Metabolic syndrome is a collection of heart disease risk factors that increase your chance of developing heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. The condition is also known by other names including Syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, and dysmetabolic syndrome. According to a national health survey, more than one in five Americans has metabolic syndrome. The number of people with metabolic syndrome increases with age, affecting more than 40 percent of people in their 60s and 70s.

berserkdisagreeableΛογισμικό & κατασκευή λογ/κού

29 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 11 μέρες)

120 εμφανίσεις

Jason Windsperger

Exercise Prescription Special Populations

6
-
3
-
09

Metabolic Syndrome X



Metabolic syndrome is a collection of heart disease risk factors that increase
your chance of developing heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. The condition
is also
known by other names including Syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, and
dysmetabolic syndrome. According to a national health survey, more than one in five
Americans has metabolic syndrome. The number of people with metabolic syndrome
increases

with age, affecting more than 40 percent of people in their 60s and 70s.



You are diagnosed with metabolic syndrome if you have three or more of the
following. A waistline of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or more for women
(measured
across the belly), blood pressure of 130/85 mm Hg or higher or are on blood
pressure medications,

triglyceride level above 150 mg/dl, fasting blood glucose (sugar)
level greater than 100 mg/dl or are on glucose lowering medications, high density
lipoprote
in level (HDL) less than 40 mg/dl (men) or under 50 mg/dl (women)

(
http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/Metabolic_Syndrome/hic_Metabolic_Syndrome.
aspx)
.




Our bodies were designed the way they are for a reason. Many years ago our
ancient ance
stors were hunter gathers who had to spend a lot of time running, fighting,
and staying very active just to survive. Now days we need to go out of our way in order
to not live a sedentary lifestyle. Computer, desk, and office jobs are our common place to
m
ake a living. Very little time can be spent doing physical activity to survive. Our bodies
were not designed to be inactive as much as they are. When we eat slightly more than we
need the body sends it to its personal storage facility (fat). When genetics
are already
playing a role in poor insulin and glucose use, the energy system gets all out of whack on
the cellular level. Our first job is to understand the condition and reason behind this on
the area of biochemistry.



People with the metaboli
c syndrome are at increased risk of coronary heart
disease and other diseases related to plaque buildups in artery walls (e.g., stroke and
peripheral vascular disease) and type 2 diabetes. The metabolic syndrome has become
increasingly common in the United

States. It’s estimated that over 50 million
Americans have it
(http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4756)
.




50 million Americans is a major portion of our population and most probably
have no insight on this important draw b
ack. It is everywhere around us even if we are
not a part of this group you will notice it at places like the fair with people standing in
line for a corn dog or other unneeded food intake. I’m sure you notice how some people
may look healthy and lean but
they have a belly that doesn’t belong, proportioned to the
rest of the body. That is one sign of this disorder in metabolism.

Doctors recommend getting 30 to 60 minutes of moderate intensity exercise,
such as brisk walking, every day. Losing as little as
5 percent to 10 percent of your
body weight can reduce insulin levels and blood pressure and decrease your risk of
diabetes. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and the
Mediterranean Diet, like many healthy
-
eating plans, limit unhealthy

fats and
emphasize fruits, vegetables, fish and whole grains. Both of these dietary approaches
have been found to offer important health benefits
-

in addition to weight loss
-

for
people who have components of metabolic syndrome.


Ask your doctor for gui
dance
before starting a new eating plan. Cigarettes increases insulin resistance and worsens
the health consequences of metabolic syndrome. Talk to your doctor if you need help
kicking the cigarette habit. Work with your doctor to monitor your weight and y
our
blood glucose, cholesterol and blood pressure levels to ensure that lifestyle
modifications are working
(http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/metabolic%20syndrome/DS00522)
.

People with Syndrome X need some insight and education on how to exercise
while get
ting results. The body is programmed differently in the way it burns fuel and
stores fat. It can be frustrating for a person who works out hard and intense never seeing
any results. Education and awareness is the first step

needed in order to get results.

Nutrition is one of the main keys to the answer as well.

Change in lifestyle, with specific avoidance of substance abuse, smoking
cessation, and reduced intake of caffeine and simple sugars. Behavior modification,
including a change in eating patterns and

amounts of various foodstuffs eaten. A
modified low carbohydrate lifestyle with exclusion of simple sugar is valuable. Food
that does not deliver a high glucose load is preferred (low glycemic index foods).
Exercise matched to the level of the subject’s a
erobic fitness, with medical advice or
advice from professional trainers, recommended before beginning an exercise program
and periodically thereafter. A diet with a reduced intake of simple sugars, salt, and
saturated fat; a controlled protein intake; and

an increased intake of healthy fats, such
as essential fatty acids in fish oil.


(
http://www.power
-
surge.com/educate/holt_syndromex.htm
)
.











































References


Nutrition

http://www.power
-
surge.com/educate/holt_syndromex.h
tml



Treatment

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/metabolic%20syndrome/DS00522



Statistics and risks

http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4756



Classifications and overview

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/Metabolic_Syndrome/hic_
Metabolic_Syndrome.a
spx