2013 -2014 Syllabus AP Physics – C: Mechanics - science-b

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Syllabus AP Physics


C: Mechanics


Page
1

of
15


John Romac



AP
®

Physics
C

Mechanics
Syllabus


Primary Text:


Fundamentals of Physics Extended


by
David Halliday
,
Robert Resnick

and
Jearl Walke
r

(9
th

edition)

[
ISBN
-
13: 9780470469088
]

KAPLAN


AP Physics B and C 2013
-
2014

PRINCETON REVIEW


Cracking the AP Physics C 2013 Edition


Course Overview

-

Physics C Courses


The AP Physics C: Mechanics correspond to approximately a semester of college
work.

The course will utilize guided inquiry and student
centered and

will

use introductory differential and
integral calculus throughout the course.
The course will

provide instruction in each of the following six
content areas

from the classical era [C1
-

C6]
: kinematics; Newton’s laws of motion; work, energy and
power; systems

of particles and linear momentum; circular motion and rotation; and oscillations and

gravitation.

E
ach student
will have the opportunity to learn from lecture, problem
-
solving, laboratory
experimentation, group work, and solo effort.

Science classes meet
four
periods a week (50

minutes).
One
of these periods have additional time
(75 minute period) for laboratories.
[C7]



G
rade
s

will be determined on the following criteria:

Section

Laboratories / Notebooks:
35
%


Section Tests

/ Homework:
35
%


Term Exams:
30
%


Tests

and H
omework
Quizzes
will be assigned
weekly for
each
section
, com
ing

primarily from
the textbook,

and will focus on problems similar to those
taken from AP released exams
.

Section

Tests
consist of multiple
-
choice questions, free
-
response problems, and questions based on lab experiments
completed during

that unit.


















C
7

-

Course Requi rement
7
:
The course utilizes guided
inquiry and student
-
centered learning to foster
the development of critical
thinking skills.

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Syllabus AP Physics


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Course Goals:



The Learning Promise
:

o

Critical Thinking
: Testing a hypothesis, creating an idea, solving a problem.

o

Creativity:
To use the tools above to propose, test, and expand new ideas.

o

Collaboration:
Working with others to create Synergy in Situation Solving

o

Comprehension
: Develop an understanding of the world around you:

o

Communication
: Articulation of your results to others.




Scientific method

of problem solving:

o

Observation
:



Viewing the world around you from an objective viewpoint as to how thing fit,

work togeth
er and interact with each other.


Develop the curiosity to explore: To gain a wonder of the world around you and the
pleasure of finding things out.


o

Reason
:




Creating a hypothesis.

Gather information, determining validity, and relevance to test that
hypothesis.
Developing a confidence in the language of Mathematics


o

Experiment

Formulating, testing and critique of the hypothesis.

Creativity: To use the tools above to propose, test, and expand new ideas. Articulation
of their results.

Self
-
assessm
ent: structure and discipline


Pre
-
Requisites

Successful completion of Pre
-
Calculus and/or enrolled in Calculus


















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Syllabus AP Physics


C: Mechanics


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LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS


The course includes a laboratory component comparable to a semester
-
long, college level physics laboratory. Each student will spend a
minimum of 1 class (20 percent) of instructional time engaged in
laboratory work. A hands
-
on laboratory component is requ
ired. Each
student will complete a lab notebook and create a portfolio of lab
reports.
U
nit
L
ab
oratories

Experiments
(listed at the end of this
syllabus)

w
ill follow a standard model
c
onsisting of:



Title
:



O
bjective
:



E
quipment Needed:



Procedure
:



Data
Tables
:



Calculations
:



R
esults
:



C
onclusions
:


By the end of the course the student will be able to:



D
esign experiments;



O
bserve and measure real phenomena;



O
rganize, display and critically analyze data;



A
nalyze sources of error and determine uncerta
inties in measurement;



D
raw inferences from observations and data; and



C
ommunicate results, including suggested ways to improve experiments and proposed
questions for further study.


