The European Soil Organic Matter Network EuroSOMNET European Union Contract ENV4-CT97-0434

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1

















The European Soil Organic Matter Network


EuroSOMNET


European Union Contract ENV4
-
CT97
-
0434





Second Annual Progress Report


1 November 1998
-

31 October 1999













Funded by t
he European Commission ENRICH programme (ENV4
-
CT97
-
0434)





2

Contents:


Part A:
Summary Progress Report


Part B:
Reports from individual partners


1)
IACR
-
Rothamsted

2)
UFZ
-
Leipzig
-
Halle

3)
VIUA
-
Moscow


Appendices:


Appendix 1:

Mid
-
term review meeting report

Appendix

2:

EuroSOMNET joint publication (English Abstract)

Appendix 3:
EuroSOMNET publicity brochure

Appendix 4:

Principles of dataset exchange

(between EuroSOMNET participants and
other possible users)

Appendix 5:

Collection Russian actual datasets in standard f
ormat at 01.10.1999






3

Part A: Summary Progress Report


1)

Contract No: ENV4
-
CT97
-
0434


2)

Title: European Soil Organic Matter Network (EuroSOMNET)


3)

Reporting Period: 1 November 1998
-

31 October 1999


4)

Project Coordinator: Dr Pete Smith, IACR
-
Rothamsted


5)

Project
participants:


a)

IACR
-
Rothamsted:

i)

Principle Investigator
: Dr Pete Smith

ii)

Contributing staff
: Dr Pete Smith, Kevin Coleman, Dr Jo Smith, Prof. D.S.
Powlson, Gordon Dailey and Pete Falloon

iii)
Role
: Overall project co
-
ordination, central computer database server
pr
ovision and administration, and regional co
-
ordinator for western Europe
(excluding Germany)

a)

UFZ
-
Leipzig
-
Halle:

i)

Principle Investigator
: Prof. Martin Körschens

ii)

Contributing staff
: Prof. Martin Körschens and Dr Uwe Franko

iii)
Role
: Database standard format desig
n and regional co
-
ordinator for
eastern Europe (all of CEES excluding NIS countries [plus Germany])

c) VIUA
-
Moscow:

i)

Principle Investigator
: Prof N. Milashenko

ii)

Contributing staff
: Prof N. Milashenko, Dr L. Shevtsova and Dr V.
Romanenkov

iii)
Role
: Regional co
-
or
dinator for NIS countries





4

Part A: Summary Progress Report


I General Objectives


The general objectives of EuroSOMNET are to establish a network of European SOM
modellers and long
-
term data holders and a database system of SOM models and
long
-
term SOM exp
eriments. Further, EuroSOMNET aims to promote coordination of
ongoing research and facilitate collaboration between European (EU, CEES and NIS)
research groups working on the effects of global environmental change on soil organic
matter (SOM).


In order t
o achieve these aims, the specific objectives of EuroSOMNET are to
establish a) a
network

of European SOM modellers and long
-
term data holders, and b)
a
database

system of SOM models and long
-
term SOM experiments. The network and
underpinning database syst
em will cover EU member states and other western
European countries (e.g. Switzerland), and extend to the central and east European
states (CEES), and the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union (NIS).


The network will allow contributors to:
a) share state
-
of
-
the
-
art methodologies and
knowledge in the field of modelling the effects of global change on SOM relevant to
Europe, and b) identify gaps and research priorities in SOM model development with
respect the global change to help meet EU obj
ectives. The building of the database
will entail: a) identifying datasets within Europe (EU, CEES and NIS) for inclusion in
EuroSOMNET, b) standardising the European datasets
-

this will mean devising an
agreed standard data format, c) developing methodol
ogies and protocols for the
quality control of datasets made available within the EuroSOMNET, and d) building a
central electronic EuroSOMNET database and linking this database to regional
network sites (in CEES and NIS) and electronic databases at individ
ual sites.


II Specific Objectives for the Reporting Period


The following objectives are taken directly from the Technical Annex:


a)

maintain and update EuroSOMNET WWW pages

b)

identify further experiments (and models) for inclusion in database

c)

collect further

metadata describing these experiments and models

d)

collect further actual datasets in standard format

e)

hold second EuroSOMNET project meeting in June 1999

f)

collate and submit second annual report


III Specific Objectives for the Next Reporting Period


The fol
lowing objectives are taken directly from the Technical Annex:


a)

finalise EuroSOMNET database system

b)

participate in final network meeting and produce final Project Report







5


IV Main Activities Undertaken


Work has progressed rapidly in the following areas:




Web
-
page maintenance



Certification and publicity brochure



Database development



Data
-
sharing principles



Quality control


minimum dataset


principles and examples



EuroSOMNET annual meeting



New data and meta
-
data


These will be described in more detail be
low and in the individual partner reports.


Web
-
page maintenance


The EuroSOMNET web pages have been maintained and updated every two months.
New reports and datasets are included. There are a number of met
-
data
-
sets from NIS
countries still to be entered
on the WWW pages. This task will be completed during
the final year of the project.


Certification and publicity brochure


Within the NIS countries there was a request for certification of the contributing
experiments. As a result, EuroSOMNET certificates
were designed, produced and
distributed to NIS EuroSOMNET contributors. In addition, since all new
EurSOMNET datasets also achieve GCTE
-
SOMNET status after quality control from
the GCTE Task 3.3.1 leaders, GCTE certification was also negotiated for these N
IS
contributors.


Following the success of an A4 3
-
fold publicity brochure for two other EU
-
funded
projects co
-
ordinated by IACR, it was decided to produce EuroSOMNET publicity
brochures. An example is attached as Appendix 3. These have been distributed to

relevant people / institutes and are taken to conferences to publicise the project. The
response has been very favourable.


