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2 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Nanotechnology and Engineering

Group 7
Alicbusan
. De
Pano
.
Fermo
. Herrera.
Liccup
. Tan.


Nanotechnology and Engineering

Go start

Discussion
Outline

Overview

Historical Timeline

Emerging Technology

Game

Overview

Nanotechnology



is the engineering of functional
systems at the molecular scale.




is about generating solutions
through the use of atomic or
molecular manipulation.



is the study of structure
manipulation having the size that
ranges between one to one
hundred
nano

meters.




Overview

Nanotechnology


Nanotechnology came from the
prefix “
nano
”.



Nanometer is one
-
billionth of a
meter (distance equal to two to
twenty atoms).



The term ‘
nano
-
technology’ is
coined by
Norio
Taniguichi

but
expanded and popularized by
K.
Eric Drexler





Nanotechnology and Engineering History

Historical Timeline

1959 Feynman
describes molecular machines building

1950

2010

1980

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1970

1990

2000

1974 Taniguchi
coined the term ‘
nano
-
technology’

1950

2010

1980

1960

1970

1990

2000

1977 Drexler
expanded and popularized molecular nanotechnology (MNT)

1950

2010

1980

1960

1970

1990

2000

1981 SMT
Invention of the Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

1950

2010

1980

1960

1970

1990

2000

1996 NASA
Computational Nanotech is in the process of development

1950

2010

1980

1960

1970

1990

2000

1997
Zyvex

First Nanotechnology Development Company

1950

2010

1980

1960

1970

1990

2000

2002 First Conference
First Nanotech Industry Conference

1950

2010

1980

1960

1970

1990

2000

2009 Walking DNA
Nanorobot

New and Improved.

1950

2010

1980

1960

1970

1990

2000

Emerging Technologies

Nanotechnology and Engineering

Integrated Circuits

About



“assembly of
interconnected
components on a small
semiconductor chip”



can be used in cars,
televisions, computers,
microwaves, portable
devices, aero planes,
space crafts and the like


Integrated Circuits

Short History



Invented by Jack
Killby

of Texas Instruments and
Robert
Noyce

at Fairchild
Semiconductor



Before this invention,
vacuum tubes were used.


Integrated Circuits

Short History

Vacuum tubes
were
deemed
inefficient



acted like
lightbulbs

that burned out and
made so much heat



it was not suitable
for mass
-
production



not suitable for
complex circuits
because of
unreliability and
power consumption


Integrated Circuits

Short History



Transistors

were
invented in 1947



quickly replaced
vacuum tubes



small and efficient



engineers can now
build more complex
circuits




A new problem arose.







Integrated Circuits

Short History



A
new problem
arose.



Circuits were
handmade.



Complex circuits had
a vast number of
compenents



Each part was
manually soldered
and connected with a
metal wire.



Integrated Circuits

Short History



A
new problem
arose.




If
one connection
broke,
the circuit
failed
.




If the
circuit became too
big
, the distance for the
electric signals became
longer making the circuit
slower
.

Integrated Circuits

Short History



Solution
: Make all the
parts in one block of
semiconductor material.



No more wires.

Add only a layer of metal
outside to connect the
parts inside.




In 1958,
J
ack

Kilby

at
Texas Instruments created
the first IC. He then
proceeded to make the
first handheld calculator.




Integrated Circuits

Short History



6 months later




Robert
Noyce

from
Fairchild Semiconductor
came up with his own
idea of a circuit and
solved many problems
with
Kilby’s

solution.


The IC was finally
completely coated in
metal and then partially
removed to connect the
parts inside.


Integrated Circuits

Short History

Robert
Noyce

is one of
the co
-
founders of

Intel Corporation,
one of
the largest manufacturers
of integrated circuits in
the world.


Their latest Ivy Bridge
microprocessor is made
in 22nm processes and
has 1.4 billion transistors
in 160 sq.mm


Integrated Circuits

Modern Chip
Production

Chip production today is
based on
photolithography
.


Steps:

1. Create a mask film.

2. Shine UV light over
wafer chip.

3. Peel out parts of wafer
that was hit by light.


The wafer is cut with a
diamond saw, packaged,
tested, and shipped out.



Medical
Nanobots

About



Ultimate goal of a
nanobot

is to create a
microscopic entity out of
electromechanical
components



They are designed to
function similar to
bacteria and common
viruses



They are small and
cannot be seen with the
naked eye.


Medical
Nanobots

Short History



In 1989, researchers
discovered how to
manually operate a
system for
nanobot

building




Nanobot

prototypes are
currently being
developed and currently
they are biological in
nature.

NFC

About



stands for “Near Field
Communication”



is a short
-
range, low
power wireless
technology, touch
-
based
computing



has the capability to
exchange information
from one device to
another

NFC

Short

History



is developed by NXP (
NXP Conductors)



The very first Android
NFC phone is Samsung
Nexus S

NeverWet

About



When this product is
applied to any surface,
water beads “glide” over
with no surface friction
thus preventing the
surface from getting wet



Uses angled
nanoparticles

to force
water to cluster into a
droplet


NeverWet

Short History



Created by Ross
Technology



The challenge was to
stop a undersea pipe
from rusting and thus
they created a silicon
based spray

AgActive

About



AgActive

Antibacterial
Sheet and Pillow case
Sets



Uses the latest
nanotechnology
advancements to get rid
of germs



AgActive

Short History



started in 2003 and they
use a specific technology
called
Silversure
.



Silversure

is a cost
effective technology that
allows the embodiment of
nano
-
particles into
plastics



Canola Active Oil

About



uses a nanotechnology
called NSSL (
Nano
-
sized
self assembled
structed

liquids)


also called
Nanodrops



The technology serves
as a liquid carrier that
allows the penetration of
health components



Canola Active Oil

Short History



originated in
Isarael

and
was created by
Shemen

Industries



Nanobeam

nB4

About



used to provide a
platform for the
development of
integrated electronics



Has excellent stability



Designed to reduce
routine service
requirements



Nanobeam

nB4

Short History



Founded in 2002



The goal was to produce
high performance and
cost effective electron
beam lithography tools



Game

Historical Timeline

Game

Game Mechanics


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