LOT 27 - Uninterruptible Power Supplies - UPS Second Stakeholder Questionnaire

beigecakeΠολεοδομικά Έργα

16 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

82 εμφανίσεις

1
/
19



Ecodesign Preparatory Study for

DG Energy
-

ENER/C3/413
-
2010







LOT 27
-

Uninterruptible Power Supplies
-

UPS


Second

Stakeholder Questionnaire

















2
/
19

1

Objective of this questionnaire

This is the
second

of two questionnaires
. It
seeks information, views and comments
on
s
pecific produc
t
s, in particular
information
regarding technical and market
parameters, bill of materials, use phase resource consumption, maintenance and
end of life
for the following types of product:



Standby (VFD) UPS 0
-
1kVA



Line Interactive (VI) UPS above 1
-
4kVA



Line Interactive (VI) and On Line
(VFI) UPS above 4
-
10kVA



Line Interactive (VI) and On Line (VFI) UPS above 10kVA

The

product specific

information
provided
in Section 3
should

be based
on

current

‘average’ products
, for example the ‘average’ best seller in terms of unit sales.


A separate
questionnaire should be completed for
each individual product

that
you are able to provide information on.

The submission of any additional
information, such as data sheets, relevant research studies etc. will be greatly
appreciated

and can be submitted as

separate document
s
.

The information provided will be used develop a number of base cases which will be
used to
consider the environmental impacts of UPS by using the EcoReport life cycle
assessment tool

developed for use in Preparatory Studies.
This will

form part of the
second workshop discussions, which is expected to take place early 2013.
Further
background information regarding the
project is

available on the project website:
http://www.ecoups.org/


Section 4 of the questionnaire asks for information on current best available
technology
(BAT)
and best not
yet

available technology

(BNAT)
, which will be used
to help inform the improvement potential of UPS.

All responses received through this questionnai
re will be treated as confidential. Any
publication will be restricted to data in an aggregated format only and comments will
not be attributable unless this is specifically requested. Where necessary the project
team will be able to enter into a non
-
discl
osure agreement where, for example,
sensitive information has to be exchanged, between the project group and
stakeholder, to qualify the background data and comments. Please contact the
project manager
Ste
phanie.boulos@aeat.co.uk

or 0044 870 190 2831
to discuss
further such agreement.

Please could you respond to this questionnaire as soon as possible
, a
nd no later
than
the
21st of

December

2012
?

If you require any further information before you complete
this questionnaire, please
contact us.

It is not necessary to, delay the return of, or not return, the questionnaire
if all sections
cannot

be completed. Any informed input is important to the project.

Please could you e
-
mail your questionnaire, related data, or a response to specific
parts of it, to:
ecoups@aeat.co.uk

or Fax to: +44 (0) 870 190 6318.

If you send us back the questionnaire in pdf format for referen
ce we would like to ask
you to send us an additional copy as a Word file that is easier to use when collating
the responses.



3
/
19


2

Company/organisation

2.1

Please provide your contact details below:

Detail


Title (Mr, Mrs, Ms, Dr etc)


First Name


Surname


Job title/Position


Company/Organisation Name


Type of Organisation

(
Manufacturer
, Retailer,

Trade
Association, NGO, Other (please
specify)


Website


Address


Postal Code


Country


Telephone Number


Email


















4
/
19

3

Product
Specific
Questions

3.1

Please indicate which product case is covered by this questionnaire by ticking
the appropriate box (tick one only) in
table 1
.

Instruction
s

to fill
in
the
following
table
s
:



Product specific information is sought for the product cases (UPS types) listed
in the table below.



The specific product information provided should be for an
average/typical

product

that is representative of current volume market products.



Information o
n best available technology products
should not be

included at
this stage.



A separate questionnaire
(
i.e. questions 3.1 to 3.18
)
should be
completed for each product on which information is provided.

Table 1: Identify which product case yo
u are supplying i
nformation for

Product Case



UPS

Type

Qualifying Notes

tick only
one

Standby (VFD)


0
-
1kVA

It is
assumed

these
types of UPS

are not maintained during
their lifetime e.g. batteries are not replaced and
the batteries
are internal within the UPS.


