CSA Aerospace and High Technology Database Guide

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www.csa.com

Updated: June 2006 by Aimée Leverette












CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Database Guide






2006










www.csa.com

Updated: June 2006 by Aimée Leverette
Table of Contents

1. 10 Reasons to Use CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database.....................1

2. What is the CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database?..............................1

3. Benefits of CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database.................................2

4. CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database Subject Coverage.....................3
Classification Scheme & Subject Headings..........................................................................4

5. Supplemental Complimentary Databases................................................................................6
Recent References Related to Technology...........................................................................6
Web Resources Related to Technology................................................................................6

6. Searchable Fields and Codes.....................................................................................................7
Full-Record View.................................................................................................................7
Table.....................................................................................................................................8
Field Codes Defined.............................................................................................................9

7. Publication Types.....................................................................................................................10

8. Document Delivery..................................................................................................................10

9. Language...................................................................................................................................11

10. Selection and Indexing Policy................................................................................................11

11. Boolean Operators and Other Search Tools...................................................………….....12

12. Ready, Set, Search!
Using the CSA Illumina Platform to Search the CSA Aerospace and High
Technology Research Database ..................................................................................................13
Quick, Advanced, or Command Searching........................................................................13
Limits ............................................................................................................................. 17
Results Page .......................................................................................................................17
Type Tabs...........................................................................................................................18
Sorting Features..................................................................................................................18
Record View……...............................................................................................................18
Print, Save, and E-mail.......................................................................................................18
QuikBib……......................................................................................................................18

13. Value Added Features............................................................................................................19
Thesaurus Search................................................................................................................19
Browse Indexes...................................................................................................................22

14. The Research Process.............................................................................................................23

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CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

10 Reasons to Use the CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research
Database

1. Access to over 2.5 million records.
2. Backfile coverage dating to the early 1960’s, with the earliest publication dating
to the 1940’s. Approximately 50% of its records having publication dates of 1982
or later.
3. Coverage of national and international peer-reviewed journals, international
conferences and government reports.
4. Advanced searching capability of 26 indexed fields.
5. Searching via Browsable Indexes.
6. Thesaurus Searching capability.
7. Ability to cross-search with other CSA Illumina databases using an automatic de-
duping feature.
8. Lateral searching through Authors and Descriptors.
9. Provoked searches of Recent References and Web Resources Related to
Technology databases.
10. Easy citation formatting via QuikBib.
What Is CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database?
The CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database is currently a major
component of the CSA Technology Research Database service. The CSA Aerospace and
High Technology Research Database traces its roots to the first printed index published in
1961, as International Aerospace Abstracts (IAA). IAA was produced in partnership with
AIAA (The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) and NASA’s Scientific
and Technical Information Program. Beginning in 2000 this resource has been published
by CSA. The database has continuously chronicled research and technological findings
through highly selective coverage of a wide variety of sources. The CSA Aerospace and
High Technology Research Database enables researchers, students, librarians,
government agencies, and others to access relevant and timely research in the field of
aerospace and similar technologies.

Sources covered include over 3,000 periodicals, conference proceedings, technical
reports, standards, trade journals/newsletter items, patents, books, and reviews.







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Benefits of the CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

The CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database offers an unparalleled
resource for bibliographic coverage of basic and applied research in aeronautics,
astronautics, and space sciences. The database also covers technology development and
applications in complementary and supporting fields such as chemistry, geosciences,
physics, communications, and electronics. In addition to periodic literature, the database
also includes broad topical scope and coverage of reports issued by NASA, other U.S.
and international government agencies, professional societies, international institutions,
universities, and private firms.


A subscription to CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database:


 Provides online access to a comprehensive overview of leading aerospace and
technology resources
 Ensures quality that users rely on.
 Benefits the user by utilizing the functionality of the award winning CSA
Illumina Platform
 Contains unique material and retrospective coverage not available in other
Indexes
 Helps librarians provide well-balanced information from a variety of viewpoints
and sources











