Is there anything not caused by wind farms? A list of diseases and ...

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16 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Is there anything
not

caused by wind farms?


A

list of
diseases and
symptoms

in humans and animals

said to be caused by wind
turbines
:


Teresa Simon
et
t
i, Sydney Medical School,

Prof Simon Chapman, School of Public Health

University of Sydney


Note to readers. We hope to expand this ever
-
growing list of
claims made about health
problems in humans and animals that windfarm opponents attribute to exposure to wind
turbines. If you are aware of any extra claims, please send them with hyperlinks to
simon.chapman@sydney.edu.au



63 and growing!
Last updated
28

Feb 2012




Anxiety and panic disorder

(
http://www.savewesternny.org/doc
s/pierpont_testimony.html
)



Atherosclerosis

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Bowel cancer
(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Brain tumours
(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/docu
ments/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Cancer

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Respo
nses.pdf
)



Cardiovascular disease

(
http://www.windvigilance.com/about
-
adverse
-
health
-
effects/physiological
-
health
-
and
-
wind
-
turbines#_
edn2
)



Chest pain

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Chickens
hatching with crossed beaks


http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Childhood behavioural problems
(
https://ch1prd0102.outlook.com/owa/redir.asp
x?C=V_4qLZGhTUezJxGRgldbabmtxzI1y
c4IJOMzqXCrhpYcrcYqfdj4B7
-
J5axOpRZFtBFTNW4Pp9o.&URL=http%3a%2f%2fwww.healthywindwisconsin.com%2fO
ntario%2520Health%2520Survey%2520Abstract%2520Results%2520and%2520Respons
es.pdf
)



Cold sores

(herpes)

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Colon cancer

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Depression

(
htt
p://www.windvigilance.com/about
-
adverse
-
health
-
effects/mental
-
health
-
and
-
wind
-
turbines
)



Deaths, yes, many deaths “
These extensive studies report numerous serious illnesses
and, yes, many deaths, mainly from unusual cancers.
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/



Diabetes

(
http://www.next
-
up.org/pdf/Magda_Havas_EHS_Biological_Effets_Electricity_Emphasis_Diabetes_Multi
ple_Sclerosis.pdf
)



Diabetes type 1

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/docu
ments/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Diarrhoea

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Re
sponses.pdf
)



Disrupted relationships

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Dizziness

(
htt
p://www.wind
-
watch.org/news/2011/09/21/wind
-
farm
-
ruined
-
our
-
health
-
family
-
suit
-
claims
-
vertigo
-
nausea
-
and
-
sleep
-
loss/
)



Earthworms leave the soil near wind turbines “
seagulls no longer follow the plough in
areas near wind turbines. It has been suggested that

the seagulls have learned that the
worms have all been driven away and that in that area the farmer’s plough will not
bring breakfast to the surface. They must go elsewhere for their food.”


Suggestion is
this effect might be as wide as 18km radius from a

turbine
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/



Ear pain

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Epilepsy

(developing late in li
fe)


(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Exacerbations of chronic disease (e.g. fibromyalgia, scleroderma, diabetes,
hyperthyroidism)

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Excess collagen

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Eye pain

(
ht
tp://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Falls and equilibrium problems

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Frequent urination
http://betterplan.squarespace.com/todays
-
special/2010/6/18/61810
-
whats
-
on
-
the
-
docket
-
for
-
the
-
wind
-
siting
-
council
-
bad
-
vi.html



Gastrointestinal upsets

& indigestion

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Headache and migraine

(
http://www.windvigilance.com/about
-
adverse
-
health
-
effects/physiological
-
health
-
and
-
wind
-
turbines
)



Hearing loss

(
http://www.savewesternny.org/docs/pierpont_testimony.html
)