Database development


Appendix 4 contains a schematic diagram of the fields available in the database. The
database has been improv
ed since the August meeting in Moscow to allow extra data
-
fields to be added, the most important of which is the provision for entry 10
-
daily
meteorological data (as most frequently found in NIS countries). A joint publication
was published on the database

and its application in NIS countries (see Appendix 2).









6


Data
-
sharing principles


The principles for data
-
sharing within the network were discussed in detail at the
Moscow meeting in August and following that meeting, UFZ prepared a document
(included
as Appendix 4) to describe these principles.


Quality control


minimum dataset


principles and examples


Following discussion at the August EuroSOMNET meeting in Moscow, it was
recognised that a minimum dataset needed to be defined. Following this discus
sion, a
document describing the minimum dataset was produced (see Individual Partners
report for UFZ). An example for the assessment of long
-
term datasets has also been
produced (see Individual Partners report for UFZ).


EuroSOMNET annual meeting


The Euro
SOMNET meeting in Moscow in August 1999 was very successful. A full
report is attached as Appendix 1. The meeting will guide our work during the final
year of the project.


New data and meta
-
data


Many of the new datasets to be identified are in NIS countr
ies. The Individual Partner
report of VIUA and Appendix 5 provide details on these new datasets and how much
metadata, actual data is available. IACR transferred part of its money to VIUA to
cover translation costs, since translation is a very time
-
consumi
ng and costly process.
The benefits of the addition of the rich body of NIS datasets to EuroSOMNET are
already clear. New datasets in the rest of Europe are becoming increasingly difficult to
find but we are now in the process of collecting actual datasets

for experiments where
we currently only have metadata.


V Joint Publications


Following the three papers arising from the project last year, we have produced one
more this year.


Milashenko, N., Shevtsova, L., Romanenkov, V., Smith, P., Korschens, M & Fra
nko,
U. 1999. Network of soil organic matter in NIS: Construction, maintenance, future
perspectives.
Proceedings Third IAMFE International Colloquium: Field experiments
for Sustainable Agriculture, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 1999. Vol. 1
: 116
-
118
(i
n Russian).


VI Changes in Status


There has been no change in status for any partner.








7



VII Delays


The second EuroSOMNET meeting was held in August 1999 instead of June 1999 as
planned due to other commitments of the participants. There have been no d
elays
regarding the contractual milestones of EuroSOMNET.


Possible problems for the forthcoming reporting period


It was identified last year that it would not be possible to implement a fully
-
linked
database structure envisaged at the outset of the proj
ect in NIS countries due to
insufficient computer hardware. We have not been successful in securing further
funding for improving the NIS computer infrastructure and so will need to rely on disk

/ CD versions of the database being distributed within the NI
S via VIUA
-
Moscow,
instead of an online link at VIUA. However, the IACR
-
Rothamsted and UFZ
-
Leipzig
-
Halle servers provide free access via the Internet and any NIS user with Internet
access can download all data from these servers.


VIII Summary of Progres
s Achieved


The EuroSOMNET web pages have been maintained and updated. EuroSOMNET
certificates have been designed, produced and distributed to NIS EuroSOMNET
contributors. In addition, since all new EuroSOMNET datasets also achieve GCTE
-
SOMNET status after

quality control from the GCTE Task 3.3.1 leaders, GCTE
certification was also negotiated for these NIS contributors. EuroSOMNET publicity
brochures have been produced (see Appendix 3). The database has been improved
since the August meeting in Moscow to a
llow extra data
-
fields to be added, the most
important of which is the provision for entry 10
-
daily meteorological data (as most
frequently found in NIS countries). A joint publication was published on the database
and its application in NIS countries (see

Appendix 2).


The principles for data
-
sharing within the network were discussed in detail at the
Moscow meeting in August and following that meeting, UFZ prepared a document
(included as Appendix 4) to describe these principles. It was also recognised th
at a
minimum dataset needed to be defined. Following this discussion, a document
describing the minimum dataset was produced as well as an example for the
assessment of long
-
term datasets. The EuroSOMNET meeting in Moscow in August
1999 was very successful

(Appendix 1). Many of the new datasets to be identified are
in NIS countries. The Individual Partner report of VIUA and Appendix 5 provide
details on these new datasets and how much metadata, actual data is available. IACR
transferred part of its money t
o VIUA to cover translation costs, since translation is a
very time
-
consuming and costly process. The benefits of the addition of the rich body
of NIS datasets to EuroSOMNET are already clear. New datasets in the rest of Europe
are becoming increasingly di
fficult to find but we are now in the process of collecting
actual datasets for experiments where we currently only have metadata.


Signature of Co
-
ordinator:





8



Date:





9

Part B: Detailed report of the individual partners


Reporting period:


1 November 1998
-

31 October 1999


Partner:




IACR
-
Rothamsted


Principle Investigator:

Dr Pete Smith


Contributing staff:

Dr Pete Smith, Kevin Coleman, Dr Jo Smith, Prof. D.S.
Powlson, Gordon Dailey and Pete Falloon


Address:



IACR
-
Rothamsted





Harpenden, Herts





A
L5 2JQ, U.K.


Telephone:



+44 1582 763 133


Fax:




+44 1582 769 222


E
-
mail:



pete.smith@bbsrc.ac.uk


I

Objectives for the Reporting Period


IACR
-
Rothamsted is the project co
-
ordinator and also the regional EuroSOMNET co
-
ordinator for western Europe. T
he objectives for IACR
-
Rothamsted for this reporting
period were:


g)

act as overall project co
-
ordinator

h)

maintain and update EuroSOMNET WWW pages

i)

identify further experiments (and models) in western European countries

j)

collect further metadata describing thes
e experiments and models

k)

collect further actual datasets in standard format

l)

participate in second EuroSOMNET project meeting in June 1999

m)
collate and submit second annual report


II

Objectives for the Next Reporting Period


a)

act as overall project co
-
ordin
ator

b)

maintain and update EuroSOMNET WWW pages

c)

identify further experiments (and models) in western European countries

d)

collect further metadata describing these experiments and models

e)

collect further actual datasets in standard format

f)

participate in final E
uroSOMNET project meeting in June 2000

g)

collate and submit final report









10

III

Problems


There have been no significant problems this year, either with IACR’s work or with
the co
-
ordination of the project. Due to the large number of western
-
European datas
ets
already included in the EuroSOMNET database, it is increasingly more difficult to
identify new datasets.