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CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database Subject Coverage
The scope and coverage of the CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database
has been developed with the flexibility to meet the constantly changing information needs
of its users and reflects new and emerging technologies and research developments in
such areas as:
o
Aerodynamics
o
Air Transportation and Safety
o
Aircraft Design and Instrumentation
o
Astrodynamics
o
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
o
Communications and Navigation
o
Cybernetics
o
Documentation and Information Science
o
Earth Resources and Climatology
o
Electronics and Electrical Engineering
o
Energy Production and Conversion
o
Environmental Pollution
o
Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer
o
Geophysics and Earth Resources
o
Instrumentation and Photography
o
Lasers and Masers
o
Life Sciences
o
Materials
o
Mathematical and Computer Sciences
o
Mechanical Engineering
o
Meteorology, Climatology, and Oceanography
o
Military Sciences and Homeland Defense
o
Nanotechnology/Microtechnology
o
Optics
o
Physics: Solid State, Thermodynamics, Atomic and Molecular, Nuclear
and High-Energy, Acoustics, Plasmas
o
Propellants and Fuels
o
Quality Assurance and Reliability
o
Social Sciences
o
Space Sciences
o
Spacecraft Design and Systems Engineering
o
Structural Mechanics
o
Urban Technology and Transportation





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CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database Subject Headings
and Classification Codes

CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database editors strive to facilitate
searching by assigning to each record a unique subject classification code. This
classification scheme was developed jointly with NASA. A complete list of the
Classification Codes appears in the following table grouped by their respective subject
headings. The codes below display in the Classification (CL=) field in a CSA Illumina
record.

As a new term surfaces in the materials being indexed, it is accessible electronically via
free-text searching of the abstract and/or title of the bibliographic record. As its usage in
the literature increases, a term may be established as a Subject Heading and connected to
related terms. Similarly, Subject Headings may be retired as usage of the concept
declines. New terminology for existing concepts may also be established. These Subject
Headings may be used as searchable fields with the Descriptors (DE=) field when
constructing queries (see the Selection and Indexing Policy section for more information).


Aeronautics

1 Aeronautics (General)
2 Aerodynamics
3 Air Transportation and Safety
4 Aircraft Communications and Navigation
5 Aircraft Design, Testing and Performance
6 Aircraft Instrumentation
7 Aircraft Propulsion and Power
8 Aircraft Stability and Control
9 Research and Support Facilities (Air)

Physics

70 Physics (General)
71 Acoustics
72 Atomic and Molecular Physics
73 Nuclear and High-Energy Physics
74 Optics
75 Plasma Physics
76 Solid-State Physics
77 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Astronautics

12 Astronautics (General)
13 Astrodynamics
14 Ground Support Systems and Facilities
(Space)
15 Launch Vehicles and Space Vehicles
16 Space Transportation
17 Space Communications, Spacecraft
Communications, Command and Tracking
18 Spacecraft Design, Testing and Performance
19 Spacecraft Instrumentation
20 Spacecraft Propulsion and Power

Social Sciences

80 Social Sciences (General)
81 Administration and Management
82 Documentation and Information Science
83 Economics and Cost Analysis
84 Law, Political Science and Space Policy
85 Urban Technology and Transportation


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Chemistry and Materials

23 Chemistry and Materials (General)
24 Composite Materials
25 Inorganic and Physical Chemistry
26 Metallic Materials
27 Nonmetallic Materials
28 Propellants and Fuel
29 Materials Processing

Space Sciences

88 Space Sciences (General)
89 Astronomy
90 Astrophysics
91 Lunar and Planetary Exploration
92 Solar Physics
93 Space Radiation

Engineering

31 Engineering (General)
32 Communications and Radar
33 Electronics and Electrical Engineering
34 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer
35 Instrumentation and Photography
36 Lasers and Masers
37 Mechanical Engineering
38 Quality Assurance and Reliability
39 Structural Mechanics

Mathematical and Computer Sciences

59 Mathematical and Computer Sciences
(General)
60 Computer Operations and Hardware
61 Computer Programming Software
62 Computer Systems
63 Cybernetics
64 Numerical Analysis
65 Statistics and Probability
66 Systems Analysis
67 Theoretical Mathematics

Geosciences

42 Geosciences (General)
43 Earth Resources and Remote Sensing
44 Energy Production and Conversion
45 Environment Pollution
46 Geophysics
47 Meteorology and Climatology
48 Oceanography

General

99 General

Life Sciences

51 Life Sciences (General)
52 Aerospace Medicine
53 Behavioral Sciences
54 Man/System Technology and Life Support
55 Space Biology














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Supplemental Complimentary Databases

When you search the CSA Illumina technology databases, including the CSA Aerospace
and High Technology Research Database, two supplementary databases are searched
simultaneously: Recent References Related to Technology and Web Resources. Access to
these databases is included with a subscription to the CSA Aerospace and High
Technology Research Database on CSA Illumina.

