14 steps to Successful SEO

Arya MirInternet και Εφαρμογές Web

1 Φεβ 2012 (πριν από 5 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

852 εμφανίσεις

14 steps to

successful SEO.

Ryan Spoon:

ryanspoon.com

Polaris Venture Partners:
polaris.vc

Dogpatch Labs:
dogpatchlabs.com

About Us:

Sample Companies

“Think
about what a
user is going to
type
.”

Matt
Cutts
, Google

Intro

-
I spent 2003
-
2007 at eBay, in part focused on

user acquisition and SEO


-
While the web has evolved, the basics of SEO
remain the same… and SEO is arguably more
important today:


-
Google is dominant search engine, and

-
Paid acquisition gets more expensive by the day



How it works: basic overview.

Google’s three steps:







1. Google must first
FIND

your content.

2. After
CRAWLING

your site, they
INDEX

the pages.

3. And ultimately
RANK

them within the greater index.



3.
Ranking

2.
Indexing

1.
Crawling

14 guidelines

From very high level :)


1. Content is King.

Google’s goal is to match each search query
with
the best, unique content
.


T
hat can come from any site / author.

(
obviously NYT.com has advantage over ryanspoon.com)


But: the best content wins in the long term.

It’s that simple :)



1. Content is King.

Search “Nike Air Max 95”

Nicekicks.com #1, #2. Nike.com #3, #4.

Why? Better content.

Search “Canon Rebel”.

Amazon #1. Canon #2, #3.

Why? Better content.

Page is huge! Product description,
reviews, related products,
etc

2
. Keyword Portfolio.

What queries do you want to target?

Considerations:



-

How
realistic & relevant

is the query?



-

Will
target customers
search it?



-

Is there
enough volume
for that query?



-

Is it already
too competitive
?



-

Who is the competition:
b
ig brands
?


Once you target queries, build a corresponding
keyword portfolio.

2
. Keyword Portfolio.

A great way to build the right keyword portfolio:

1. Use
Google’s Traffic estimator

2. Then analyze results for those queries





3
.
Findability
.

Content is King….

But Google has to be able to find it!


Best practices:


-

Link to content from high ranking / traffic pages


-

Feature mix of popular, recent & ‘random’ content


-

Create
topical hubs, guides
,
and lists


-

Leverage header, footer and/or sidebars


-

Update robots.txt
(overview coming, #4)


-

Create Google Sitemap
(overview coming, #11)

3
. Example: Yelp

Best of lists:

best content,
continuously
refreshes,
easy to
navigate.

Homepage
content
includes:
popular

and new
places.
Content &
categories
refresh.

Top locations
linked right
from the top.

“More” links
to sitemap.

Category list:
each link goes
to topical
hubpages
.

3
. Example: Wordpress.com

Content mix: popular, new
and changing variety.

Each tile features specific
blog post and blogger.
Each linked respectively.

Links to topic pages
(“posts about Cars”). This
goes to a topical
homepage.

4
. Accessibility.

-

Not all content should be accessible to search engines.

-

Robots.txt files declare what should / shouldn’t be crawled.

-

Note: it’s a public file. Anyone can see what sections you ‘hide’.


Learn more:

-

About:
http://
www.robotstxt.org/robotstxt.html

-

Robots.txt checker:
http://www.robotstxt.org/checker.html


5
. URL Structure.

URLs are as important as the text!

Should be descriptive and reflect the content.


Good





Bad




5
. URL Structure: Tips

-

Use keywords
-

not encoding!





-

For needed encoding, minimize and move towards end

-

URL keywords should reflect content & headers

-

shorter URLs put more weight on keywords (“
pitchdeck
”)

-

URLs that are too long appear
spammy

& dilute keywords


6
. Page Titles & Headers.

Similar strategy to URL structure:


1. Remember your query goal / keyword mix

2. URL + Page Title + Header should be related

3. Short and crisp > long and descriptive



extra words are dilutive!

4. Headers should read like a newspaper:


-

most important (H1) go atop


-

declines left
-
to
-
right and top to bottom

6
. Example:
HuffingtonPost
.

URL:

http://
www.huffingtonpost.com/20
12/01/10/
mitt
-
romney
-
new
-
hampshire
-
primary
-
results
-
2012
_n_1195638.html


Page Title:

Mitt Romney Wins: New
Hampshire Primary Results 2012


Header:

Mitt Romney Wins: New
Hampshire Primary Results 2012


Content:

reflects the above

7
. Meta Tags.

-

Less important than URLs, Titles and Headers…

-

But meta tags are easy, small wins and can impact
conversions by improving search result content:

Notice the
search
title & description
are same as meta
tag. OPTIMIZED by
Amazon.

8
. Anchor Tags.

Anchor Tags are important for two reasons:


1. They’re
hyperlinks

so they improve
findability


2. They give
context

to links


The same keyword targeting / optimization should apply
to anchor tags as it does to URL, Title, Headers,
Metas
.




9. Google Sitemaps

Google Sitemaps

are automated feeds that alert
Google of new, updated content.

Particularly useful for:


-

large
amounts of
content
(i.e. Yelp locations)


-

dynamic content
(i.e. eBay listing pages)


-

tough
-
to
-
crawl sites
(i.e. search driven, lots of AJAX)


Improves
findablity

and crawling.

…but does not affect
rankings.



10. Indexing Images

Images are integrated into core
search & in Google Images


Use
Alt Tags

to optimize images for
surrounding target keyword(s)…

and to provide another route to
accessing that demand:


<
img

src
=”URL.gif
” alt
=”
shawn

marion

title
=”
shawn

marion

dallas

mavericks”/>


11. Blogging (
Wordpress
)

Blogging is a tremendously powerful. And under
-
utilized.

Wordpress

is a great tool for
SEO, traffic acquisition.


Tips:

-

install All in One SEO Pack Plugin

-

make sure site “visibility” & “
pingomatic
” are on

-

Optimize URL permalinks
(per step #5!)


11. Blogging
(continued)

Other tips:


Write about what’s
currently being searched

(
Google Hot Trends
is a great tool)


Distribute & spread

Submitting to Twitter, Facebook
(public),
Reddit
,
etc

helps with
findability
.

Having other sites cover & link is
better!


11. blog.readyforzero.com

11.
b
log.kissmetrics.com

12. Adopt New Media, New Formats

Search results pages continue to change.

Google wants the most relevant and current
content & formats.


It’s your advantage to be a first
-
mover and to
adopt new platforms & formats:

-

Social
: Twitter, Facebook, Google+,
etc

-

Local
: Yelp, Google Places,
etc

-

Images &
media
:
ie

YouTube

12. New Media (Example)

From images
to videos to
blogs to
location


each format
is a chance
to optimize
and drive
traffic.

13. Track, Track, Track.

Look at the data to determine what’s working & what to target:

-
Referring queries

-
Rankings for those keywords

-
Your competitors rankings

-
Related keywords, queries

-
Breakdown by source / search engine

Tools: Google Analytics,
KISSmetrics
,
SEOmoz
,
Seobook

14. Bounce Rate.

Remember:

Traffic from search is usually a
first time visit
.


You must also
optimize for retention, conversion
.


The landing page must be
descriptive
,
welcoming

and
actionable
.


SEO is top of the funnel.

Reducing bounce means increasing conversion.

Learn more.

Connect with us.

polaris.vc

@
polarisvc

fb.com/
polarisventures

dogpatchlabs.com

@
dogpatchlabs

fb.com/
dogpatchlabs

ryanspoon.com

@
ryanspoon

fb.com/
ryanspoon