T
he UPS is replaced as necessary once it no longer meets
required performance.


Line Interactive
(VI) UPS above 1
-
4kVA

It is assumed these types of UPS will be maintained
throughout their lifetime e.g. batteries replaced
. Batteries may
be internal within
the UPS or external within a separate battery
pack. It is assumed that these will be mainly single phase
UPS.


Line Interactive
(VI) and On Line
(VFI) UPS above
4
-
10kVA

It is assumed these types of UPS will be maintained
throughout their lifetime e.g. batteries replaced. Batteries may
be internal within the UPS or external within a separate battery
pack. It is assumed that these will include both single and
three phase UP
S.


Line Interactive
(VI) and On Line
(VFI) UPS above
10kVA

It is assumed these types of UPS will be maintained
throughout their lifetime e.g. batteries replaced
. Batteries will
generally be external
within a separate battery pack. It is
assumed that thes
e will include both single and three phase
UPS.









5
/
19

3.2

For the product case (UPS type) identified in
question

3.1, please provide
product specific details in the table below.

Parameter

Response

Model name/number


Rating (kVA/KW)


UPS Type


standby
, line
interactive or on
line


Single or three phase

UPS


Battery Technology Type e
.g. Lead acid,
Lithium Ion etc.


Are the batteries in
ternal or external to the
UPS?


Does the UPS have a fixed rating or can it
be used as part of a modular system?


Standard warr
anty length (years)


Product image attached (Yes/No)


Additional information attached e.g. data
sheet, user manual, environ
mental product
declaration etc.


Other product characteristics / comments
(
provide details as appropriate)


Year of
introduct
ion to market


Country of manufacture

/ final assembly


Consumer Produ
ct Price (Euros, excluding
VAT)


Sales

destination (EU, non
-
EU, both)


Estimated Product Lifetime












6
/
19

3.3

Please provide data on the materials used to
construct the
product identified
in Section 3.2 and

its packaging by following the instructions below.

Instructions



The table below has been structured
using the key UPS components i.e
.
casing, battery
, electronic, wiring and packaging

with relevant EcoReport
material c
ategory and codes identified.

Additional components can be added
where appropriate at the end of the table.





If a material is not
covered by the codes
listed in
the table below
or
Annex 1,
please

use the ‘other’ category and provide a full description of
the material in
question.



Where exact weights are not known an estimate should be provided, either by
weight or as a percentage of the total product weight. Where the later is
provided, the total weight of the product (excluding packaging) should also be
provided.




If you have the required information already available in your own format, then
please feel free to provide this
instead of completing the table below.



Parameter

Response

Total weight of the product excluding packaging
(kg)


Total weight of
the packaging per product (kg)


Total volume of the packaged product (m
3
)


Component
Description

EcoReport
Material
Category

EcoReport Material Code
(see Annex 1)

Weight per
product

(kg or % of
total weight)

Made of
recycled
material
(in%)

Casing

1
-
BlkPlastics

1
-
LDPE




2
-
HDPE




3
-
LLDPE




4
-
PP




5
-
PS




6
-
EPS




7
-
HI
-
PS




8
-
PVC




9
-
SAN




10
-
ABS







2
-
TecPlastics

11
-
PA 6




12
-
PC




13
-
PMMA




14
-
Epoxy




15
-
Rigid PUR




16
-
Flex PUR




17
-
Talcum filler




18
-
E
-
glass fibre




19
-
Aramid fibre








20
-
all plastic parts







7
/
19

3
-
Ferro

21
-
St sheet galv.




22
-
St tube/profile




23
-
Cast iron




24
-
Ferrite




25
-
Stainless 18/8 coil







4
-
Non
-
ferro

26
-
Al sheet/extrusion




27
-
Al diecast




28
-
Cu winding wire




29
-
Cu wire




30
-
Cu tube/sheet




31
-
CuZn38 cast




32
-
ZnAl4 cast




33
-
MgZn5 cast








34
-
foundries Fe/Cu/Zn




35
-
foundries Al




36
-
sheetmetal plant




37
-
sheetmetal scrap







5
-
Coating

38
-
pre
-
coating coil




39
-
powder coating




40
-
Cu/Ni/Cr plating




41
-
Au/Pt/Pd







6
-
Electronics

42
-
LCD per m2 scrn




43
-
CRT per m2 scrn




44
-
big caps & coils




45
-
slots / ext. ports




46
-
IC's avg., 5% Si, Au




47
-
IC's avg., 1%
Si




48
-
SMD/ LED's avg.