Recent References Related to Technology
This service supplements CSA Illumina by providing weekly updates of citations entered
into the Technology Research database’s production system. Citations found here include
searchable fields for article title, author name, and journal title and can be found by
viewing the list of databases selected to search from within the Search Results page by
using the Collapse/Expand button. If the search produces any matches, you will see the
choice for ‘Recent References Related to Technology.’ Citations identified include those
not yet indexed in the CSA Illumina database(s) being searched.

Web Resources
This database is a collection of over 45,000 high-quality web sites relevant to technology,
which are selected and indexed by our editors. Sites indexed include secondary sources
providing specific, technical information of interest to a college-level audience, from
respected, non-biased sources such as educational institutions, government agencies, and
scientific organizations. Also indexed are sites representing primary sources of interest to
technology researchers. The feature can be found as the Web Sites tab, to the right of the
Published Materials tab from within the Search Results page (see below). URLs are
reviewed on a monthly basis, averaging a phenomenal rate of less than 5% dead links.


Web Sites tab containing web resources
Collapse/Expand button

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Searchable Fields and Codes: Full-Record View


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Searchable Fields and Codes: Table

The table below shows field codes and sample search queries with regard to the Full
Record View screen shot on the previous page.
Lane, H., Hanson, M., and Kennedy, B., "Autonomous Walking Inspection and
Maintenance Robot (AWIMR)," Infotech@Aerospoace; Arlington, VA; USA; 26-29
Sept. 2005, Vol. AIAA Paper 2005-6919, American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics.
For more information regarding field codes, click here
.
Note: See Ready, Set, Search! for information and tips on Advanced and Command Searching on
pages 11-13.

Field Name Label Search Examples
Title TI= ti=(autonomous and inspection and robot*)
Author AU= au=(lane, hobson)
au=lane
Affiliation AF= af=(Northrup Grumman)
Source SO= so=(Infotech@Aerospoace 2005)
so=(Infotech@Aerospoace and 2005)
ISSN IS= is=(0146-3705)
Descriptors DE= de=(space robots) de=(autonomous navigation)
de=(robot dynamics) de=(telerobotics)
de=(extravehicular activity) de=(spacecraft maintenance)
de=(robot arms) de=(locomotion)
de=(space crews) de=(systems of systems)
de=(diagnostic systems) de=(prototypes)
de=(microgravity)
de=(health monitoring (engineering))
Abstract AB= ab=((single command uplink cycle) and (microscopic imaging))
ab=(Athena Microscopic Imager Instrument)
Conference CF= cf=(infotech@aerospace 2005)
Publisher PB= pb=(american institute of aeronautics and astronautics)
Report Number RP= rp=(aiaa paper 2005-6919)
rp=(2005-6919)
Language LA= la=English
Publication Year PY= py=2005
Publication Type PT= pt=(conference paper)
Classification CL= cl=(18 Spacecraft Design, Testing and Performance)
cl=18
Update UD= ud=2005
Accession Number AN= an=(A05-18-52610)
Subfile SF= sf=(aerospace & high technology)
References RE= re=(smith, j)
re=((smith, j) and (EVA and lunar strategy))

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Field Codes Defined

The following field codes are found in the records of this database. Here they are listed in
alphabetical order by two-letter code. See Field Codes and Search Examples
for detailed
descriptions and search examples.

