STEM Careers profiles - Science & Plants for Schools

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21 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Agricultural Consultant

Biology, Business, Chemistry, Economics, English, Geography, Maths

Employers expect you to have a
degree in agriculture, or a related
subject such as agricultural science,
soil science, environmental science,
agricultural engineering or land and
property management.

20k
-
26k to >45k

Band 4: possible

Band 5: At least one science subject
(Chemistry and Biology are often
required at A
-
level)

The Job

Office and outdoor work.
You give business and
technical advice to those in
land
-
based industries (e.g.
farmers, landowners,
conservation organisations,
growers). You visit farms, do
telephone consultations,
attend agricultural shows,
run training programmes
and give presentations.

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.25.

See also LANTRA (
www.lantra.co.uk
)

Qualifications needed

Agricultural Research Scientist

Biology, Chemistry, Economics, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths

Degrees in relevant subjects include
agricultural science, biology, crop
science, plant or animal science,
and chemistry. Further study is
available (e.g. crop protection and
tropical ecosystems)

22k
-
27k to 30k
-
50k

Band 4: possible

Band 5: At least one science subject
(Chemistry and Biology are often
required at A
-
level)

The Job

Office, laboratory and
outdoor work. You conduct
research, analyse results
and present findings to
develop new and more
efficient ways of farming
animals and plants. This
may include issues around
conservation, GM, pollution
and disease. You may also
do some teaching / training.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.27.

See also LANTRA (
www.lantra.co.uk
)

Arboriculturist

Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Maths

A degree in arboriculture (possibly
with urban forestry), horticulture
(arboriculture), urban forestry
management, or a related subject is
usually required. Forestry, forest
sciences or woodland management
subjects are also useful.

15k
-
22k to 22k
-
38k

Band 3 and 4: possible

Band 5: A
-
levels preferably including
maths and science subjects

The Job

Mainly outdoors in parks,
gardens, woods or forests.
You manage and supervise
planting, propagation,
maintenance, tree surgery,
and the prevention and
eradication of disease in
public areas or woodlands
solely for commercial or
private use. You may advise
on land development.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.54.

See also LANTRA (
www.lantra.co.uk
)

Biochemist

Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

Usually a degree in biochemistry or
biochemical engineering is preferred
but molecular biology, biophysics,
chemistry or biology may also be
acceptable. Other biological degrees
can be followed by further study in
biochemistry.

21k
-
26k to 48k
-
86k

Band 5: A
-
levels including Chemistry
and preferably Biology, Physics or
Maths.

The Job

You research the chemistry of
animal or plant cells and the
way living organisms work. You
study processes such as
nutrition, fermentation, pollution
or the action of substances
such as vitamins, hormones, or
drugs. Some biochemists work
on the analysis of body fluids
and tissues, then assist in the
diagnosis and treatment of
patients.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.25.

See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)

Biologist

Biology, Chemistry, English, H+S Care, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

Appropriate degrees in biological
sciences are preferred, but some
subjects with a biological basis may
also be acceptable. Other related
subjects, such as a biomedical
science or some of the agricultural
sciences, can be useful.



20k to

60k

Band 5: A
-
levels including Biology
and preferably Chemistry, Maths or
Physics.

The Job

Laboratory and/or outdoor work
to study human, animal and/or
plant life. Biologists tend to
specialise in one of the many
branches of biology. You may
collect and analyse field data,
identify pests and disease,
assess effects of chemicals,
develop routine tests or devise
more efficient production
processes. You may lead and
supervise teams of technicians.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.98.

See also the Society of Biology site (www.societyofbiology.org)

Biotechnologist

Biology, Chemistry, D+T, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

A degree in biotechnology or one
with some biotechnology content is
preferred. Other acceptable degrees
include biochemical engineering,
chemistry, chemical engineering,
brewing, food science/technology
and most biological subjects.

21k
-
26k to >55k

Band 5: 2
-
3 A
-
levels and some
GCSEs including English, Science
and Maths.

The Job

You specialise in using
combined applications of
biology and technology to
provide new or improved
processes or products in areas
that include pharmaceuticals,
agriculture, healthcare and the
environment. You might be
concerned with micro
-
organisms, genetic
engineering, cell culture or the
control of inherited diseases.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.101.

See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)

Botanist

Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

A degree in botany or plant sciences
is preferred. Combined courses
such as botany with geography,
ecology, microbiology or molecular
biology are also available.
Agricultural science degrees are
also useful.