Hypertension

(
http://54
68964569013158095
-
a
-
1802744773732722657
-
s
-
sites.googlegroups.com/site/windvigilancecom/10
-
05
-
07NissenbaumMONTPELIERdocument.pdf?attachauth=ANoY7crR0ysNervG3Z0COg3Tdg
aL
-
XkxBlQeWIIWJN5GUzr3J
-
CROUTImHoGjoamoQwLt0SRSQ59ItaW1xExXs5a3JvI33x8dADB35N8bqt3Tx5S9d3CT
Nm
7cH7GSZ
-
tShx6wOrOGgqTBeiE7kszCHg6hEZTGo8qFy4P4nBkRBtDgATeNAMsRsAmHVavT4xq9NJf
O0ww_FTuqmtHSJN3y8WmDXL29qMlh8zYtM9w1dDymjLrctJjZ7w%3D&attredirects=0
)



Inability to conceive

http://betterplan.squarespace.com/todays
-
special/2010/6/18/61810
-
whats
-
on
-
the
-
docket
-
for
-
the
-
wind
-
siting
-
council
-
bad
-
vi.html



Joint and

muscle pain

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Loss of energy
(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Lung cancer

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Meniere’s disease

(
http://www.windcows.com/COMPLAINTS.html
)



Malformations in chickens, cattle

-

no eyeballs or tails, cows holding pregnancy only 1
to 2 weeks and then aborting, blood from nostrils, black and white hair coats turning
brown, mastitis, kidney and liver failure

http://betterplan.squarespace.com/todays
-
special/2010/6/18/61810
-
whats
-
on
-
the
-
docket
-
for
-
the
-
wind
-
siting
-
council
-
bad
-
vi.html



Multiple periods (4
-
5) per mon
th
http://betterplan.squarespace.com/todays
-
special/2010/6/18/61810
-
whats
-
on
-
the
-
docket
-
for
-
the
-
wind
-
siting
-
council
-
bad
-
vi.html



Muscle twitches

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Multiple sclerosis

(
http://www.next
-
up.org/pdf/Magda_Havas_EHS_Biological_Effets_Electricity_Emphasis_Diabetes_Multi
ple_Scler
osis.pdf
)



Motion sickness

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/news/2011/09/21/wind
-
farm
-
ruined
-
our
-
health
-
family
-
suit
-
claims
-
vert
igo
-
nausea
-
and
-
sleep
-
loss/



Nausea

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/news/2011/09/21/wind
-
farm
-
ruined
-
our
-
health
-
family
-
suit
-
cla
ims
-
vertigo
-
nausea
-
and
-
sleep
-
loss/
)



Nerve pain & tingling

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
R
esults%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Nerve problems

(
http://www.windcows.com/LIVNINGNEXTTOWINDFARM.html
)



Nosebleeds
(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



“Nonconvulsive mental defects”


http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/



Palpitations
(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Paralysis

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Perforated eardrum
(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Pericardial thickening

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Poor appetite

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Poor concentration and memory

(
http://www.wi
ndvigilance.com/about
-
adverse
-
health
-
effects/mental
-
health
-
and
-
wind
-
turbines
)



Poor wound healing
(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/O
ntario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Rage attacks


http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/



Stomach ulcers

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Stress & irritability

(
http://www.windvigilance.com/about
-
adverse
-
health
-
effects/mental
-
health
-
and
-
wind
-
turbines
)



Stroke

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Tachycardia

(
http://www.goodhuewindtruth.com/LIFE_IN_A_WIND_FARM.html
)



Tinnitus

(
http://www.savewesternny.org/docs/pierpont_testimony.html
)



Vertigo

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/news/2011/09/21/wind
-
farm
-
ruined
-
our
-
health
-
family
-
suit
-
claims
-
vertigo
-
nausea
-
and
-
sleep
-
loss/
)



“Unusual” cancers

http://www.wind
-
watc
h.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/



Vibroacoustic disease

(
http://www.wind
-
watch.org/documents/wind
-
power
-
and
-
ecology/
)



Vomiting up blood
(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Weight gain

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)



Weight loss

(
http://www.healthywindwisconsin.com/Ontario%20Health%20Survey%20Abstract%20
Results%20and%20Responses.pdf
)





Symptom

or disease

Critique
s


Hearing loss
, ear pain,
perforated eardrum


S
ource:

Pierpont
http://www.savewestern
ny.org/docs/pierpont_te
stimony.html



Hearing loss is not known to result from wind turbine noise
(Punch 2010; as cited by
Hanning 2010).




