DNA Technology Review

bewilderedvoyageΒιοτεχνολογία

12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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DNA Technology Review


1.

C

2.

Nasal spray has the normal cystic fibrosis gene that is introduced into the nose and lung. From there,
the cells that are affected by the defective cystic fibrosis protein are altered.

3.



a.

3

b.

1

c.

4

d.

2

4.

C

5.

A

6.

D

7.

B

8.

A

9.

A

10.

A gene that codes for
the surface protein of a pathogenic virus is inserted into a harmless virus (genes
are altered so that the virus is no longer harmful). The modified virus is then used as a vaccine.

11.

Nitrogen
-
fixing bacteria can convert atmospheric nitrogen into compounds
that plants can use.
Genetic engineers are trying to transfer nitrogen
-
fixing genes from bacteria into crop plants in order to
enable the plants to grow in nitrogen
-
poor soil.

12.

A pattern of bands on a photographic film, where bands represent specific fragm
ents from an
individual’s DNA

13.

Technique in which nucleic acids or proteins are separated according to size and charge as they
migrate through the gel

14.

Radioactive segment of DNA that is complementary

to DNA fragments that have been selected for
comparison

15.

A

solution containing a harmless version of a virus or a bacterium

16.

A disease
-
causing agent

17.

A weed controlling chemical

18.

Proteomics

19.

Microarray

20.

Genetic engineering

21.

Vector

22.

#2 because the DNA that doesn’t match up with the mother matches up with father #2



Determining Paternity


3. Case #1 = C

Case #2 = E

Case #3 = K

Case #4 = O


4. All the cases have genes that are inherited from the father


6. People that are related WILL share DNA