The lab book
will

contain the typed report formatted as sated above.
Lab

books will be collected at the
conclusion of each term for grading.

On line sources and interactive demonstrations {PHET} will be
utilized to augment computer and internet assisted modeling of physics ideas and concepts. A student
weekly “show
-

n
-
tell” w
ill utilize journals, magazines and articles to highlight new ideas in science.

Laboratories
will primarily utilize
Vernier system
s of data collection

with

an air track and or everyday
items such as an F
-
150 Ford pickup.















C
9

-

Course Requi rement

9
:
The course includes

a laboratory component

comparable to a

semester
-
long, college level

physics
laboratory.

Students spend
a

minimum of 20 percent

of instructional time

engaged in laboratory

work. A hands
-
on

l aboratory component i s

requi red. Each student

shoul d compl ete a l ab

notebook or portfol i o of

lab
reports.

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Syllabus AP Physics


C: Mechanics


Page
4

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15


Intro Unit

Physics and Measurements

1 week


Introduction to Differential Calculus [C8]


I
ntroduction to lab equipment /
measurement

3

classes + 2 labs



Lab



Initial Lab Report Earth t
o Moon Exercise


AV
-
A1



Exploration of Graphical Methods


AV
-
A3


Working with A
nalytical Tools


AV
-
A4



Introduction to the Photo
-
gate / Motion Detector


Lab
AV
-
E2


Error Analysis






































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Syllabus AP Physics


C: Mechanics


Page
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Sept
9



Oct 11




Unit 1

Kinematics [C1][C8][C9]

5

weeks


Unit 1


Section 1

Motion in One
-
Dimension

Displacement / Instantaneous Velocity / Acceleration

Motion Diagrams

Free Falli
ng Objects / 1
-
Dimensional with constant Acceleration
{Constant and Instantaneous}

4 classes +
4

labs + 1 test




Lab
AV
-
E1


Motion on an Incline


Lab
V
-
E2


Back and Forth Motion


Lab
V
-
E3


Cart on a Ramp


Lab
V
-
E4


Determining “g” on an incline (ramp and
F


150)








Unit 1


Section 2

Motion in Two
-
Dimensions

Vectors Coordinate System / Properties of Vectors

Components of Vectors / Unit
Vectors

Scalar Products
-

Dot Products


Cross Products

4 classes +
2

lab
s




Lab
V
-
E6


Ball Toss


Lab V
-
E3


Cart on a Ramp (“g” Vector)







Unit 1


Section 3

Motion in Two
-
Dimensions

Projectile

Motion

Circular Motion


Displacement / Velocity /
Acceleration Vectors

2
-
D motion
-
Constant Acceleration

3 classes + 1 lab + 1 test



Lab
AV
-
E6


Projectile Motion

C1
-

Course Requi rement 1:
The course provi des
i nstructi on i n each of the
two

content areas outl i ned
i n the Course Descri pti on:
Kinematics

C
8

-

Course Requi rement 8
:
Introductory

differential
and integral

calculus is
used

throughout the
course.


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Syllabus AP Physics


C: Mechanics


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Oct
14



Nov

15*



*Family Weekend Oct
2
4th
t




Unit 2

Newton’s Laws of Motion

4

weeks
*


Unit 2


Section 1

Static Equilibrium (1
st

Law)

Inertia

Inertial frame of reference


Mass vs. Weight

F
net

= 0

a
net

= 0

Velocity = constant

2

class
es

+ 1 lab



Lab
AV
-
E3


Newton’s First Law



Unit 2


Section
2


Dynamics of a Single Particle (2
nd

Law)


F
x = ma
x



F
y = ma
y


F
z = ma
z

SI Unit Newton


Force
-

Acceleration

Weight


Gravity

3

classes + 1 lab


Lab
V
-
E7


Bungee Jump Accelerations



Unit 2


Section
3


Systems of Two or More Objects (3
rd

law)

