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NASA’s Fifth

Strategic Enterprise

Office of Biological and Physical
Research (Code U)

Gerald A. Pitalo, P.E., Ph.D

Manager, Multi
-
User Systems

Physical Sciences Division

gpitalo@hq.nasa.gov, (202) 358
-
0827

http://SpaceResearch.nasa.gov

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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

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MJW, May 23, 2001

NASA Science

FROM

Space

IN

Space

ABOUT

Space

ENABLE

Space

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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

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MJW, May 23, 2001

Fundamental Questions

How can humans expand
beyond the home planet to
achieve maximum benefits
from space?

How have the fundamental laws
of nature shaped the evolution of
life?


Goal 2: Use the space environment
as a laboratory to test the
fundamental principles of physics,
chemistry and biology.


Goal 1: Conduct research to enable
safe and productive human
habitation of space

Goal 1: Conduct research to enable
safe and productive human
habitation of space


Goal 3: Enable and promote
commercial research in space

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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

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MJW, May 23, 2001

OBPR Organization

OBPR

AA

DAA
-
Technical

DAA
-
Management

Division of

Physical
Sciences

Division of
Fundamental
Space Biology

Division of
Bioastronautics

Division of

Space
Research
Integration

Division of
Policy and
Program
Integration

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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

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MJW, May 23, 2001

FY00
FY01
FY02
FY03
FY04
FY05
FY06
FY02 Budget Request
274.7
312.9
360.9
380.7
402.6
405.7
419.4
Advanced Human Support Technology
30.1
30.8
31.1
32.2
33.3
33.8
33.8
Biomedical Research & Countermeasures
57.2
70.2
66.8
75.4
78.1
77.0
77.0
Fundamental Biology
38.2
40.6
39.2
39.3
40.5
41.5
43.0
Physical Science Research
108.7
130.7
130.1
129.1
140.3
142.9
152.0
Space Product Development
14.4
13.7
14.5
14.6
15.2
15.1
15.1
HR (Space Medicine Research)
7.3
10.6
8.2
11.1
13.2
13.1
13.1
HR (Occupational Health Research)
1.4
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.4
Mission Integration
17.4
15.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
Institutional Support
69.6
77.6
80.4
80.7
83.8
FY00
FY01
FY02
FY03
FY04
FY05
FY06
Mission Int
HR (Occ Health Res)
HR (Space Med Res)
Space Prod Dev
Adv Human Sup Tech
Fundamental Biology
Biomed Res & Count
Institutional Sup
Phys Sci Res
0.0
20.0
40.0
60.0
80.0
100.0
120.0
140.0
160.0
FY 2002 OMB Baseline

Budget Recommend


85% of the total
science program
budget is dedicated to
funding PIs or
supporting PIs

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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

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MJW, May 23, 2001

Recent OBPR

Research Announcements

Note: Research Announcements whose award letters were issued in FY 1999 and FY 2000 were included.

Program/
Discipline
Announcement
#
proposals
received
% proposals
VG or above
% proposals
awarded
total
funding ($k)
Typical
award
size/yr
($k)
Average
award
duration
(yr)
Biotechnology
97-HEDS-02
165
33
29
32,787
$

149
$

4
BITR
98-HEDS-04
123
54
11
6,500
$

116
$

4
Fundamental
Physics
96-HEDS-03
86
52
30
12,747
$

106
$

5
AHST (98)
98-HEDS-01
126
63
16
8,700
$

145
$

3
AHST (99)
99-HEDS-01
115
50
12
7,500
$

179
$

3
GB&E/BR&C
98-HEDS-02
511
52
15
42,600
$

189
$

3
Combustion
Science
99-HEDS-04
119
30
24
10,433
$

93
$

4
Fluid Physics
98-HEDS-03
301
41
25
25,432
$

85
$

4
Materials
Science
98-HEDS-05
233
44
28
22,494
$

87
$

4
AHST
00-HEDS-01
113
48
16
8,600
$

159
$

3
BR&C
99-HEDS-03
225
55
8
13,000
$

225
$

3
Fundamental
Biology
99-HEDS-02
110
50
15
8,600
$

169
$

3
FY 1999
FY 2000
How Many? How Good? How Much?
-

Basic Statistics

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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

Page
7

MJW, May 23, 2001

Proposals/Awards By Institution

Awards (%)

Where Were The Proposers and Awardees From in FY 2000?