Two major reviews of the evidence suggest that hearing
impairment is not associated with wind turbine exposure
(Massachusetts study, Pedersen 2009).




Another major review concludes that wind turbine exposure
does not damage the human ear (C
hatham
-
Kent Public
Health Unit).




Hearing loss as a result of noise can occur either via a very
brief, but intense, exposure (usually above 130 dBA), or by a
less
-
intense but more chronic exposure (90
-
105 dBA)
(McCunney & Mye
r 2007, as cited by Colby et al

2009). 75
dBA is the cut
-
off below which noise levels are not believed
to pr
oduce hearing loss (Colby et al

2009). This is well above
the permitted sound level for wind turbines (45 dBA).

Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that the noise
emitted by w
ind turbines falls well below levels believed to
cause
any
hearing impairment.


Colby article :

http://199.88.77.35/EFiles/docs/CD/PlanCom/10_0426_IT_1004
16160206.pdf


Massachusetts study
:

http://www.mass.gov/dep/energy/wind/turbine_impact_study.
pdf


Pedersen study :

http://hh.diva
-
portal.org/smash/get/diva2:240110/FULLTEXT01


Chatham
-
Kent Public Health Unit :

http://www.harvestingwindsupport.com/blog/w
p
-
content/uploads/2011/03/Chatham
-
KentHealth
-
and
-
Wind
-
.pdf


Hanning study
:

http://5468964569013158095
-
a
-
1802744773732722657
-
s
-
sites.
googlegroups.com/site/windvigilancecom/Wind_turbine_n
oise_sleep_health_November_2010.pdf?attachauth=ANoY7crhf
jlchL7SKH6AXf76y26
-
9ZXBquxt39DjWY0UbacV6dl3dquKXb0a6m00UaarUL0xhiKaFcjcl
3d_2N
-
iFr4GfNpPRd9KvHNhFCcr9WbUC27PWnfBMPF82fa75NP9JIzvuO
blx7Zww6qTvTb8pftW
2GFGYYquKQq1JFnTJ_WsCJ1RGAlc9Ky30
CX11L8OLx2FGcCtZ0I0tLE6xfcITKiuDzpoZMB_G_lp33JNOgvMDrt
veKShaIrru
-
kJA0tTnD3Ln8tN&attredirects=0


Tinnitus


S
ource:

Pierpont
http://www.savewestern
ny.org/docs/pierpont_te
stimony.html


‘Dirty electricity’:

http://www.electricalpol
lution.com/windturbines
.html



Two

major review
s of the evidence suggest

that tinnitu
s is
not associated with wind turbine exposure (Massachusett
s
study
, Pedersen 2009
).




Another review states that there is no evidence that wind
turbines cause harm to the human ear (Chatham
-
Kent Public
Health Unit).


Massachusetts study
:

http://www.mass.gov/dep/energy/wind/turbine_impact_study.
pdf


Pedersen study :

http://hh.diva
-
portal.org/smash/get/diva2:240110/FULLTEXT01


Chatham
-
Kent Public Health Unit :

http://www.harvestingwindsupport.com/blog/w
p
-
content/uploads/2011/03/Chatham
-
KentHealth
-
and
-
Wind
-
.pdf


Headache and m
igraine


S
ource:

http://www.windvigilanc
e.com/about
-
adverse
-
health
-
effects/physiological
-
health
-
and
-
wind
-
turbines


Pierpont
http://www.savewestern
ny.org/docs/pierpont_te
stimony.html


‘Dirty
electricity’:

http://www.electricalpol
lution.com/windturbines
.html



Two

major review
s of the evidence suggest

that migraine is
not associated with wind turbine exposure (Massachusett
s
stud
y
, Pedersen 2009
).


Massachusetts study
:

http://www.mass.gov/dep/energy/wind/turbine_impact_study.
pdf


Pedersen study :

http://hh.diva
-
portal.org/smash/get/diva2:240110/FULLTEXT01


Vertigo
,

equilibrium
problems & falls,

motion
sickness,

dizziness


S
ource:

http://www.wind
-


Some have claimed that shadow flicker from turbines can
lead to motion sickness. However, research shows that there
is little evidence of this, and that shadow flicker is unlikely to
cause healt
h problems (Oregon review).