18k
-
20k to 55k

Band 5: A
-
levels including Biology
and preferably Chemistry, Maths or
Physics.

The Job

Laboratory, office or fieldwork
to study plant life such as
algae, mosses and lichens,
grasses, crops, flowering plants
and trees. You can be involved
in research and development
or conservation for
environmental, agricultural and
forestry organisations. In
research and education you
attend conferences and publish
in scientific journals.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.107.

See also Grow Careers (www.growcareers.info)

Chemist

Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

A degree in chemistry is preferred
but degrees with a significant
chemistry content can also be
acceptable. Some courses have a
specialised focus and others
combine chemistry with business,
languages or law.

16k
-
24k to >45k

Band 5: A
-
levels including Chemistry
and preferably Maths or Physics.

The Job

You work in a laboratory, an
office, college, university or
industrial premises. Many are
involved in production of types
of foods, medicines or
cosmetics. Some create new
compounds for different
applications in industry,
agriculture or medicine. Others
analyse compounds to
determine their exact chemical
composition.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.159.

See also the Royal Society of Chemistry website (www.rsc.org)

Chemist: Analytical

Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

Degrees include analytical/applied
chemistry, environmental science
(physical), bio
-

or geo
-
chemistry,
chemistry, marine sciences,
materials sciences/technology,
physical, mathematical, life, medical
or applied science.

20k
-
22k to >50k

Band 5: A
-
levels including Chemistry
and preferably Maths or Physics.

The Job

You analyse substances to
identify and understand their
chemical composition and how
they behave under certain
conditions. You use high tech
techniques and instruments for
the analysis of samples in
several sectors, including
pharmaceuticals,
manufacturing, healthcare,
forensics and food and retail
product development.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.160.

See also the Royal Society of Chemistry website (www.rsc.org)

Civil Service Scientific Officer

Biology, Chemistry, D+T, English, ICT/Comp. studies, Maths, Physics, Psychology

Some degrees specific to individual
departments or agencies include
maths, geophysics, meteorology,
computer science, IT, environmental
sciences, veterinary science,
engineering, communications and
psychology.

23k to >60k

Band 4: possible

Band 5: A
-
levels including science or
Maths.

The Job

You carry out research for
central government or its
agencies. Areas include the
environment, agricultural and
veterinary science, the
regulation and control of
pesticides, food science and
nutrition, meteorological
services, defence projects,
building methods, conservation
and transport. You may be
involved in advisory work.


Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.187.

See also Prospects (www.prospects.ac.uk)

Countryside/Conservation Manager

Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography

Degrees include environmental
sciences, countryside/environmental
management, biology, sustainable
development, ecology, conservation,
surveying or geography. For those
without a relevant first degree there
are postgraduate courses.

14k
-
17k to 28k
-
30k

Band 4: possible

Band 5: A
-
levels including science
subjects.

The Job

You are involved in the
management, conservation and
protection of the environment.
You promote public awareness
of the natural environment. You
may investigate ways in which
farming procedures or building
projects interact with plant and
animal life. You may advise the
public and liaise with other
scientists and the government.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.244.

See also Grow Careers (www.growcareers.info)

Ecologist

Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

There are specialist degree courses
in ecology, but other relevant
degrees include biological sciences,
environmental studies, earth
sciences, geography, agricultural
science, urban and land studies or
countryside management.

16k
-
23k to >45k

Band 5: A
-
levels including Biology
and preferably Chemistry, Maths or
Physics.

The Job

Fieldwork is common as is
travel to remote places. You
research the complex
relationship between animals
and plants, in particular their
habitats and the impact of
people on their environment.
You may set up and maintain
ecological databases, carry out
field studies or assess the
ecological impact of
development proposals.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.307.

See also Grow Careers (www.growcareers.info)

Environmental Scientist

Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

A degree in environmental science
or a related subject is particularly
relevant. Postgraduate specialism is
available after a scientific degree.
Some courses may be accredited by
professional institutions, such as the
IES.

18k
-
22k to >50k

Band 4: possible

Band 5: A
-
levels including at least
one science subject.

The Job

Laboratory, office and
fieldwork. You research and
advise on the effects of human
activities on the environment.
You may work on projects
related to pollution, waste
management, flood control,
energy, land use, conservation
or climate change. You may go
out and collect samples from
sites or monitor plants and
wildlife or do desk research.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.382.