Schedule


There have been no delays regarding the contractual milestones of EuroSOMNET.


IV Main Results Obtained


Project co
-
ordination


Project

co
-
ordination has been easy this year with all partners working well together.
VIUA
-
Moscow organised the annual meeting in Moscow with input from the co
-
ordinator. All financial and administrative duties have been completed on or ahead of
schedule.


Maint
enance and update of EuroSOMNET WWW pages


The EuroSOMNET web pages have been maintained and updated every two months.
New reports and datasets are included. There are a number of met
-
data
-
sets from NIS
countries still to be entered on the WWW pages. This
task will be completed during
the final year of the project.


Identification of further experiments (and models) in western European countries, the
collection of new metadata and the collection of new actual datasets


This has been difficult due to the lar
ge number of western European datasets already
included in EuroSOMNET. The EuroSOMNET brochures (see below) were designed
to publicise the project more widely and to encourage response. During the year, all
EuroSOMNET partners were contacted to assess opin
ion on the sharing of actual
datasets. A large number of responses were received. These will be processed during
the final year and potential contributors of actual datasets will be invited to submit
datasets.


Collation and submission of the second EuroSO
MNET annual report


This report fulfils our commitment to this objective.


Certification


In addition to our contractual obligations, two further tasks were undertaken this year.
Within the NIS countries there was a request for certification of the contrib
uting
experiments. As a result, EuroSOMNET certificates were designed, produced and
distributed to NIS EuroSOMNET contributors. In addition, since all new




11

EurSOMNET datasets also achieve GCTE
-
SOMNET status after quality control from
the GCTE Task 3.3.1 lea
ders, GCTE certification was also negotiated for these NIS
contributors.


EuroSOMNET publicity brochure


Following the success of an A4 3
-
fold publicity brochure for two other EU
-
funded
projects co
-
ordinated by IACR, it was decided to produce EuroSOMNET pu
blicity
brochures. An example is attached as Appendix 3. These have been distributed to
relevant people / institutes and are taken to conferences to publicise the project. The
response has been very favourable.


V Publications


Following the three papers a
rising from the project last year, we have produced one
more this year.



Milashenko, N., Shevtsova, L., Romanenkov, V., Smith, P., Korschens, M & Franko,
U. 1999. Network of soil organic matter in NIS: Construction, maintenance, future
perspectives.
Proce
edings Third IAMFE International Colloquium: Field experiments
for Sustainable Agriculture, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 1999. Vol. 1
: 116
-
118
(in Russian).


Signature of Partner:



Date:





12

Part B: Detailed report of the individual partners


Reporting
period:


1 November 1998
-

31 October 1999


Partner:


UFZ
-
Leipzig
-
Halle


Principle Investigator:

Prof. Martin Körschens


Contributing staff:


Prof. Martin Körschens and Dr Uwe Franko


Address:



UFZ
-
Leipzig
-
Halle





Centre for Environmental Research Lt
d.





Sektion Bodenforschung





Theodor Liser Str. 4





D
-
06120 Halle





Germany


Telephone:



+49 345 5585 432


Fax:




+49 345 5585 449


E
-
mail:



ufranko@bdf.ufz.de


I

Objectives for the Reporting Period


UFZ
-
Leipzig
-
Halle is the regional EuroSOMNE
T co
-
ordinator for eastern European
(CEES) countries and for Germany. The objectives for UFZ for this reporting period
were:


a) identify further new experiments (and models) in CEES countries and Germany

b)

collect further metadata describing these experimen
ts and models

c)

collect further actual datasets in standard format

d)

participate in the second EuroSOMNET project meeting in June 1999.


In addition to these contractual commitments, UFZ has taken a leading role in the
development of the new database structure

and prepared a paper on methods to
evaluate long
-
term experiments.


II

Objectives for the Next Reporting Period


a)

identify further experiments (and models) in western European countries

b)

collect further metadata describing these experiments and models

c)

coll
ect further actual datasets in standard format

c)

finalise EuroSOMNET database system

d)

host final EuroSOMNET project meeting in June 2000








13

III

Problems


There have been no significant problems this year.


Schedule


There have been no delays regarding the co
ntractual milestones of EuroSOMNET.


IV Main Results Obtained


EuroSOMNET Database structure


UFZ has played an instrumental role in designing and building the new
EuroSOMNET database. Appendix 4 contains a schematic diagram of the fields
available in the

database. The database has been improved since the August meeting
in Moscow to allow extra data
-
fields to be added, the most important of which is the
provision for entry 10
-
daily meteorological data (as most frequently found in NIS
countries).


EuroSOMNE
T


Principles for data
-
sharing


The principles for data
-
sharing within the network were discussed in detail at the
Moscow meeting in August and following that meeting, UFZ prepared a document
(included as Appendix 4) to describe these principles.


Minimum

data
-
sets and the main principles of long
-
term information assessment


Long
-
term field experiments are a very expensive, but also an indispensable
experimental basis to solve the problems of sustainable soil use, management systems,
development of simulat
ion models and special questions of plant nutrition. Therefore
it is necessary to use the results of all long
-
term experiments comprehensive with
view to a complete utilisation of the information value of these experiments.