AB = Abstract ED = Editor LA = Language PR = Patent Priority
Data
AF = Affiliation EI = Electronic ISSN MC = Material
Classification
PT = Publication Type
AN = Accession
Number
IB = ISBN ML = Material PY = Publication Year
AU = Author IL = Illustrations NR = Number of
References
RE = References
CA = Corporate
Author
IS = ISSN NT = Notes RL = Resource
Location
CF = Conference JC = Journal
Coverage
NU = Other Numbers RP = Report Number
CL = Classification JC = Journal Issue PA = Patent Application
Data
SF = Subfile
DE = Descriptors JN = Journal Name PB = Publisher SO = Source
DO = DOI JV = Journal Volume PC = Patent Country TI = Title
EA = Email Address KW = Keywords PN = Patent Number UD = Update
TIPS
• An ISBN search should be constructed without using hyphens, e.g.
ib=0135052157, whereas an ISSN search should include hyphens and be placed
in parentheses, e.g. is=(0146-3705).
• A Corporate Author (CA=) is the name of the organization that has produced the
original source document. This field is often present when there is no personal
author field. Use the distinctive parts of the name when searching this field and do
not search for designations such as Corp, Co, Company, Ltd. etc., e.g.,
ca=(national aerospace lab), ca=(NASA), or ca=(Astronomical Observatory,
Uppsala (Sweden)).
• The Source field (SO=) contains bibliographic citation information. If the record
describes a journal article, the source field contains both the full title and the
abbreviated journal title. To find the correct form of the abbreviated name, look in
the Serials Source List, which is located in the database’s fact sheet. A source
need not be a journal article. Conference proceedings also frequently populate the
Source field.
• Classification codes and descriptors are broad subject headings that are specific to
the CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database. For example, 27

is
the classification code used to denote that the source document is primarily about
nonmetallic materials. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of much of the material
covered, one record may have several classifications. If you are already familiar
with the database or have a code from a previous search and wish to find similar

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records, place the code or descriptive word(s) in the query box, e.g.
cl=(
27
Nonmetallic Materials
).

• When searching for conference information, use the CF= field, which provides
the name of the conference and where and when it occurred. For faster retrieval,
ignore the common words such as "annual or "annu" or "meeting" and search for
the distinctive elements only, e.g. cf=(lunar and Houston and 2004) when
searching for “Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV,” Houston, TX, Mar. 15-19,
2004.
• In some records, an author's name is followed by an *. This means that the
organization and address in the Author Affiliation field belongs to this author.
You cannot search for this * because the search engine uses this symbol to
truncate words. An Author Affiliation search for the organization can be
conducted using af=(organization name).
Publication Types

CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database editorial staff indexes a
number of broad publication types that are searchable on CSA Illumina by using the field
code PT= . These document types include journal articles, peer reviewed journals,
conferences (technical papers, monographs (which includes books, theses, government
reports, etc.) and websites.

The publication types (PT=) represented in CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database by percentage:

• Journal Article: 42%
• Conferences: 30%
• Reports: 23%
• Websites: 2%
• Other: 3% (Books, Patents, Dissertations)

Document Delivery

Fee-based document delivery for materials cited in the CSA Aerospace and High
Technology Research Database is supplied predominately by the Linda Hall Library. For
document availability, fee schedules, and ordering information, please visit
http://www.lindahall.org/docserv/
or request information via e-mail at
dispatch@lindahall.org
.







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Language


The following languages are indexed in the CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database (see below):

• AFRIKAANS • FINNISH • KOREAN • SERBO-CROATIAN
• ARABIC • FLEMISH • LITHUANIAN • SLOVAK
• ARMENIAN • FRENCH • MACEDONIAN • SLOVENIAN
• BELORUSSIAN • GEORGIAN • MALAY • SPANISH
• BULGARIAN • GERMAN • NEPALI • SWAHILI
• CHINESE • GREEK • NORWEGIAN • SWEDISH
• CROATIAN • HEBREW • PERSIAN • TURKISH
• CZECH • HINDI • POLISH • UKRAINIAN
• DANISH • HUNGARIAN • PORTUGUESE • VIETNAMESE
• DUTCH • INDONESIAN • ROMANIAN

• ENGLISH • ITALIAN • RUSSIAN

• ESTONIAN • JAPANESE • SERBIAN


Selection and Indexing Policy

The inclusion of content in the CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database
is highly selective. Monographs, government documents, and other reports are drawn
from a wide range of print and electronic sources. The journals covered in the database
are defined in three ways:

• INTERNATIONAL – More than 3,000 journals published in over 120 countries
and 48 different languages have been indexed and abstracted by CSA Aerospace
and High Technology Research Database editorial staff. Many titles are
accompanied by a URL to the publisher’s website. A serials coverage list is
alphabetized by title and updated semi-annually.
• PEER-REVIEWED – The CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research
Database defines 'peer-review' or 'refereed' as the role of experts or review boards
in the field of expertise examining the journal articles before acceptance for
publication. It is the process through which experts in the field of study assess the
quality of articles that are submitted to a journal for publication. The database
editorial staff rely upon Ulrich’s, the front matter of the journals included to
determine that it is peer-reviewed, and contact with publishers for verification.
• ELECTRONIC – The CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database
defines full-text journals as those that are published on the Internet and do not
have a print counterpart. Electronic journals have been covered in this database
since 2000 and more are being added annually. Content from these journals can
be downloaded for free or via subscription.