See also the British Ecological Society (www.britishecologicalsociety.org)

Forensic Scientist

Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

There are degrees in forensic
science however the Forensic
Science Society (FSS) recommends
a good first degree in a science
subject such as chemistry,
biochemistry or biology followed by
a postgraduate qualification.

14k
-
20k to 50k

Band 4: possible

Band 5: A
-
levels from Maths,
Physics, Biology and Chemistry.

The Job

Laboratory work and
occasional site and court visits.
You are responsible for
examining substances from
crime scenes carefully and
accurately, and presenting
detailed results clearly. You use
a variety of techniques to
identify clues. Some people
specialise (e.g. in inks,
documents, drugs, explosives,
DNA profiling or firearms).

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.452.

See also the Futuremorph website (www.futuremorph.org)

Forest District Manager

Biology, Business, Chemistry, English, Geography

A degree in forestry, woodland
management, forest science,
environmental forestry, forestry
conservation, or a related subject
with a high forestry content is
essential for entry to this job. It is
possible to study for a postgraduate
degree in forestry.

≈21.5k to ≈47k

Band 5: 2
-
3 A
-
levels and GCSEs
including English and Maths.

The Job

You oversee the development,
growth and conservation of a
large area of woodlands, and
are responsible for the
supervision and management
of the forest officers. You may
also be involved in
environmental research and
wildlife conservation projects
and ensure that where possible
all forest developments are
sustainable.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.453.

See also LANTRA (www.lantra.co.uk)

Geneticist

Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

Degrees in genetics, biology, applied
biology or biochemistry are
preferred. Molecular biology may
also be acceptable. Some courses
offer molecular or human genetics or
combine genetics with other
biological sciences.

≈22k to 73k

Band 5: A
-
levels preferably including
Biology and Chemistry with Physics
or Maths.

The Job

You study inherited
characteristics in humans,
animals, plants and micro
-
organisms. You can work in the
fields of biotechnology,
biomedicine, bioinformatics, the
environment and agriculture, or
in the context of law,
archaeology or forensics. In
hospital work, you provide
information and advice for
diagnosis and treatment.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.465.

See also the Genetics Society website (www.genetics.org.uk)

Horticultural Scientist

Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Maths

Degrees in horticulture, biology,
chemistry, biotechnology, botany,
biochemistry or plant or soil science
may be preferred. Grants from the
Botanical Society of the British Isles
for degrees may be possible.

21.5k
-
26k to 50k

Band 4: possible

Band 5: At least one science subject
(Chemistry and Biology are often
required at A
-
level)

The Job

You study the science and
technology of cultivating
vegetables, fruit, flowers and
other plants. You conduct
research to develop new and
more efficient methods of
small
-
scale planting and
production. You may study
environmental issues including
soil erosion, pollution and
public health concerns
including GM issues.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.520.

See also Grow Careers (www.growcareers.info)

Lab. Technician: Science

Biology, Chemistry, Maths, Physics

Broad degrees in biology, physics, or
chemistry, or more specific degrees
in genetics, nutrition, ecology,
biomedical science, analytical
chemistry, biophysics, geology,
meteorology and pharmacology are
available.

12k
-
13k to 30k
-
40k

Band 3 and 4: possible

Band 5: A
-
levels preferably including
Chemistry, Maths or Physics.

The Job

You generally specialise in
one area of science doing
practical tasks essential to
research and development.
Tasks vary depending on
the scientific area such as
genetics, biology,
microbiology, chemistry,
food science or agriculture.
You usually work in a team,
assisting senior scientists.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.592.

See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)

Marine Biologist

Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

There are courses leading to first
degrees in marine/freshwater
biology and marine science, though
many marine biologists have a
degree in biology or biochemistry,
usually followed by a specialist
higher degree.

17k
-
20k to >60k

Band 5: A
-
levels including Biology
and preferably Chemistry, Maths or
Physics.

The Job

Laboratory or office work as
well as time spent on research
vessels. You study micro
-
organisms, plant and animal
life in the ocean and on the
shoreline. You may study the
effect of pollution, nuclear
power stations, coral reefs, oil
refineries and industrial activity
on the oceans, or the levels of
stocks of particular fish
species.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.634.