The SOMNET database is the basis

for this aim. There are very different demands. On
the one hand the user want only the simple information about the existence of an
experiment with some indications about site conditions, soil properties, the
experimental design and in the end the address

of the responsible person to contact
him.

On the other hand the user want very detailed data about the management, soil
properties, daily indications about the atmospheric conditions over a long period a.s.o.
for the verification of complex simulation mo
dels. In some cases all data of the
experiments are available, in other cases the documentation of the results are very
incomplete and it will be nearly impossible to collect all information of the last
decades. So it is essential to fix different levels
for the store of the data.


1.

Level 1
:


The first level include only the experimental metadata as a information about:

-

experiment

-

contact person





14

-

environment

-

soil characteristics

-

land use and treatment (including a detailed description of factors,

levels and
treatments)

-

measurements made during the experiments

-

experimental design (including field map, size of the plots, design)

-

data available in electronic format

-

key references


(
Compare annex 1
)



Everybody can use this database. Th
is first level is mainly thought for
scientists who

want a contact to the responsible person to get special information.



It would be very advisable to collect all LTE all over the world with a duration of
more


than 10 y
ears in this part of SOMNET


2. Level 2:

= Level 1, additional:

2.1


yields of all treatments in the last period, minimum 10 years, as dry matter


2.2


chemical properties of the harvest products of all treatments (main products
and by
-


products) like N,

P, K, starch, sugar, etc.



2.3


chemical soil properties for all treatments for the ploughing layer, for example
pH,


C
org
, N
t
, P, K, Mg



2.4 biological and physical soil properties for all treatments in the ploughing layer



2.5.

c
hemical, biological and physical soil properties in the deeper layers for all
treatments


Level 2 makes possible simple utilisation, for example quantification of yield
potential of different sites and crops, that mean quantification of the relations betwe
en
site and yield, diversion of ratios for soil fertility, information about site conditions.

Parameters of level 2.1 and 2.3 are possible either exclusively or in combination with
each other.


3.

Level 3:


Complete information with all data which are necess
ary for verification of simulation


models

-

Metadata, description of the main soil properties, especially physical
properties, up to 1 m depths

-

weather data: precipitation, temperature, humidity, sunshine, (daily)

-

management data (constant factors ) to
describe all actions

-

complete data corresponding 2.1

2.2, for special experiments also 2.3


2.5





15


In conclusion, it can be summarized:


Preconditions for including a long
-
term experiment in SOMNET are at minimum the
metadata. The highest level is the co
mplete dataset with all detailed information about
experiment, site, constant factor, climatic conditions and resulting characters (plants
harvest products and soil) at minimum ten years ago. Between both extremes all
combinations are allowed.


Examples fo
r evaluation of long
-
term experiments


Long
-
term experiments (LTE) are a very expensive, but also an inevitable means of
findings, especially to investigate the problems of sustainable land use, food security,
quantification of carbon and nitrogen cycle, c
limate change, water quality and C
content in the atmosphere. These aspects are today of high importance for agriculture
as well as for the whole environment.

A comprehensive evaluation of many long
-
term experiments under different soil
-

and
climatic condi
tions is a contribution to solve current global problems and to use the
information value of LTE. Especially development, verification and utilization of
simulation models are of great importance and impossible without results of LTE. But
also relatively s
imple statistical evaluations be suited for these tasks. Prerequisite is in
all cases the availability of the dates, that means an electronic data base like
SOMNET.


Useful conclusions can be derived from the results of LTE for sustainable
management, espe
cially about:




The dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in soil



The influence of SOM on crop yield



The interaction between soil and adjacent water and atmospheric ecosystems



The carbon and nitrogen output on basis of balances



Diversion of optimal humus content
in arable soils


In the following, some examples will be described.


The impact of management on the mineralizable carbon content in the soil was
quantified by using the results of numerous long
-
term experiments, listed in Table 1
and of other long
-
term ex
periments in Bad Lauchstädt (Germany). Optimal soil
carbon and nitrogen contents were estimated using the difference between control plot
and the carbon content in the plot with highest organic and mineral fertilization.



According to the results of previ
ous studies, the carbon content of the control plots
which have not received any fertiliser for decades is regarded as a criterion for the
inert
-
or stable
-
carbon (C
i
), i.e. carbon which is not involved in transfo
r
mation
processes. The carbon input by roots

on loamy soils is less than 0.1 % C and is not
taken into account. On very light sandy soils there is no plant growth on control plots
and thus no carbon input.






16



Table 1. Overview of the evaluated long
-
term fertilization experiments.



No
.

Experimental

sites

Initial year

clay
content


%

Mean

Temp


°C

preci
-
pita
-

tion

mm

Author

1

G
roß
K
reutz (P 60)

1959

2

8,9

537

Asmus, 1990a

2

Groß
K
reutz (M 4)

1967

2

8,9

537

Asmus, 1990b

3

Bad
Sa
lzungen

1966

2

7,7

600

Ansorge et al., 1992

4

Th
yrow (soil fert.)

1938

3

8,6

520

Schnieder, 1990

5

Th
yrow

1937

3

8,6

520

Schnieder, 1990

6

As
cov (Denmark)

1894

4

7,7

790

Christensen, 1989

7


ncheberg

1963

5

8,2

521

Rogasik, 1995 unpubl.

8

Sk
ierniewice (Poland)

1923

5

7,9

520

Mercik, 1993

9


lmen

1958

5

9,7

878

Wollrin
g, 1993 unpubl.

10

Berlin
-
Da
hlem

1923

5

9,2

549

Krzysch et al., 1992

11

Ro
stock

1953

6

8,4

599

Reuter, 1990

12

Sp
röda

1966

6

8,3

540

Ansorge et al., 1992

13

Se
ehausen (crop rot.)

1958

8

9,0

556

Leithold, 1992

14

Se
ehausen (comb.)