Note: For a complete list of the journals indexed in the database, click here
.

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The indexing practices of the CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database
provide value-added features that include professional document selection, extensive
quality control, and descriptor indexing. Descriptors are assigned using the CSA
Aerospace and High Technology Research Database Subject Headings list found on
pages 4 and 5, and provide access to the test concepts and trends in the literature through
this list of subject headings. As new terms emerge in the materials being indexed, we
insure that it is immediately searchable electronically by including it in the abstract of the
bibliographic record.

Boolean Operators and Other Search Tools Supported by CSA Illumina

Boolean operators help define the relationships between words or groups of words.

AND Use to narrow a search and retrieve records containing all of the
words it separates

OR Use to broaden a search and retrieve records containing any of the
words it separates

NOT Use to narrow a search and retrieve records that do not contain the
term following it.

( ) Use to group words or phrases when combining Boolean phrases
and to show the order in which relationships should be considered.

Proximity operators identify the number of words to come between the search terms.

WITHIN Use to narrow a search by specifying a proximity relationship of
“X” fewer than “X” words between search terms.

NEAR Use to narrow a search by specifying a proximity relationship of
fewer than 10 words between search terms.

Special symbols can expand the scope of your search.

* Truncate using the wild card symbol. This expands a search term
to include forms of a root word, e.g. satellite* retrieves satellites,
satellite imagery, satellite instruments, satellite configurations, etc.
* Find an unlimited number of characters within a word, e.g.
alumin*um retrieves aluminum and aluminium.
? Find alternative spellings. The ? represents any single character; ??
represents two characters and so on. Use within or at the end of a
word, e.g. wom?n finds woman as well as women.

Note: Search queries containing several operators search in the following order:
( ), NEAR, NOT, AND, OR

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Ready, Set, Search!

Using CSA Illumina to Search CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database

Now that you have an understanding of the CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database and how the searchable field codes and search tools function, you are
now ready to search the database via CSA Illumina.

Note: Clicking on ‘Help & Support’ at any time will direct you to a context-specific Help page.

QUICK, ADVANCED, OR COMMAND SEARCHING
On CSA Illumina, search strategies can be applied using one of three approaches.

• Quick Search restricts your search to anywhere (AY=). An anywhere search
searches across all of the available fields in a record. Multiple words entered into
the search field, will be treated as a phrase (see below).




• Advanced Search gives you the advantage of being able to select any of the 21
field codes from a pull-down menu. The separate search boxes are formatted to
include the Boolean Operators to help guide you in formatting your search (see
below).

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For users whose subscription package includes the Community of Scholars database,
All, Published Works, and Scholars Type Tabs will be displayed and allow the user to
select to search both Published Works and Scholar profiles, or to search one to the
exclusion of the other (see below). The All tab enables a search of both published
works and scholar profiles, but limits the search limiters to database(s) selection and
date range (see below).



All tab selected

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The Published Works tab performs searches only for published materials, such as
journal articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings, etc. This tab includes a
full range of limiters: Database(s) selection, Date Range, Latest Update, Journal
Articles Only, English Only, Show (display format) options, and Results Per Page
options (see below).



The Scholars tab will be displayed and provides access to profiles of active academic
scholars are provided as a supplemental resource to enhance your research. Click on
the Scholars tab in the top row of resources across the top of your search results to
access scholar profiles searching exclusive of searching for Published Works. Click
here
for more information.

The Scholars tab enables the user to search only for Scholar Profiles. The pull-down
menu of searchable fields contains a limited number of fields: Anywhere, Keywords,
Title, Interests, Abstract, Scholar Name, and Affiliation. The Community of Scholars
database is automatically selected and searches more than 1 million active researchers
working in over 200 disciplines and 8 countries. A selection may be made to search
an “Unlimited” number of countries or a user may select a single country or set of
countries to be searched. To select multiple countries, press the “Ctrl” key and click
on the countries to be searched (see below).