49
-
PWB 1/2 lay 3.75kg/m2




50
-
PWB 6 lay 4.5 kg/m2




51
-
PWB 6 lay 2 kg/m2




52
-
Solder SnAg4Cu0.5




98
-
controller board








PWB assembly







7
-
Misc.

54
-
Glass for lamps




55
-
Bitumen




56
-
Cardboard




57
-
Office paper




58
-
Concrete







Others, please
specify








Battery

1
-
BlkPlastics

1
-
LDPE




2
-
HDPE




3
-
LLDPE




4
-
PP




5
-
PS




6
-
EPS




7
-
HI
-
PS



8
/
19


8
-
PVC




9
-
SAN




10
-
ABS







2
-
TecPlastics

11
-
PA 6




12
-
PC




13
-
PMMA




14
-
Epoxy




15
-
Rigid PUR




16
-
Flex PUR




17
-
Talcum filler




18
-
E
-
glass fibre




19
-
Aramid fibre








20
-
all plastic parts







3
-
Ferro

21
-
St sheet galv.




22
-
St tube/profile




23
-
Cast iron




24
-
Ferrite




25
-
Stainless 18/8 coil







4
-
Non
-
ferro

26
-
Al sheet/extrusion




27
-
Al diecast




28
-
Cu winding wire




29
-
Cu wire




30
-
Cu tube/sheet




31
-
CuZn38 cast




32
-
ZnAl4 cast




33
-
MgZn5 cast








34
-
foundries Fe/Cu/Zn




35
-
foundries Al




36
-
sheetmetal plant




37
-
sheetmetal scrap







5
-
Coating

38
-
pre
-
coating coil




39
-
powder coating




40
-
Cu/Ni/Cr plating




41
-
Au/Pt/Pd







6
-
Electronics

42
-
LCD per m2 scrn




43
-
CRT per m2 scrn




44
-
big
caps & coils




45
-
slots / ext. ports




46
-
IC's avg., 5% Si, Au




47
-
IC's avg., 1% Si




48
-
SMD/ LED's avg.




49
-
PWB 1/2 lay 3.75kg/m2




50
-
PWB 6 lay 4.5 kg/m2




51
-
PWB 6 lay 2 kg/m2




52
-
Solder SnAg4Cu0.5




98
-
controller board








PWB assembly







9
/
19

7
-
Misc.

54
-
Glass for lamps




55
-
Bitumen




56
-
Cardboard




57
-
Office paper




58
-
Concrete







Others, please
specify








Electronics
(PCB)

1
-
BlkPlastics

1
-
LDPE




2
-
HDPE




3
-
LLDPE




4
-
PP




5
-
PS




6
-
EPS




7
-
HI
-
PS




8
-
PVC




9
-
SAN




10
-
ABS







2
-
TecPlastics

11
-
PA 6




12
-
PC




13
-
PMMA




14
-
Epoxy




15
-
Rigid PUR




16
-
Flex PUR




17
-
Talcum filler




18
-
E
-
glass fibre




19
-
Aramid fibre








20
-
all plastic
parts







3
-
Ferro

21
-
St sheet galv.




22
-
St tube/profile




23
-
Cast iron




24
-
Ferrite




25
-
Stainless 18/8 coil







4
-
Non
-
ferro

26
-
Al sheet/extrusion




27
-
Al diecast




28
-
Cu winding wire




29
-
Cu wire




30
-
Cu tube/sheet




31
-
CuZn38 cast




32
-
ZnAl4 cast




33
-
MgZn5 cast








34
-
foundries Fe/Cu/Zn




35
-
foundries Al




36
-
sheetmetal plant




37
-
sheetmetal scrap







5
-
Coating

38
-
pre
-
coating coil




39
-
powder coating




40
-
Cu/Ni/Cr plating




41
-
Au/Pt/Pd



10
/
19





6
-
Electronics

42
-
LCD per m2 scrn




43
-
CRT per m2 scrn




44
-
big caps & coils




45
-
slots / ext. ports




46
-
IC's avg., 5% Si, Au




47
-
IC's avg., 1% Si




48
-
SMD/ LED's avg.