There is no evidence that wind turbines, via infrasound or
watch.org/news/2011/0
9/21/wind
-
farm
-
ruined
-
our
-
health
-
family
-
suit
-
claims
-
vertigo
-
nausea
-
and
-
sleep
-
loss/


P
ierpont
http://www.savewestern
ny.org/docs/pierpont_te
stimony.html


Shadow flicker source

http://cleantechnica.co
m/2008/08/18/wind
-
turbines
-
and
-
health/

any other mechanism, contribute to changes in the human
vestibular system

to

affect one’s
sense of
balance
(Massachusetts study).




More generally, a

major review of the evidence suggests that
neither audible nor inaudible nois
e from wind turbines
contribute

to physiological changes

in the human body

(
Knopper & Ollson

2010).


Oregon review

:
http://public.health.oregon.gov/HealthyEnvironments/Tracking
Assessment/HealthImpactAss
essment/Documents/Oregon%20
Wind%20Energy%20HIA%20Public%20comment.pdf


Massachusetts study
:

http://www.mass.gov/dep/energy/wind/turbine_impact_study.
pdf


Knopper & Ollson
:
http://www.ehjournal.net/content/pdf/1476
-
069X
-
10
-
78.pdf


Diabetes


‘Dirty electricity’:

http://www.electricalpol
lution.com/windturbines
.html


‘Dirty electricity’ case
reports:

http://www.next
-
up.org/pdf/Magda_Hava
s
_EHS_Biological_Effets_
Electricity_Emphasis_Dia
betes_Multiple_Sclerosis
.pdf



Some claim
, based on a series of
self
-
reporting
case
studies
,
that exposure to ‘dirty’ electricity
,

said to be produced
by
wind turbines
,

may
cause

individuals to develop diseases
such as diabetes.

However, there is no evidence to suggest
that electricity and electromagnetic fields contribute in any
way to
adverse

health

effects

(NHMRC, 2010).




Two

major review
s

of epidemiological

evidence
find

that
diabetes is not linked with wind turbine exposure
(Massachusett
s study
, Pedersen 2009
).


Massachusetts study
:

http://www.mass.gov/dep/energy/wind/turbine_impact_study.
pdf


Pedersen study :

http://hh.diva
-
portal.org/smash/get/diva2:240110/FULLTEXT01


Hypertension
,
tachycardia,
palpitations,

chest pain,
cardiovascular

disease



S
ource:
http://www.windvigilanc
e.com/about
-
adverse
-


Two major reviews of the epidemiological
evidence found no
link between hypertension or cardiovascular disease and
exposure to wind turbines (Pedersen 2003, Pedersen 2009).




There is limited, and contradictory, evidence that associates
noise exposure

in general

with hypertension and ischaemic
heart disease (Bab
isch

1998, Babisch

2004; as cited by Colby
et al

2009)

health
-
effects/physiological
-
health
-
and
-
wind
-
turbines#_edn2


Nissenbaum
case
study

:

http://54689645690131
58095
-
a
-
1802744773732722657
-
s
-
sites.googlegroups.com/
site/windvigil
ancecom/1
0
-
05
-
07NissenbaumMONTPEL
IERdocument.pdf?attach
auth=ANoY7crR0ysNerv
G3Z0COg3TdgaL
-
XkxBlQeWIIWJN5GUzr3J
-
CROUTImHoGjoamoQwL
t0SRSQ59ItaW1xExXs5a3
JvI33x8dADB35N8bqt3Tx
5S9d3CTNm7cH7GSZ
-
tShx6wOrOGgqTBeiE7ksz
CHg6hEZTGo8qFy4P4nBk
RBtDgATeNAMsRsAmHV
avT4xq9NJf
O0ww_FTuq
mtHSJN3y8WmDXL29qM
lh8zYtM9w1dDymjLrctJjZ
7w%3D&attredirects=0


‘Dirty electricity’:

http://www.electricalpol
lution.com/windturbines
.html




There is some e
vidence that people who live
where outside
noise levels exceed 65 dB may be at increased risk (Babisch

2000, as cited by Colby et al

2
009)
. N
ote that the enforced
maximum sound level for wind turbines is 45 dBA (Landscape
Guardians).




