NURS 701 - Statistical Analysis Questions Assignment 1

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NURS 701
-

Statistical An
alysis Questions


Assignment 1


(Due b
y

Midnight
-

Sunday, September 8
th
)

For each of the questions below, carry out an appropriate analysis to a
nswer the research
questions.



For each question identify the parameter(s) of interest.

Example:

Y
ou might state,



mean month of the pregnancy that prenatal care began

for expecting
mothers in North Carolina
.



Some questions will require to you carry out an appropriate test to answer

the
question asked. If possible, be sure to quantify any significant findings using an
appropriate confidence interval.

Example:


Y
ou might carry out a

one
-
sample

t
-
test to determine if the
mean month that prenatal care
for expecting mothers began

is le
ss than 3 months.

If you conclude there is evidence that
the mean is less than 3 months, then you should provide a confidence interval for the
population mean as well.



Other questions involve estimation of a population parameter only, i.e. you do not
need

to carry out a statistical test. You should provide a point estimate

for the
parameter of interest and a 95% confidence interval.

Example:

You might be asked to estimate the mean month that prenatal care began for expecting
mothers in North Carolina. Th
us you should report the sample mean and find the
confidence interval for population mean.

North Carolina Birth Data


Data description:

The North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics and Howard W. Odum

Institute
for Research in Social Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill make
publicly available birth and infant death data for all children born in the state of North
Carolina. T
hese data can be accessed at:
http://www.irss.unc.edu/odum/j sp/content_node.jsp?nodeid=10

The data
for this assignment is
contained in

the file

NC

Birth

(n = 10000).JMP

represent
a random sample of n = 10
,0
00 births in North Carolina
in 2006.

The data is linked in
the
Dataset

section of the course website. Also b
e

sure download and print

the data
description file link
ed next to the data file. We will be using this data set throughout
the course.


Research Questions and Analysis
Tasks

Conduct an appropriate
statistical
analysis in JMP to answer the following research question
s
using the guidelines above. As this is the first assignment I want to include all relevant JMP
output of these research questions.

(5 pts. each)

1.

Is

the proportion of male and female babies born the same?


2.

Is the percentage of infants born with a low birth weight (< 2500g) greater for smokers than
non
-
smokers?


3.

Estimate the risk associated with smoking for having an infant with a low birth weight (<
2
500g).


4.

Is there evidence that prenatal

care

begins on average during the 1
st

trimester?


5.

Is there evidence that over one
-
third

(33%)

of babies in N.C. are born out of wedlock?


6.

Do the years of education differ between mothers and fathers?



7.

Is there
evidence that minority mothers have their first child at a younger age?


8.

Is there evidence that the gestational age of infants born to mothers who smoked during

pregnancy is less than that

for non
-
smoking mothers?


9.

Estimate the

percent
age

of labors
that

are induced.



10.

Estimate the

mean gestatio
nal age of infants born in NC.


11.


Is there evidence of a

difference

in the mean age

for

mothers
who gave birth vaginally vs.



those

who had a C
-
section?