the universal law of gravitation and coulomb’s

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Explain the historical development of
different atomic models .

Contrast the concept of light as a particle and
light as a wave

Compare and contrast t
he results of the
photoelectric effect with the results of
Young’s double slit experiment.

Compare and contrast the 3 types of nuclear
decay

Compare and contrast the process and forces
involved in nuclear fission and fusion

Explain how E=hf implies that al
l matter has
wavelike properties.

Explain the significance of the photoelectric
effect.

Physics Page
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Vocabulary

Charge, Coulomb’s law, electrostatics, conservation of charge, Electric
field, Voltage, Amperage, ohm’s law, circuits, capacitance, DC vs. AC,
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Photoelectric effect, photon, Planck’s constant, quantum

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Physics Page
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Rotational Motion 8

Bodies in Equili
brium/Elasticity and Fracture 9 **

Complex

Calculate speed and acceleration of a rotating object

Solve problems involving torque, rotational dynamics, and rotational
inertia

Solve problems using angular momentum and the vector nature of
rotating obje
cts

Solve problems involving equilibrium

Solve problems involving statics

Calculate the forces on arches and domes

Use Hooke’s Law to calculate problems

Simple

Understand angular quantities

Understand rolling motio
n and torque

Explain torque, levers, rotational dynamics, and rotational inertia,
inclined planes

Understand angular momentum and its conservation

Understand the forces and conditions for
equilibrium

Understand the concept of statics as it applies
to beam
s, supports, ladders and objects with
pivot points

Understand the concepts of stability, balance,
Understand the concept of elasticity, stress
and strain,

Understand the concepts of fracture, arches
and domes

Vocabulary

Inclined planes

Angular velocity

Angular acceleration

Moment of inertia

Rotational kinetic energy

Angular momentum

Law of angular momentum

Wheel

Torque

Lever

Inertia

pulleys

Equilibrium

Statics

Stable/unstable/neutral equailibrium

Bal
ance

Hooke’s Law

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