49
-
PWB 1/2 lay 3.75kg/m2




50
-
PWB 6 lay

4.5 kg/m2




51
-
PWB 6 lay 2 kg/m2




52
-
Solder SnAg4Cu0.5




98
-
controller board








PWB assembly







7
-
Misc.

54
-
Glass for lamps




55
-
Bitumen




56
-
Cardboard




57
-
Office paper




58
-
Concrete







Others, please
specify








Wiring


1
-
BlkPlastics

1
-
LDPE




2
-
HDPE




3
-
LLDPE




4
-
PP




5
-
PS




6
-
EPS




7
-
HI
-
PS




8
-
PVC




9
-
SAN




10
-
ABS







2
-
TecPlastics

11
-
PA 6




12
-
PC




13
-
PMMA




14
-
Epoxy




15
-
Rigid PUR




16
-
Flex PUR




17
-
Talcum filler




18
-
E
-
glass fibre




19
-
Aramid fibre








20
-
all plastic parts







3
-
Ferro

21
-
St sheet galv.




22
-
St tube/profile




23
-
Cast iron




24
-
Ferrite




25
-
Stainless 18/8 coil







4
-
Non
-
ferro

26
-
Al
sheet/extrusion




27
-
Al diecast



11
/
19


28
-
Cu winding wire




29
-
Cu wire




30
-
Cu tube/sheet




31
-
CuZn38 cast




32
-
ZnAl4 cast




33
-
MgZn5 cast








34
-
foundries Fe/Cu/Zn




35
-
foundries Al




36
-
sheetmetal plant




37
-
sheetmetal
scrap







5
-
Coating

38
-
pre
-
coating coil




39
-
powder coating




40
-
Cu/Ni/Cr plating




41
-
Au/Pt/Pd







6
-
Electronics

42
-
LCD per m2 scrn




43
-
CRT per m2 scrn




44
-
big caps & coils




45
-
slots / ext. ports




46
-
IC's avg., 5% Si,
Au




47
-
IC's avg., 1% Si




48
-
SMD/ LED's avg.




49
-
PWB 1/2 lay 3.75kg/m2




50
-
PWB 6 lay 4.5 kg/m2




51
-
PWB 6 lay 2 kg/m2




52
-
Solder SnAg4Cu0.5




98
-
controller board








PWB assembly







7
-
Misc.

54
-
Glass for lamps




55
-
Bitumen




56
-
Cardboard




57
-
Office paper




58
-
Concrete







Others, please
specify








Packaging


1
-
BlkPlastics

1
-
LDPE




2
-
HDPE




3
-
LLDPE




4
-
PP




5
-
PS




6
-
EPS




7
-
HI
-
PS




8
-
PVC




9
-
SAN




10
-
ABS







2
-
TecPlastics

11
-
PA 6




12
-
PC




13
-
PMMA




14
-
Epoxy



12
/
19


15
-
Rigid PUR




16
-
Flex PUR




17
-
Talcum filler




18
-
E
-
glass fibre




19
-
Aramid fibre








20
-
all plastic parts







3
-
Ferro

21
-
St sheet galv.




22
-
St tube/profile




23
-
Cast iron




24
-
Ferrite




25
-
Stainless 18/8 coil







4
-
Non
-
ferro

26
-
Al sheet/extrusion




27
-
Al diecast




28
-
Cu winding wire




29
-
Cu wire




30
-
Cu tube/sheet




31
-
CuZn38 cast




32
-
ZnAl4 cast




33
-
MgZn5 cast








34
-
foundries Fe/Cu/Zn




35
-
foundries Al




36
-
sheetmetal plant




37
-
sheetmetal scrap







5
-
Coating

38
-
pre
-
coating coil




39
-
powder coating




40
-
Cu/Ni/Cr plating




41
-
Au/Pt/Pd







7
-
Misc.