Action
-
Reaction Pairs

Free Body Diagrams


Statics

Atwood’s Machine


Dynamics

Friction


Static
&
Kinetic
Friction


Field Forces


Gravity

F
g

= G[m
1
*m
2
] /(d
2
)


Magnetic

F
mag

= (1/4€
0
π)[q
1
*q
2
] /(r
2
)


5

classes + 4 labs + 1 test





Lab
V
-
E9


Newton’s Third Law


Lab
AV
-
E5


Newton’s Third Law


Lab
V
-
E10


Atwood’s Machine


Lab
V
-
E12


Static and Kinetic Friction

{V
-
E13 Air Resistance}


Lab



Measuring the gravitational acceleration in Bath, Maine


C2
-

Course Requirement 2:
The course provi des
i nstructi on i n each of the
three content areas outl i ned
i n the Course
Descri pti on:

Newton’s Laws of Motion

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Syllabus AP Physics


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Fall
Exams TUES NOV 19

Thanksgiving Break Nov
22



Dec

2


Dec 3



Dec
20

2 weeks



Unit 4 Systems of Particles and Linear Momentum

2 weeks


Unit 4 Section 1 Impulse and Momentum

Impulse and Momentum





2 classes + 2 labs



Lab


Rockets and Balloons


AV
-
E10A

Impulse and Momentum (Motion Detector)


Unit 4 Section 2 Conservation of Linear Momentum

Collisions



Elastic



Inelastic



Two Dimensional



4 classes + 2 labs + 1 test



AV
-
E11A

Momentum and Collisions (Motion Detector)


V
-
E18


Momentum, Energy a
nd Collisions



U
nit 4

Section 3* Center of Mass


2

classes +
1

lab


Lab*


Find the center of mass of an everyday object


Christmas Break Dec
20


Jan
6


















C
4

-

Course Requirement
4
:
The course provi des
i nstructi on i n each of the
three

content areas outl i ned
i n the Course Descri pti on:


Systems of particles, linear
momentum

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Syllabus AP Physics


C: Mechanics


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Jan
7



Feb

6


Unit 3

W
ork, Energy, and Power


4

weeks


Unit 3 Section 1

Work and
Mechanical Advantage

W = F∙d =F(d Cos θ)

2

classes +
2

lab
s




Lab


Work done on a Flexible Flyer Sled / (inside
-

a cart)


Lab


Build a simple machine


Unit 3 Section
2

Energy
the Work
-
Energy Theorem

Constant Force


Displacement



Joule

Non
-
Constant Force


Displacement



Integral


under the curve



Hooks Law



Kinetic Energy




W= ∆KE



Potential Energy





W= mgh

4

classes +
2

lab
s +1 test



Lab


Dynamics Experiment: Hooke’s Law


Lab


Work Energy and the Ramp


1



Unit 3 Section
3

Conservation of Energy



Ki + Ui + W = Kf + Uf

Potential Energy Curves

4

classes +
2

lab
s +1 test



Lab AV
-
E9

Energy Storage and
Transfer


Gravitational Energy


Lab V
-
E16

Energy of a Tossed Ball


Roller Coaster Lab





Unit 3 Section
4

Power



Instantaneous Power

2

classes +
1

lab




Lab


Power exerted on a Flexible Flyer Sled / (inside
-

a cart)


Lab


“Power” of a simple machine







C
3

-

Course Requirement
3
:
The course provi des
i nstructi on i n each of the
four

content areas outl i ned i n the
Course Descri pti on:

Work,
Energy, and Power

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Feb
10



Mar 3



Unit 5

Circular Motion and Rotation

3

weeks




Unit 5 Section 1
Uniform Circular Motion


{Big 5}


Angular vs. Linear Quantities


Angular Displacement


Angular Velocity


Angular Acceleration


Centripetal Acceleration



3

classes +
2

labs + 1 test



Lab V
-
E20

Centripetal Acceleration

on a turntable


Lab
A
V
-
E
1
2

Centripetal
Acceleration




Unit 5 Section
2

Torque and Rotational Statics


Moment arm


Net torque CCWτ= positive

CWτ= negative


Equilibrium



3

classes +
2

labs + 1 test



Lab

Rotation and Torque


Lab

Torque in Equilibrium







Unit 5 Section
3**

Rotational
kinematics and dynamics


Moments of Inertia



Hoop



Solid Cylinder



Rectangular Plate



Thin Rod



Solid Sphere



Thin Spherical Shell



2

classes +
1 lab



Lab AV
-
E13

Rotational Dynamics


Unit 5 Section
4**

Angular momentum and its conservation



Point Particles



Reference point





L = mvrSin
φ

= r X p



2

classes +
1 lab

+ 1 test



Lab AV
-
E14

Conservation of Angular Momentum


C
5

-

Course Requirement
5
:
The course provi des
i nstructi on i n each of the
four

content areas outl i ned i n the
Course Descri pti on:


Circular motion and rotation

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Winter Exams
Mar 4

Spring Break Mar
7



Mar 2
6


Mar 2
7



April
23

Family Weekend Apr 24
th




Unit 6

Oscillations
and Gravitation

3

weeks


Unit 6

Section 1 Simple Harmonic Motion



Hooke’s Law


Period

-

Frequency



Energy
-

Dynamics



2

classes +
2

labs + 1 test



Lab AV
-
E15

Simple Harmonic Motion
-

Mathematics


Lab AV
-
E1
6

Simple Harmonic Motion
-

Kinematics


Unit 6

Section
2

Mass on a Spring

and

Pendulums


2

classes +
2

labs + 1 test



Lab V
-
E1
4

Pendulum Periods


Lab


Hooke’s Law

-

Kinematics


Unit 6 Section
3

Newton’s Law of Gravity

and

Orbits

of Planets and Satellites



Kepler’s 3
rd

Law



Circular {general


e
lliptical
}

Orbits



Velocity



Period



3

classes +
2

lab
s

+ 1 test



Lab


Univers
al Gravitational Constant


Lab


Kepler's Second Law using a centripetal force kit




Apr
29



May 7


1 week

AP Exam Review




AP Exam May 7

Estimated



25 weeks total

5


50 min

Mon


Fri/Sat

104
contact hours








C
6

-

Course Requirement
6
:
The course provi des
i nstructi on i n each of the
fi ve

content areas outl i ned i n the
Course Descri pti on:


Oscillations and gravitation

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C: Mechanics


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The FOUR P’s

These are the four basic EFFORT expectations of a Romac / Hyde Classroom.

You may not have control over the talents and gifts given to you for math, science, language or
history…however, you do have control over your
actions.

Punctual


Be on time, for class, with assignments, for appointments.


If you are going to miss an appointment or class,

YOU have the responsibility to notify the person in charge of that meeting.



Off


Track:

Not doing it


Motions:

Someone else

holds me accountable and /or responsible


Effort:


I initiate the actions required


Excellence:

I do my best and I help others to their best


Prepared


Do your homework: to the best of your ability.


Be prepared to discuss what you DO understand and what
you DO NOT understand


Bring the necessary tools for the job, pencils, paper, notebooks etc.

{cleats, helmet, lax stick etc.}



Off


Track:

Not doing it


Motions:

Someone else holds me accountable and /or responsible


Effort:


I initiate the actions
required


Excellence:

I do my best and I help others to their best


Positive


Bring an “
I can do this
” attitude and approach to the meeting, class, practice etc.


You may have to work harder in some areas than others

{and you may have an advantage over ot
hers in another area.}



Off


Track:

Not doing it


Motions:

Someone else holds me accountable and /or responsible


Effort:


I initiate the actions required


Excellence:

I do my best and I help others to their best


Participate


Classes and practices are n
ot spectator event; you are an active participant in the event.