It has been known since the early 1980s that aversion to
noise, and subjective noise sensitivity, may have greater
associations with health problems, such
as cardiovascular
disease, than the actual noise itself

(Rovekamp 1983, Rehm

198
3; as cited by Suter 1991; Job

1995).




Interestingly, p
eople with pre
-
existing health problems may
demonstrate increased annoyance in response to
environmental noise compared
with healthy counterpa
rts
(Rehm 1983, as cited by Suter

1991).


Colby article :

http://199.88.77.35/EFiles/docs/CD/PlanCom/10_0426_IT_1004
16160206.pdf


Suter article :
http://www.nonoise.org/library/suter/suter.htm


Landscape Guardians :

http://www.landscapeguar
dians.org.au/resources/windfarmnoi
se/SA_Noise_windfarms.pdf


Pedersen
2003
review :

http://www.naturvardsverket.se/Documents/publikationer/620
-
5308
-
6.pdf


Pedersen 2009
study :

http://hh.diva
-
portal.org/smash/get/diva2:240110/FULLTEXT01


Job article :

http://www.scie
ncedirect.com/science/article/pii/01604120950
01077


Multiple sclerosis


‘Dirty electricity’:

http://www.electricalpol
lution.com/windturbines
.html


‘Dirty electricity’ case


According to a

series of
self
-
reporting
case
studies
, there is
the claim that “electromagnetic hypersensitivity” in certain
individuals may lead them to develop diseases such as
multiple sclerosis as a result of exposure to electricity such as
that emitted by wind turbi
nes.

However, the evidence
overwhelmingly suggests no link between electricity and
electromagnetic fields and ill health (NHMRC, 2010).


reports:

http://www.next
-
up.org/pdf/Magda_Hava
s_EHS_Biological_Effets_
Electricity_Emphasis_Dia
betes_Multiple_Sclerosis
.pdf



No studies have as yet been conducted to establish whether
multiple sclerosis
, specifically,

can be
linked to

wind turbines.
However, the current evidence about multiple sclerosis
suggests that the causes are so
many and
varied that it is
impossible to name one sole contributor to the disease

(such
as wind turbines)
. Genetics and infectious causes have been
named

as just some of the many contributing factors
(
Noseworthy

1999).




Furthermore, recent evidence does conclude that wind
turbines show no evidence of contributing to physiological
changes in the human body (
Knopper & Ollson

2010).




Another recent review of
the evidence shows no link
between wind turbines and symptoms of chronic disease
(Pedersen, 2009).


NHMRC 2010 :

http://www.n
hmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachme
nts/new0048_evidence_review_wind_turbines_and_health.pdf


Pedersen 2009 study :

http://hh.diva
-
portal.org/smash/get/diva2:240110/FULLT
EXT01


Noseworthy article :
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v399/n6738supp/full/3
99a040.html


Knopper & Ollson
:
http://www.ehjournal.net/content/pdf/1476
-
069X
-
10
-
78.pdf


Poor wound healing
,
cold sores
, nosebleeds


Muscle & joint pains,
muscle twitches
,
paralysis, nerve pain


D
iarrhoea,
nausea,
weight loss
,

weight gain


S
tomach ulcers
,
vomiting up blood


Exacerbations of chronic
disease




Two major reviews of the evidence conclude that wind
turbines do not contribute to physiologic
al changes in the
human body, and are not linked

to symptoms of chronic
disease (Knopper & Ollson 2010, Pedersen, 2009).


Pedersen 2009 study :

http://hh.diva
-
portal.org/smash/get/diva2:240110/FULLTEXT01


Knopper & Ollson
:
http://www.ehjournal.net/content/pdf/1476
-
069X
-
10
-
78.pdf


Tumours


Cognitive disturbances



e.g. poor memory and
concentration, poor task
performance


S
ource:
http://www.windvigilanc
e.com/about
-
adverse
-
health
-
effects/mental
-
health
-
and
-
wind
-
turbines


Pierpont
http://www.savewestern
ny.org/docs/pierpont_te
stimony.html



Many studies have been conducted to look at how noise
affects performance on a task.
P
erformance on a simple,
monotonous task can be unaffected at sound levels greater
th
an 100 dBA (Colby et al

2009
)
.




