Medical Microbiology

beefzoologistΒιοτεχνολογία

21 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 3 μήνες)

256 εμφανίσεις

Medical Microbiology

Introduction

Microorganisms
(Microbes)

Microbiology

Medical Microbiology


What is Microorganisms


Microorganisms are creatures that are not
directly visible to the unaided eye, with
dramatical biologic diversity.


Viruses , bacteria, fungi, protozoa and some
algae are all in this category


All
with the exception of

plants and animals

Distribution of microorganisms


Air


Soil


Water


Animals


Human body

100m

300m

1400m

2100m

3150m

4050m

6000m

Microorganisms and Human
Beings


Beneficial

activities
:

Most

microbes

are

of

benefit

to

human

beings,

some

are

necessary(

nitrogen,

carbon

cycles,

etc)


Harmful

activities
:

A

portion

of

microbes

cause

diseases

and

are

poisonous

to

human,

and

these

are

really

that

concern

us

in

the

study

of

medical

microbiology,

etc
.

Microbiology


Microbiology is the biology of
micro
organism
s
. It is a bioscience for the
study of the evolution, Classification ,
morphology
, physiology, genetics, ecology

of microbes under certain definite conditions,
The law of their life activities, and their
interaction with human being, animals or
plants as well as with natural environment.

The Importance of Microbiology


Environment


Medicine


Food


Industry


Biotechnology


Research


History of Microbiology


Experience phase
经验时期



Experimental phase
实验时期



Modern phase
现代微生物学时期

Experience phase

Experimental phase


Leeuwenhoek


Pastur


Koch

ƒ
lister

Koch’s postulates




the microbe must be found in the body in all
cases of the disease



it must be isolated from a case and grown in
a series of pure culture in vitro



it reproduce the disease on the inoculation of
a late pure culture into a susceptible animal



the microbe must be isolated again into pure
culture from such experimentally caused
infection.


Fei
-
Fan Tang

Modern phase

Emerging and Reemerging
Infectious Disease


AIDS


Tuberculosis


Hepatitis


Gastric


ulcer



SRAS

Medical Microbiology


The medical microbiology is one of the
essential basic sciences for medine. It
is the study of Biological characteristics
of microorganisms and their
relationships with human hosts


Medical Microbiology


Medical
B
acteriology


Medical Viriology


Medical Mycology


Parasitology


Immunology

Purpose for learning of
M
edical
M
icrobiology


Medical Microbiology


Note

of
Medical Microbiology

Textbook

R
equirement


Brooks GF et al
Medical Microbiology


陆德源

医学微生物学