56
-
Cardboard




57
-
Office paper




58
-
Concrete







Others, please
specify








Others,
please
specify






























3.4

Please

provide any other comments or feedback
regarding bill of materials for
the purposes

of this ecodesign study for the product or its packaging below:



13
/
19

3.5

Please provide information relating to
energy performance and consumption

in the use phase for the product identified in question 3.2 using the table
below.
(Please provide supporting
information where available e.g. test reports, user
behaviour studies etc).

3.6

Please prov
ide
information in relation to
the
batteries used in the product
identified

in question
3.2 using the table below.

3.7

Where available, please provide information relating to power quality
characteristics for the product
identified in question 3.2 using the table below.

UPS Energy Performance

Response

Active Power (kW)


Apparent Power (kVA)


Tested loading levels (%) i.e. 25, 50, 75, 100%


Conversion efficiency at the different tested loading
levels (%)


Energy losses associated with active power at 50% of nominal
power (kWh/year)


Any other relevant information in relation to energy performance


Battery Information

Response

Battery runtime (half and full load
-

minutes)


Battery recharge time (hours)


Battery recharge frequency


How frequently is the battery deliberately discharged and then fully
recharged

as part of maintenance cycles?


Trickle charge power requirement

(watts/hour)


Any other relevant information in relation to batteries


Power Quality Characteristics

Response

Filtering of outages (>X ms)


Filtering of voltage interruptions (>X ms)


Filtering of over
-

and undervoltages (>X ms)


Filtering of voltage sags/brownouts (>X ms)


Filtering of harmonic voltages


Filtering of frequency variations (>X ms)


Filtering of fast transients (< X%U
N
)


Filtering of energy loaded transients (< X%U
N
)


Power factor and Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) at nominal
power with resistive load
(%)


Power factor and THD at nominal power with non
-
linear load (%)


Power factor and THD at asymmetric non
-
linear load (%)


14
/
19

3.8

Please provide any information you have available regarding the typical
amount of time the UPS will spend at the different load levels/in different
operation modes.
This information is important to enable a typical user profile to be
developed and will be
used to help estimate UPS energy consumption.

3.9

Please provide any other comments or feedback regarding resource
consumption in the use phase, in particular any information you have available
regarding ‘real
-
life’ use.

3.10

For the example
product
identified in Section 3.2, please

provide details of the
specific maintenance requirements or servicing schedule.

Is a maintenance
contract with the UPS system installers/suppliers a typical maintenance
solution?

3.11

Please
provide details of
battery repla
cement during the lifetime of the product
identified in question 3.2, with an indication of frequency e.g. are they changed
on a fixed cycle e.g. every 3 years.

3.12

Please provide
details of any
other
components that will need to be replaced
during the lifetime of the product identified in question 3.2, with an indication
of
the
frequency.

















15
/
19

3.13

Please
provide details of any
typical repairs that are undertaken during the
lifetime of the product.

3.14

Please provide any other comments or
feedback regarding maintenance in the
use phase, in particular any information you have available regarding ‘real
-
life’
maintenance practices.


3.15

For the example product identified in question 3.2, please complete the
following table regarding end of
life practices for the different EcoReport
material categories used to manufacture the UPS.














UPS

Blk Plastics

TecPlastics

Ferro

Non Ferro

Coating

Electronics

Miscellaneous

Other (please
specify)

Fraction to re
-
use (%)










Fraction to recycling (%)










Fraction to heat recovery (%)










Fraction to
non
-
recovery
incineration (%)









Fracti
on to landfill/missing/
fugitive
(%)









16
/
19

3.16

Please provide information in relation to end of life practices for batteries
using the following
table.


3.17

Please provide any details regarding take back schemes for UPS and/or
batteries.

This should include details regarding the number or proportion of
products/batteries return
via these schemes, which categories of UPS/batteries they
cover and any projections on their future use.






3.18

Please provide any other comments or feedback regarding end of life
practices, in particular any information you have available regarding
‘real
-
life’
end of life practices.