Published Works tab selected

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• Command Search or Professional Search may be preferred by advanced users
who are comfortable entering search strategies that include field codes and
nesting or parsing commands without aid of a template (see below).



Note: Searches are not
case sensitive.

Scholars tab selected

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LIMITS
Search strategies may be refined by using the following limits (available in ‘Advanced
Search’ and ‘Command Search’):

• Latest Update limits your results to include only the most recent records that were
added to the database. The CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research
Database is updated on a monthly basis.
• Journal Articles Only limits the search to only include the publication type of
journal articles.
• English Only limits retrieval to only records that are available in English. The
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database indexes source
publications in 48 languages; for non-English documents, titles are translated into
English, and, whenever possible, an abstract is provided in English.
• By Publication Date limits retrieval to a specific date range.

RESULTS PAGE



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TYPE TABS
CSA has classified the content with the CSA Social Services Abstracts database as
Published Works and Web Sites.

• Published Works is the results page default and includes thirteen publication
types: Journals, Peer-reviewed Journals, Conferences, Books, Chapters/Essays,
Book reviews, Reports, Dissertations, Patents, Maps, Catalogs, News, Other.
These categories are not mutually exclusive, e.g. a peer-reviewed journal would
also be included in the journals publication type category.
• The Web Sites tab contains websites that have been carefully selected and
reviewed by CSA’s editorial staff and include useful portions of academic,
governmental, technical, and scientific web resources.

Note: If your organization subscribes to the Community of Scholars database, you will also see a
Scholars tab located between the Published Works and Web Sites tabs.

SORTING
The sorting features give you the opportunity to order your results based on the
publication date or relevancy.

• Most Recent First displays the records in order beginning with the most recent.
• Relevance Rank displays records in order based on relevancy. Relevancy is
determined through a rating system that weighs the records based on the number
of times the term(s) appear in the record and where they appear.

SHOWING RECORDS
Select how to display records from the ‘Show’ pull-down menu. Options include
displaying the short format, full format, full format-omit references, and custom format.

DUPLICATE RECORDS
CSA Illumina automatically removes any duplicate records, or ‘de-dupes’, that may
appear in your set of results, displaying only the most complete record. You can use the
‘Show Duplicates’ feature to display the duplicates. This is especially useful when you
are cross-database searching.

VIEWING RECORDS
When viewing records on CSA Illumina notice that both the author and descriptors are
hyperlinked. Clicking on the hyperlink will search the database for each occurrence of the
selected author or descriptor.

PRINTING, SAVING, and E-MAILING RECORDS
Printing, saving, and e-mailing records can be done by using the ‘Save, Print, E-mail’
function. This function also includes an exporting feature to a number of bibliographic
managers such as RefWorks
and the use of our output format editor, QuikBib.



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Value-Added Features

CSA Illumina offers a number of value-added features to help with the search process
and maximize the relevancy of search results.

THESAURUS SEARCH
Using the NASA Thesaurus, you can search the CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database directly for terms via an A-Z, a hierarchical, or a rotated index
display. These display formats allow you to navigate the thesaurus alphabetically,
through hierarchical relationships between terms, or using the rotated (permuted) index.
After finding the appropriate terms, you can search for those terms in the database using
the Thesaurus Search Feature within the Search Tools tab.

• The Alphabetical display presents an alphabetical list of thesaurus terms (see
below).




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• The Hierarchy display shows a terms and its hierarchy, including its Scope and
History Notes, its unique alphanumeric code, any Use For (UF) or Use directions,
and its hierarchical relationships with Broader Terms (BT), Narrower Terms
(NT), and Related Terms (RT) (see below).





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• The Rotated Index displays all thesaurus terms or phrases that contain the search
term used (see below).



Note: Remembered (or Marked) Terms can be selected and searched from any of the displays,
applying AND, OR, or Explode operators, and setting limits as defined above.



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BROWSABLE INDEXES
A browsable index is an alphabetical listing of terms used in a specific field of a
database. You can browse this list to see, for example, various spellings of author names,
what types of publications are covered by a particular database, or the names of journals
indexed in a certain database. After finding appropriate terms, you can then submit a
search for those terms.