It will be difficult o participate if you have not been able to do the first THREE P’s


Off


Track:

Not doing it


Motions:

Someone else holds me accountable and /or responsible


Effort:


I i
nitiate the actions required


Excellence:

I do my best and I help others to their best






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Syllabus AP Physics


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Achievement
Grading:


Grading will be based primarily on a 4
-
point scale. On this scale, a 3.5
-

4 will translate to Excellence, a 3 will
translate to High Effort,

a 2 will translate to Effort, a 1 will translate to Motions, and a 0 will translate to Off
-
Track. Anything that is collected (homework, quizzes, exams, projects, papers, etc…) will have a grade
associated with it and at the end of each term your grade wi
ll be calculated by using these grades.


Did Nothing (0.0)
:



Off
-
Track


Be Attentive (1.0)
:

Gather information

Rough Draft


Motions

-
Read the question, draw a picture (Would a visualization be helpful?)



65
-

75

-
List all relevant information for th
e assignment Outline

-
Write out "possible" formats that include the answer in them


Be Insightful (2.0)
:

Work to a conclusion

First Draft


Effort

-
"Start with the end in mind":





75
-

85

-
What does the answer look like?

-
What process should

be used?


Be Insightful (3.0)
: Reach a conclusion

Final Draft


High
-
Effort

-
Work through the entire process to a conclusion and it is correct


85
-

90


(no critical check noted)


Be Critical (3.5)
:

TEST/CHECK your conclusion (work / results)

Excel
lence

-

Verify Result with a second test or others input



90
-

95

-

If it does not meet the original standards, fix it

-

Reach an incorrect conclusion AND realize it. (Ran out of time to correct…)

-
"Re
-
read" the question Review the “process” Initi
ate assistance


Be Responsible (4.0)
: Finalize your results




Excellence


Verified conclusion
is correct:
Teach someone else what you learned


95
-

100


Achievement Grade Matrix:

4.0


A


96
-

100

Creative and original thought

3.75


A
-


91
-

95



3.5


B+


88
-

90

Honors Level

3.0


B


85
-

87

Able to TAKE AP EXAM in SPRING

2.75


B
-


81
-

84

2.5


C+


78
-

80

2.0


C


75
-

77

1.75


C
-


71
-

74

1.5


D+


69
-

70

1.0


D


66
-

68

0.5


D
-


65


65

Meets bare minimum standards

0


F


55
-


64

No
credit





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HONORS and WARNINGS



“The aim of education is to teach how to think,

not what to think.”


Benjamin Franklin


“The purpose of secondary education is to learn how to learn.”


Benjamin Franklin


If you were to use the two quotes above and the
premise;

“Am I responsible for my own learning?”

How have you done these past three weeks?


Off Track
:
I was not responsible for my own learning.

I did not learn.

I did not do the basic expectations or the assignments:


Motions
:
Someone else was more
responsible for my own learning than I.

Someone taught me.

I did the work assigned, but nothing more. I waited to be told what to do. I did not
initiate the learning needed to complete the assignments.


Effort
:
I was responsible for my own learning.

I ta
ught myself.

I completed the assignments and initiated the learning I needed to do, to complete the
assignments.


HI
-
Effort
:
I was responsible for my own learning.


I did extra work or “redid” work that I missed or did not understand.


Excellence
:

I was
responsible for my own learning AND intentionally helped others.

I taught myself and someone else.

I completed the assignments, initiated the learning I needed to do, to complete the
assignments. I did extra work or “redid” work that I missed or did not u
nderstand.

I sought others out to help them with material



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Double Entry Notes

Text type_____________



name _____________ date_____________



What







So What

Vocabulary/key word, quote,



Question, connection, response, prediction,

detail, Context Description,




explanation, Examples, Usage, Summary

Formulae, Theorems













































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Hyde Physics HOMEWORK










Name:__________________

Date:___________________

Assignment: Page(s)__________





Problems:___________________



Problem 1)











“Corrections” Examples IF NEEDED





































Problem 2)










Problem 3)