1967

8

9,0

556

Hülsbe
rgen, 1992

15

Ha
lle

1878

8

9,2

501

Stumpe et al., 1990

16

As
cov (Denmark)

1894

12

7,7

790

Christensen, 1989

17

Be
rnburg

1910
-
1962

16

8,8

474

Wabersich, 1967

18

Bad
La
uchstädt

1902

21

8,7

484

Körschens et al., 1994

19

Gr
ignon (France)

1875

22

11

640

Ho
uot et al., 1995

20


rna (Sweden)

1958

30

6

550

Pettersson et al., 1992


Experiments without specification of country are located in Germany



The differences in the carbon and nitrogen co
n
tent between the control plots
and the differently fertilized pl
ots of long
-
term experiments are taken as experimental
proof for the mineralizable SOM.


Figure 1 shows the results of 20 long
-
term experiments. The C
org

content of the
control plots (C
i
) lies between 0.34 and 2.45 % with a mean value of 0.85 %. The
differ
ence between the control plot and the treatments with the highest fe
r
tilization
(C
m
) ranges from 0.17 to 0.66 % and is 0.37 % on average.





17


Fig. 1: Content of inert carbon (C
i
) and mineralizable carbon (C
m
) in selected long
-
term experiments (see Table 1)



In Fig. 2 the C
org

and N
t

contents of the treatments without any fertilizer, with
exclusive mineral fertilization and with combined fertilisation, are given for selected
long
-
term experiments. The C
i

content ranges from 0.56 to 2.45 %, the exclusively
min
eral fertilization causes an increase of 0.08 to 0.16 %, and the influence of the
additional manure fertilization shows an i
n
crease of 0.37 % on average (0.16 % ...
0.50 %). At the same time, the close connection between the clay content and the C
i

content

is evident, the latter rising significantly with the clay co
n
tent.




From the results of various long
-
term field experiments (Fig. 3) can be derived that on
loamy soils under the climatic conditions of central Europe, an increase of 0.3 % (0.2
up to 0.4)

in the C
-
content (compared to the „nil“ fertilization) is achieved as a long
-
term effect until reaching the flow equilibrium maintaining an application rate of
10

t/ha farmyard manure annually.


On sandy soils with a significantly higher mineralization ac
tivity, the increase in the

C
-
content of the soil is only 0.1 % if the same quantity of farmyard manure is applied.

Experimental sites




18


Fig. 2: Influence of farmyard manure (FYM) and mineral fertilization (NPK) on the
soil carbon and nitrogen content in selected long
-
term
experiments



Fig. 3: Differences in C and N content in the upper layer between Nil plot and FYM in selected long -
term field experiments, calculated for 10 t/ha FYM annualy
Askov (Dk) sand
Müncheberg (D)
Dülmen (D)
Seehausen (D)
Skieniewice (P)
Halle (D)
Dikopshof (D)
Bad Lauchstädt (D)
Grignon (F)
Järna (S)
0
0,02
0,04
0
0,2
0,4
Corg-%
Nt-%
sandy soil
loamy soil


From these and previous investigations (Körschens et al., 1997) it can be concluded:




discussion about SOM require that at least two fractions are considered, one being
relatively inert (hardly involved in mineralization processes), the ot
her being
decomposable and thus dependent on soil and crop management



changes of the C
org

content in soil are almost exclusively the decomposable part of
the carbon which changes very slowly

0,84
1,29
2,27
2,98
0,055
0,12
0,192
0,25
Skierniewice
Seehausen
Lauchstädt
Järna
0
1
2
3
0
0,1
0,2
0,3
without.
NPK
FYM+NPK
without
NPK
FYM+NPK
nitrogen
carbon




19



the mineralizable carbon and nitrogen fall within a rel
a
tively na
rrow optimal
range, which under the conditions of central Europe and comparable locations
amounts to 0.2 to 0.6 % C and 0.02 to 0.06 % N, respectively. Lower contents of
mineralizable carbon and nitr
o
gen are insufficient for soil fertility and yield.


V P
ublications


Following the three papers arising from the project last year, we have produced one
more this year.



Milashenko, N., Shevtsova, L., Romanenkov, V., Smith, P., Korschens, M & Franko,
U. 1999. Network of soil organic matter in NIS: Construction
, maintenance, future
perspectives.
Proceedings Third IAMFE International Colloquium: Field experiments
for Sustainable Agriculture, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 1999. Vol. 1
: 116
-
118
(in Russian).


Signature of Partner:



Date:






20

Part B: Detailed rep
ort of the individual partners


Reporting period:


1 November 1998
-

31 October 1999


Partner:




VIUA
-
Moscow


Principle Investigator:

Prof. N. Milashenko


Contributing staff:


Prof. N. Milashenko, Dr L. Shevtsova and Dr V.

Romanenkov



Address:



All
-
R
ussian Institute for Fertilizers and Agricultural




Soil Scinece named after Pryanishnikov (VIUA)





ul. Pryanishnikova





31 127550 Moscow





Russia


Telephone:



+7 095 976 4623


Fax:




+7 095 976 2374


E
-
mail:



viua@online.ru


I

Objectives for t
he Reporting Period


VIUA
-
Moscow is the regional EuroSOMNET co
-
ordinator for NIS countries. The
objectives for VIUA for this reporting period were:


a) identify further new experiments (and models) in NIS countries

b)

collect further metadata describing these

experiments and models

c)

collect further actual datasets in standard format

d)

organise and host second EuroSOMNET project meeting in June 1999.


II

Objectives for the Next Reporting Period


a)

identify further new experiments (and models) in NIS countries

b)

colle
ct further metadata describing these experiments and models

c)

collect further actual datasets in standard format

d)

participate in final EuroSOMNET project meeting in June 2000

e)

Complete translation of metadata and provision of NIS datasets


III

Problems


There

have been no problems severe enough to threaten achievement of contractual
milestones. All milestones have been met and surpassed.