In fact, s
ome very simple tasks may even show improv
ement
at such sound levels because

the sound levels increase
arousal, which then enhan
ces task performance (Broadbent
1971, as cited by Suter

1991).




More complex tasks may be disrupted at level
s of 75 dBA
(Colby et al, 2009), but l
evels below 70dBA generally don’t
cause disruptions in task performance (Colby et al 2009).




Since t
he recommended maximum sound level for wind
turbines is 45 dBA
(Landscape Guardians
), it is reasonable to
say that the

noise generated by wind turbines does not reach
levels high enough to disturb task performance.


Landscape Guardians :

http://www.landscapeguardians.org.au
/resources/windfarmnoi
se/SA_Noise_windfarms.pdf


Colby article :

http://199.88.77.35/EFiles/docs/CD/PlanCom/10_0426_IT_1004
16160206.pdf


Suter article

:
http://www.nonoise.org/library/suter/suter.htm


S
tress, anxiety,
depression
, panic
attacks
,
loss of energy,
disrupted relationships


(Also

-

in light of
somatising disorders
-

could be
considered

alongside
nausea,
poor
appetite,
diarrhoea
,

weight loss
, joint pain
,
gastrointestinal upsets
)


S
ource
s
:
http://www.windvigilanc
e.com/about
-
adverse
-


There is no evidence to suggest that psychological
disturbances

are

more common in those living close to wind
turbines comp
ared to the general population (Colby et al
2009).




A re
cent major review of the evidence shows that rates of
stress, tiredness and irritability are not significantly increased
by exposure to wind farms (Pedersen, 2009).




However, the

wide media coverage
of the proposed adverse
health effects
may lead some of t
hose who live close to wind
turbines to anticipate that they will experienc
e these
symptoms (Colby et al

2009).




The

“nocebo effect”


where the fear of, or belief in, adverse
effects from a particular source results in the worsening of
health
-
effects/mental
-
health
-
and
-
wind
-
turbines


Pierpont
http://www.savewestern
ny.org/docs/pierpont_te
stimony.html


Nissenbaum case study :

http://54689645690131
58095
-
a
-
1802744773732722657
-
s
-
sites.googlegroups.com/
site/wi
ndvigilancecom/1
0
-
05
-
07NissenbaumMONTPEL
IERdocument.pdf?attach
auth=ANoY7crR0ysNerv
G3Z0COg3TdgaL
-
XkxBlQeWIIWJN5GUzr3J
-
CROUTImHoGjoamoQwL
t0SRSQ59ItaW1xExXs5a3
JvI33x8dADB35N8bqt3Tx
5S9d3CTNm7cH7GSZ
-
tShx6wOrOGgqTBeiE7ksz
CHg6hEZTGo8qFy4P4nBk
RBtDgATeNAMsRsAmHV
avT
4xq9NJfO0ww_FTuq
mtHSJN3y8WmDXL29qM
lh8zYtM9w1dDymjLrctJjZ
7w%3D&attredirects=0

physical or mental
health



can be used to explain these
symptoms
, as it
is associated with anxiety, depression and
other adverse psychological consequences, as well as
anticipation
of adverse effects (Colby et al

2009).




The nocebo effect

is also associated with so
matising
disorders (Colby et al

2009), which is a cluster of disorders
where the sufferer manifests physical symptoms as a result
of psychological stress and without an apparent and
straightforward medical or biological cause. These physical
symptoms are can includ
e an abnormally slow heart rate,
drowsiness, headache, nausea and other gastrointestinal
complaints, insomnia and fatigue, and difficulty
concentrating (Sadock & Sadock

2005, as cited by Colby et al

2009).


Colby article :

http://199.88.77.35/EFiles/docs/CD/PlanCom/10_0426_IT_1004
16160206.pdf


Pedersen 2009 study :

h
ttp://hh.diva
-
portal.org/smash/get/diva2:240110/FULLTEXT01