Batteries

Blk Plastics

TecPlastics

Ferro

Non Ferro

Coating

Electronics

Miscellaneous

Other (please
specify)

Fraction to re
-
use (%)










Fraction to recycling (%)










Fraction to heat recovery (%)










Fraction to
non
-
recovery
incineration (%)









Fraction to landfill / missing / fugitive
(%)













17
/
19

4

Best Available Technology (BAT) and Best Not yet
Available Technology (BNAT)

BAT and BNAT within the
context

of this study are defined below

and should be
used when providing information for the purposes of this study
. The information will
be used to help inform the improvement potential
of UPS.

Definitions
:



Best available technology (BAT) is defined as the currently available
technology, whi
ch is expected to be introduced at product level within two to
three years.



B
est not yet available technology (BNAT) is defined as the technology that is
in the research and development stage and not yet ready for large
-
scale
implementation.

The project te
am understands that
responses to these questions
could potentially
include commercially sensitive information. As

mentioned before
, a

Non
-
Disclosure
Agreement can be put in place if required. Please contact the project manager to
discuss further (
Stephanie.boulos@aeat.co.uk
).

4.1

Please provide information relating to
BAT

for UPS.
This may include, but not
be limited to information regarding
example products, modular systems,
battery types, other components, s
mart controls

etc.






4.2

Please provide information relating to
BNAT

for UPS. This may include, but not
be limited to information regarding
developments in product types,
modular
systems, battery types, other components, smart controls etc.





4.3

Please provide any other additional information regarding future best practice,
for example in relation to UPS sizing and installation, the use of smart controls
during the use phase and reuse and recycling options at end of life etc.






18
/
19

5

Other
Environmental Impacts

5.1

Please provide any other comments or feedback regarding other
environmental impacts of UPS products. For example, direct emissions,
pollution through physical effects (vibration, electromagnetic fields), noise etc.





6

Any other
information / comments

6.1

Please provide any other comments or feedback regarding UPS products as
appropriate.





Completed questionnaires and any other information should be emailed to:

ecoups@aeat.co.uk

Thank you for your time in providing us with information, which will be used in this
study.

19
/
19

Annex 1


EcoReport Material Categories and Codes


EcoReport Category

EcoReport Material Code Description


EcoReport Category

EcoReport Material Code Description

1
-
BlkPlastics


1
-
LDPE


OEM manufacturing

34
-
foundries Fe/Cu/Zn

2
-
HDPE


35
-
foundries Al

3
-
LLDPE


36
-
sheetmetal plant

4
-
PP


37
-
sheetmetal scrap

5
-
PS


5
-
Coating

38
-
pre
-
coating coil

6
-
EPS


39
-
powder coating

7
-
HI
-
PS


40
-
Cu/Ni/Cr plating

8
-
PVC


41
-
Au/Pt/Pd

9
-
SAN


6
-
Electronics

42
-
LCD per m2 scrn

10
-
ABS


43
-
CRT per m2 scrn

2
-
TecPlastics

11
-
PA 6


44
-
big caps & coils

12
-
PC


45
-
slots / ext. ports

13
-
PMMA


46
-
IC's avg., 5% Si, Au

14
-
Epoxy


47
-
IC's avg., 1% Si

15
-
Rigid PUR


48
-
SMD/ LED's avg.

16
-
Flex PUR


49
-
PWB 1/2 lay 3.75kg/m2

17
-
Talcum filler


50
-
PWB 6 lay 4.5 kg/m2

18
-
E
-
glass fibre


51
-
PWB 6 lay 2 kg/m2

19
-
Aramid fibre


52
-
Solder SnAg4Cu0.5

OEM manufacturing*

20
-
all plastic parts


98
-
controller board

3
-
Ferro

21
-
St sheet galv.


Electronics OEM manufacturing

PWB assembly

22
-
St tube/profile


7
-
Misc.

54
-
Glass
for lamps

23
-
Cast iron


55
-
Bitumen

24
-
Ferrite


56
-
Cardboard

25
-
Stainless 18/8 coil


57
-
Office paper

4
-
Non
-
ferro

26
-
Al sheet/extrusion


58
-
Concrete

27
-
Al diecast


Notes:

OEM is referred to any component made by a second company and
used in the product


28
-
Cu winding wire


29
-
Cu wire


30
-
Cu tube/sheet


31
-
CuZn38 cast


32
-
ZnAl4 cast


33
-
MgZn5 cast