Some problems of the technical nature were as follows:






21

One of the problems connects with preparation of English versions o
f metadata
because of
the loss of
one

member
from VIUA

staff (
Maria Garbouz) who have been
involved in translation. Another problem to be solved is necessity to hire additional
temporary computer men to prepare

electronic versions of actual data whic
h have
been received previously as printed materials. These problems were discussed during
August meeting and it was agreed about t
he possibility of additional financing for
VIUA from IACR
-
Rothamsted’s portion of EuroSOMNET money for translation and
prepar
ation of electronic versions of the metadata
.

I
t is anticipated that
the work with
database construction and metadata translation
can be completed
as planned without
delay.

Active work with collection of NIS actual datasets in a standard format revealed
s
ome difficulties, the most important of them are:

*


for a long period in the former USSR and now in NIS distinct unified
standards for collection and storage long
-
term experimental information were not
elaborated so the investigators from local sites who
now involved in EuroSOMNET
activity are forced to collect initial information from original sources such as field
diaries and annual site reports;

*


after changing of duty person especially for experiments with long time span
experimental data have been pa
rtly lost;

*


not all long
-
term experiments have running their own local meteorological
stations and some of that stations existed have been closed during reconstruction
period as a result of financial shortages
-

that situation leads to gaps in meteorologic
al
files;

*


the average meteorological information for the USSR and NIS exists as 10
-
day figures as usual instead of more common weekly data for European countries;

*


because of very poor computer facilities at NIS stations involved in the
project the bigge
st part of information received by VIUA exist as printed material and
additional work is necessary for preparation electronic versions of these datasets;

*


additional agreement is necessary for unification yield data
-

in some
experiments it includes only t
op crop parts removed and for others additionally
stubble and root debris;

*


it is necessary to include information about dry matter (DM) content for each
crop yield to make it appropriate for inclusion in different dynamic models.


The biggest difficulty

as we see it now is the absence of standard practice of storage
agricultural and meteorological datasets in an electronic form and connected with that
problem of data exchange via WWW. It can be solved only with time and VIUA will
try to facilitate ado
ption unified approaches in data collection and processing in NIS.


Schedule


A
ll project milestones have been met . There have been no delays. The only alteration
to the schedule was to defer the meeting in Moscow to
August
1999
instead of June
because f
irst term was not appropriate for all partners.


IV Main Results Obtained






22

Identification of new sites and metadata collection


According to the 1999 EuroSOMNET working program VIUA mainly
completed work with editing new collected NIS metadata, preparation

of electronic
English versions and transmission of them to the main coordinator. For Russia it
includes 20 long
-
term experiments metadata from the list of experiments which have
been identified in the previous year, for Belarus republic
-

2 metadata, for

Ukraine
-
12 metadata, for Moldova republic
-

4 metadata, for Georgia
-

7 metadata. Total
quantity for NIS is at present 45 and preparation all of them in a common English
format is planned to be finished at the end of 1999 year (Table 1).

Ukraine sub
-
c
oordinator submitted in 1999 additions for all 12 sites metadata
after discussion possible improvements with VIUA. Georgia initially declared 20 field
experiments from 1 tea plantation but after series of meetings in VIUA it was decided
to include 7 of the
m as the most appropriate for SOM databases representing most
contrasting cases. Moldova metadata include sites from main natural zones of that
republic. For Belarus 2 else experiments which have been additionally planned for
participation were then o
mitted based mainly on comparatively shorter
experimentation period (since 1986).


Table 1:
Preparation of EuroSOMNET NIS long
-
term experiments metadata at
1.08.1999


NIS country

Collected
metadata

Translated and
submitted to the

co
-
ordinator

Preparation
for
submission
(translation, editing)

Russia

20

8

12

Belarus

2

2

-

Ukraine

12

12

-

Moldova

4

-

4

Georgia

7

-

7

Total

45

22

23


Organization of standard format database
s


VIUA actively involving in collection actual datasets in new standard DOS data

format. For Russia the present situation in that work is depicted in Appendix 4.
Information about collection of other NIS datasets have been prepared in Table 2.

Two years ago VIUA completed new inventory of acting Russian field
experiments (long
-

an
d short
-
term) and will widely use results of EuroSOMNET
activity in NIS for informing the institutions of Russian Geographical Network of
Field Experiments.

In
1999 VIUA

because of participation in LASSEE international project
received possibility of

Internet connection
required to enable participat
ion

in

Internet
data exchange
.

Nevertheless this data exchange is possible at present only for 3
countries
-
participants (via telephone line) but not inside NIS even between VIUA and
sub
-
coordinators.
VIU
A will therefore
is not able to participate as full Internet
database provider and will prepare to
have a stand
-
alone version of the database
(stored as text files)
. For that purpose each new DOS
-
version of dataset after




23

collection and editing will be sen
d to UFZ for organisation DBF
-
files in standard
EuroSOMNET format and return to VIUA.

Three databases have been completed and submitted to the project coordinator

in the
new EuroSOMNET standard
. Six more

NIS
datasets
are in the process of preparation
in V
IUA and only
need to be
added by some additional data required in a new
EuroSOMNET standard format

. It is anticipated that this task will be completed
in
November

1999
, as it was decided during second workshop in Moscow.

Only two Russian institutions (fr
om Table 2) not engaged in preparation of actual
datasets (Bashkiria Agric. Inst. and Solykamsk Experimental Station). All others sites
which not yet submitted their datasets to VIUA (7 sites) are actively involved in
collection of required data in accorda
nce with requirements of new EuroSOMNET
standard format. VIUA works closely with duty persons at the sites providing
additional advisory service. The main items for discussion in 1999 were



inclusion information about straw yield and tops of row crops, whe
re possible;



specification of DM percent for different crops;



annual figure for N atmospheric input;



forced changes one culture to another (for ex. winter to spring crop);



quantitative FYM parameters, where possible.