See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)

Medical Herbalist

Biology, Chemistry, English, Health and Social Care, Psychology

For registration with the National
Institute of Medical Herbalists
(NIMH), a degree or postgraduate
qualification in herbal medicine
accredited by the NIMH or European
Herbal and Traditional Medicine
Practitioners Association is required.
Contact the NIMH for details.

15k
-
20k to >35k

Band 5: Preferably two science
subjects at A
-
level.

The Job

You use plant remedies to treat
a wide range of medical
conditions and diseases such
as arthritis, high blood
pressure, migraine, digestive
disorders, hay fever and
asthma, insomnia, acne and
eczema. Time is spent
preparing the medicines you
prescribe, as well as discussing
symptoms and treatment with
patients.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.651.

See also Prospects website (www.prospects.ac.uk)

Microbiologist

Biology, Chemistry, English, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

A degree in microbiology is usually
preferred, but bacteriology, biology,
biochemistry, cell/molecular biology,
genetics and marine biology may
also be acceptable subjects. Most
other biological science degrees are
useful.

≈26k to 62k

Band 5: A
-
levels including Chemistry
and preferably Biology, Maths or
Physics.

The Job

You study the biology and
chemistry of viruses, bacteria,
algae or fungi and their
practical application. You are
involved in diverse areas that
include medicine and
pharmaceuticals, the
environment, agriculture,
education and industry. You
may be responsible for
managing a team of biomedical
scientists and support staff.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.665.

See also Microbiology Careers (www.sgm
-
microbiologycareers.org.uk)

Oceanographer

Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

A degree in oceanography/marine
sciences or a closely related subject
may be preferred. There are few first
degrees in oceanography, but there
are some combined courses with an
oceanography option. Some other
scientific degrees are also
acceptable.

19k
-
28k to 60k

Band 5: A
-
levels including two
sciences and maths.

The Job

Laboratory or office work as
well as time at sea. You study
different aspects of the oceans,
such as tides, temperature, the
organisms within them, or the
sea floor. You may investigate
pollution of the seas, the effects
of climate change, the salinity
and circulation of water and the
effects of pollution on marine
life or the geology of the sea
bed.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.723.

See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)

Palaeontologist

Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

Geology, geoscience, chemistry,
physics, biosciences, maths or
computing are the most useful
degree subjects. Postgraduate
courses in palaeontology are
available for those with a relevant
degree.

≈25k to 55k

Band 5: A
-
levels including a science
and maths.

The Job

You study ancient life
-
forms
and their environments. There
are 4 main branches of the
subject: vertebrate and
invertebrate palaeontology,
micropalaeontology and
palaeobotany. Participation in
field trips is common and
usually leads to data being
collected for research and
publication. You may examine
fossils from all over the world.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.751.

See also Futuremorph (www.futuremorph.org)

Soil Scientist

Biology, Chemistry, English, Geography, ICT/Computer studies, Maths

A degree in soil science or at least a
significant course content of soil
science is required. A pre
-
entry
postgraduate qualification, such as
an MSc in soil science, or similar, is
essential for most posts involving
field and/or laboratory work.

19k
-
24k to 56k

Band 5: A
-
levels including science
subjects (Chemistry and Biology are
often required at A
-
level).

The Job

You collect and analyse data
relating to the properties of
soils and investigate
influences such as climate,
environment, land use and
biodiversity on them. You
advise those in agriculture,
industry, construction, local
and central government and
other scientists.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.980.

See also Careers in Agriculture (www.careersinagriculture.co.uk)

Toxicologist

Biology, Chemistry, English, H+S Care, ICT/Computer studies, Maths, Physics

Toxicology, environmental toxicology
or immunology and toxicology
degrees are available. Other
degrees include biochemical or
biological sciences, applied life
sciences, biomedical science and
food or forensic science.

21.5k
-
26.5k to 40k

Band 5: A
-
levels including
Chemistry, Biology, Maths or
Physics.

The Job

You undertake laboratory and
field studies to identify any
harmful effects of chemicals,
biological materials and
radiation on animals, plants,
humans and the environment.
You conduct experiments,
evaluate data and write reports.
You may advise medical
experts on treatment of
patients or specialise in the
protection of the environment.

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p.1095.

See also the ABPI (http://careers.abpi.org.uk)

Job title

Relevant subjects

Degree information

salary

Band information

The Job

blurb

Qualifications needed

Information from
Jobfile 2011
-
2012
(Babcock), p

See …