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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

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MJW, May 23, 2001

Research Platforms


Drop
Towers/Tubes


KC
-
135
Aircraft


Sub
-
orbital
Rockets


Space Shuttle


ISS


Other

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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

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MJW, May 23, 2001

*Research and technology development from TRL 1
-

3

Division of

Physical Sciences*


Fundamental Microgravity
Research


Fundamental physics


Materials science


Fluid physics


Combustion science


Exploration research


Biomolecular Physics and
Chemistry


Atomic and molecular processes
in biosystems


Biological sensing phenomena


Cellular components assembling
mechanisms


Biotechnology & Earth
-
based
Application


Cellular biotechnology


Macromolecular biotechnology


Earth
-
based applications

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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

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MJW, May 23, 2001

Includes biological research required to understand
planetary protection issues

Division of

Fundamental Space Biology


Space Genomics & Cellular
Function



Molecular structures & physical
interactions


Molecular biology


Cell biology



Adaptation & Response to Space


Developmental biology


Integrative biology


Neurobiology



Space Biology of Complex
Systems


Evolutionary biology


Space environment ecology

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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

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MJW, May 23, 2001

Division of

Bioastronautics


Space Biomedical Research


Biomedical physiology


Behavior & performance,

group dynamics


Radiobiology


Human clinical research


Space human factors engineering


Space Medicine Research


Flight crew health care

delivery research


Flight crew health care

Systems Research


Space medical research



Spacecraft Habitability, Planetary
Habitat, Environmental Health, &
Space Systems Technology
(Delivering Advanced
Technology)


Advanced environmental
monitoring & control


Advanced life support


Toxicology, microbiology


Advanced EVA


Radiation protection


Bioplex


Manage NSBRI


Countermeasures development



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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

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MJW, May 23, 2001

Division of

Research Integration


Integrate Scientific Research


Coordinate OBPR Divisions, interface with Codes S, Y, carry out
requirements of Code M, provide requirements to Codes M, S, Y


Mission Planning


ISS/Shuttle manifest planning, manage ISS utilization, integrate with HEDS
for Exploration Mission Planning, manage international partnerships, resource
sharing and exchange


Manage Flight Research Payloads


System Engineering Management
-

integrate Division flight facilities,
resources, operations requirements, exploration instrument integration with
platform provider, manifest payloads
-

Represents OBPR to Codes M, S, Y


Commercial Activities Planning


Commercial Space Center management, NGO interface, commercial
outreach


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SpaceResearch
.nasa.gov

Office of
Biological

& Physical

Research

Page
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MJW, May 23, 2001

Research Announcement Schedule

Activity Name
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
J
2001
2002
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
J
Life Sciences International Flight
NRA
NRA
Release
Proposals
Due
Selection
Materials Science NRA
Selection
Proposals
Due
NRA
Release
d
Advanced Life Support NSCORT
NRA
Selection
Proposals
Due
NRA
Release
d
NASA BioScience and
Engineering Institute CAN
Selection
NRA
Release
d
Proposals
Due
Fundamental Space Biology NRA
NRA
Release
d
Proposals
Due
Selection
Physical Sciences Division
Annual NRA
NRA
Release
d
Proposals
Due
Proposals
Due
Proposals
Due
Selection
Selection
Selection
Proposals
Due
Advanced Human Support NRA
NRA
Release
d
Proposals
Due
Selection