Table 2:

C
ollect
ion

NIS countries
actu
al datasets in standard format

at 01.10.1999


NIS country

EuroSOMNET
experiments, total

Collected in
electronic format

Collected as
printed material

Belarus

2

1

-

Ukraine

12

1

-

Moldova

4

1

-

Georgia

7

-

-



The Second EuroSOMNET meeting


The
second

E
uroSOMNET project meeting was held on
9
-
13 August

199
9

at
VIUA
-
Moscow
. The full text of the minutes of the meeting can be found in Appendix
...

The
meeting was attended by representatives from IACR
-
Rothamsted (
3

participants),
UFZ
-
Halle (
2

participants) a
nd VIUA
-
Moscow (
5

participants).

At the meeting
it was decided to adopt principles of EuroSOMNET information
exchange for different users by November 1999 after discussion of draft proposals.

UFZ
-
Halle (Dr. Uwe Franko) will elaborate a new
meteorologica
l data block in the
EuroSOMNET database for storage 10
-
day average information

(especially for
storage NIS data) and prepare documentation for assessment significance of long
-
term information as a step for possible future standardization of field experime
ntation
work (Prof. M . Koershens).

UFZ and VIUA also agreed to carry out additional analytical work
with
samples from Russian long
-
term experiments for comparison of laboratory methods
of soil granulometric composition and agrochemical properties which
are traditional
for Russia and Western Europe

and VIUA provided 10 soil samples from 2 Russain
sites for that work.






24

Further Issues


Based on the results of August meeting VIUA in September have prepared and
sent mail packages for NIS participants which in
clude

*


S
econd EuroSOMNET meeting

report 9
-
13 August 1999
;

*


IACR
-
Rothsamsted 1998 Newsletter;

*


Questionnaire for principles of data exchange;

*


Covering letter.

The questionnaire for long
-
term experimental data holders contains a question about
appropriate
principle of data exchange:

The dataowner can choose among the most appropriate answer



Wish to share my dataset with other scientists only after personal contact with me;



Wish to share my dataset with other EuroSOMNET members with password
protection;



Wis
h to share my dataset with other EuroSOMNET members
-
providers of their
own actual datasets with password protection;



Wish to share my dataset freely available via Internet



Other proposals.

We hope that questionnaire will help in a future work with elabora
tion main principles
of information exchange.

The covering letter includes also information about new EuroSOMNET and GCTE
-
SOMNET certificates for stations which have
submitted metadata information and
application forms to join GCTE SOMNET
. For others who
still not join GCTE
SOMNET (4 sites in Russia and Moldova) package mail also contains the necessary
application in Russian and English with GCTE Data Sharing Policy.

New information package will also planning to mail with 1999 Newsletter of IACR
-
Rothams
ted.

During 1999 VIUA worked in a close contact with the Russian sites and NIS sub
-
coordinators. It was decided instead of a new 1999
meeting of EuroSOMNET project
sub
-
coordinators from NIS republics and Russian participants

to invite duty persons
individ
ually in VIUA for necessary advisory service, solving difficulties in databases
construction and discussion possible improvements, if any.

Because of rather poor computer facilities at the sites the main possible ways of
connection in NIS are telephone

calls and mail
-

the former leads to time delays and
the letter is quite expensive.

Therefore part of the 1999 EuroSOMNET money from VIUA sum was spent for
telephone calls payment.

For
increasing the role of Russian 20 long
-
term experiments
-

participa
nts of
EuroSOMNET project

a special schedule of Russian Federation long
-
term field
experiments have been elaborated with providing

appropriate certificates

by Russian
Agricultural Academy of Science (RAAS)
.



V Publications


Following the three papers ari
sing from the project last year, we have produced one
more this year.







25

Milashenko, N., Shevtsova, L., Romanenkov, V., Smith, P., Korschens, M & Franko,
U. 1999. Network of soil organic matter in NIS: Construction, maintenance, future
perspectives.
Proceed
ings Third IAMFE International Colloquium: Field experiments
for Sustainable Agriculture, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 1999. Vol. 1
: 116
-
118
(in Russian).


Signature of Partner:



Date:




26

Appendix 1:

Mid
-
term meeting Report


Draft report of second EuroS
OMNET meeting

9
-
13 August 1999
-

VIUA
-
Moscow



1) Participants



Pete Smith
-

IACR
-
Rothamsted

Gordon Dailey
-

IACR
-
Rothamsted

Kevin Coleman
-

IACR
-
Rothamsted

Martin Koerschens
-

UFZ
-
Halle


Uwe Franko
-

UFZ
-

Halle

Nikolai Milashenko
-

VIUA
-
Moscow

Shimon Litvak
-

VIUA
-
Moscow

Lyudmila Shevtsova
-

VIUA
-
Moscow

Vladimir Romanenkov
-

VIUA
-
Moscow

Victoria Rodionova
-

VIUA
-
Moscow


Also circulate report to:

Vladimir Varlamov
-

VIUA Central Experimental Station, Moscow Region


Oleg S
irotenko
-

Institute for Agricultural Meteorology, Obninsk


2)

Report of existing status and progress



The Workshop was opened by VIUA director N.Milashenko with short
information about VIUA’s main activities and proposed prospective directions

for
future international co
-
operation.


Pete Smith, the EuroSOMNET co
-
ordinator (IACR
-
Rothamsted) presented a
report about EuroSOMNET project role in GCTE , informed the meeting about
finishing field experiments metadata collection in Decemb
er 1999, loading this
information at site of long
-
term experiments and preparation of second volume of
EuroSOMNET model and experimental metadata. For NIS field stations which
submitted metadata information and application forms to join GCTE SOMNET, the
pr
oject co
-
ordinator issued appropriate certificates.