Searches may also be activated through three browsable indexes:
Author, Journal Name, and Publication Type in both the CSA Aerospace and High
Technology Research Database Browsable Index. Once the appropriate author name,
journal name, or publication type is located, you can search directly in the database using
the Indexes Search Feature within the Search Tools tab (see below).


Notice the multiple variations of the author name.
Search all instances to find every article by this
author.
Notice the misspelling of the same author’s name.
Add this to the marked names list to find every
article by this author.

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The Research Process

I) How to begin the electronic research process

A. Determine your goals:
1. State your research question:
"What are the current and future technologies being used for space
exploration and spacecraft maintenance?"

2. Set parameters for your search (i.e., technology type, geographical location,)
"What types of mechanisms and systems are going to be analyzed
(space robots, telerobotics, robotics, autonomous navigation, etc.)?"

"What functionalities, modes, or methods are to be included in the
research (spacecraft maintenance, extravehicular activity, robot arms,
microgravity, locomotion, etc.)?"

"What dates are to be set as parameters for this research, and is this
time frame flexible?"

B. Identify general concepts:
Which general terms relate to your search?

"space robots"; "extravehicular navigation"; "autonomous
navigation"; "spacecraft maintenance"; “robot dynamics”

C. Choose the appropriate database
1. Are there specific journals, conferences, or publications that specialize in my area
of interest?

Acta Astronautica
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)
Proceedings of SPIE
Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics

2. Are any of these journals covered in the CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database or SAGE full-text collection database(s)? What other resources
are available in the Web Resources Database?

II) Build your search strategy:

A. Quick search:
1. Enter phrase or multiple search terms separated by Boolean operators AND to
link terms, OR to link similar words or synonyms:


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Updated: June 2006 by Aimée Leverette
"autonomous navigation and inspection" or enter "space robots and
extravehicular activity or spacecraft maintenance" in the Quick Search
box

Note: Consult thesauri for proper use of terms. For example, use "artificial intelligence"
"machine recognition"; use "automation" instead of "instrumental analysis."

B. Advanced Search:
The drop boxes allow you to limit the search by any of the searchable field codes
including Keyword (KW), Author (AU), Journal Name (JN), Descriptor (DE), Abstract
(AU), or Title (TI). You can also limit your search to specific publication years and
choose the record format. The descriptor field (DE) and abstract field (AB) will allow
you to narrow down your search even more by locating specific descriptors and key
words in the abstract.
Example: If I wanted to limit my search to Chinese...
DE=(robot or robot dynamics) and KW=(autonomous navigation)
and LA=Chinese
III) Analyzing Results

A. Good results:
If results are satisfactory, then Save, Print, E-mail citations, download them to a
bibliographic manager such as RefWorks, or output them via CSA's QuikBib, which
allows CSA Illumina users to easily generate a bibliography of selected database
records in eight of the most popular bibliographic styles. The available bibliographic
styles are:

• AMA (American Medical Association), 9th Edition
• APA (American Psychological Association), 5th Edition
• APA (American Psychological Association), 5th Edition - Annotated with Abstracts
• ASA (America Sociological Association), 2nd Edition
• Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Edition - Author-Date System
• Council of Biology Editors – CBE 6th, Citation Sequence
• Council of Biology Editors – CBE 6th, Name-Year Sequence
• Harvard
• Harvard – British Standard
• MLA, 6th Edition
• MLA, 6th Edition - With subscriber information
• Turabian, 6th Edition - Reference List
• Uniform - Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals

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The ‘Save, Print, Email’ feature is located at the top of the results page following the
‘Mark or Clear all on page’ and ‘Update Marked List’ links (see below).



B. If results are not on target:
1. Check spelling
of search terms and use thesauri or browsable indexes to drop
unnecessary or misleading terms.
2. Increase precision
: for example, if you want to emphasize the use of satellite
imagery in space exploration then you may have to search satellite imagery as a
descriptor (DE) or word in the title of the article instead of by keyword (KW).
Also, lunar roving vehicles may be more specific than just roving vehicles.
3. You may need to rethink whether the database you selected is appropriate for
your search.

C. Too few/too many results:
1. Increase retrieval
by using fewer ANDs and more ORs

DE=((autonomous navigation) or (robot*) or (inspection))

2. Increase precision
by using additional ANDs and fewer ORs (NOT can be used to
exclude some terms)

DE=((autonomous navigation) and (robot*) and (inspection))