Uwe Franko (UFZ
-
Halle) gave an overview of new standard format of long
-
term experiments database for collection and maintenance of actual data. Currently
there are 6 data
-
sets in the new standard format.

It was noted that there is strong need
to define the main principles of data access for different users and define unified
minimal requirements of submitted long
-
term experimental information for stations
GCTE
-
participants. This was addressed later in the

workshop.

Lyudmila Shevtsova informed the meeting that in the framework of the
EuroSOMNET project, VIUA have reached 45 agreements with duty persons of NIS
long
-
term experiments about participation, 22 meta
-
data
-
sets have been submitted to
the co
-
ord
inator, and 23 are in the process of editing and translation. At present 6 NIS
databases have been collected
-

3 in Russia, 1 in Belarus, 1 in Ukraine, and 1 in
Moldova. Difficulties during the preparation of data
-
sets were discussed.





27

Having completed the

overview of the project, the remainder of the workshop
was spent discussing specific questions relating to the principles of different types of
access to actual data for the project participants and other users, certification of field
and analytical work,

harmonisation of soil sampling methods, and verification and
evaluation of databases.



3) Visiting of scientific institutions and experimental fields


The workshop participants visited the All
-
Russian Research Institute for
Agricultural Mete
orology (Obninsk, Kaluga Region). The main activities of the
institute are influence of meteorological factors on crop productivity, yield prognosis
for different Russian regions and NIS countries as well as global climate change role
on crop growth in dif
ferent agroecosystems. VIUA and Institute for Agrometeorology
collaborate in research of SOM transformation as affected by different climatic factors
based on dynamic modelling approaches.

The workshop participants visited the VIUA Central Experimental Sta
tion for
knowledge of scientific and research activity and short and long
-
term experiments. At
present the station continues 9 long
-
term experiments with conservation of some
others. R&D perspectives have been discussed for possible inclusion in programs o
f
international co
-
operation. It was proposed by UFZ
-
Halle participants to plan
analytical work with samples from Russian long
-
term experiments based at their
institute for comparison of laboratory methods of soil granulometric composition and
agrochemical

properties which are traditional for Russia and Western Europe.



4) Actions to be taken during 1999
-
2000 years



1) Preparation of Second EuroSOMNET Workshop Report .
Action:
Ludmila Shevtsova,


Vladimir

Romanenkov by 1 September 1999.

2) Finishing European and NIS long
-
term experiments metadata collection and
submittion to the co
-
ordinator.
Action: Pete Smith, Martin Koershens, Nikolai
Milashenko by 31 December 1999

3) Generalization of metadata informat
ion, preparation of interim electronic
and printed versions of the materials obtained.
Action: Pete Smith, electronic forms
by May 2000, printed copy
-

no deadline

4) Description of the main principles of long
-
term information assessment and
circulate to a
ll participants.
Action: Martin Koerschens by 1 November 1999

5) Development of the meteorological data block in the EuroSOMNET
database for storage 10
-
day average information.
Action: Uwe Franko by 1
November 1999

6) Draft documentation for principles of
datasets exchange between
EuroSOMNET participants and other possible users with circulation to all project
particpants.

Action: Uwe Franko & Kevin Coleman by 1 October 1999

7) Discussion of the draft proposal (in 6 above) one month after presentation
and a
doption principles of information exchange.
Action: Pete Smith by 1
November 1999





28

8) Editing and submission to UFZ of 6 long
-
term experiments datasets of
Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova.
Action: Lydmila Shevtsova, Vladimir
Romanenkov by 31 November 19
99

9) Construction of 8 databases of CEES and German long
-
term experiments.
Action: Martin Koerschens, Uwe Franko by 31 December 1999

10) Construction of extra datasets of Western Europe long
-
term experiments.

Action: Pete Smith by 31 December 1999

11) Lo
ading actual databases of long
-
term experiments at UFZ site in standard
format.
Action: Uwe Franko (no deadline
-

when new data
-
sets are ready)

12) Preparing and submission to the co
-
ordinator summary of 1998
-
99 year
work.

Action: Pete Smith, Martin Koersh
ens, Nikolai Milashenko by 1 October
1999

13) Preparing co
-
ordinated report and submission to EC.
Action: Pete Smith
by 30 November 1999


5)

Administrative details



The possibility of additional financing for VIUA from IACR
-
Rothamsted’s
portion
of EuroSOMNET money for translation and preparation of electronic versions
of the meta
-
data was discussed and agreed.


6) Next meeting


Provisional date of next meeting is 15
-
21 June 2000 to be hosted by UFZ
-
Halle (Germany).





29

Appendix 2:

EuroSOMNET joint

publication (English Abstract)


Network of Soil Organic Matter in NIS:


construction, maintenance, future perspectives


Prof. N. Milashenko, Dr. L. Shevtsova, Dr. V. Romanenkov
-

VIUA
-
Moscow, Russia

Dr. Pete Smith
-

IACR
-
Rothamsted, UK

Prof. M. Korschens,

Dr. U. Franko
-

UFZ
-
Lauchstadt, Germany


One of the main

objectives of EuroSOMNET
project is

to establish a network of
European SOM modellers and long
-
term data holders.

IACR
-
Rothamsted
co
-
ordinate
the overall project a
s well as

the network of EU and wes
tern European countries
,
UFZ
-
Lauchstadt
co
-
ordinate the network in C
entral
E
urope,
VIUA
-
Moscow is the
regional EuroSOMNET
network
co
-
ordinator for NIS countries. The objectives for
VIUA
in the first year of work included
identif
ication

of
new experiments (
and
models) in NIS countries
, c
ollect
ing

metadata describing these experiments and
models
,
collect
ing

one actual dataset in standard format
.

At the beginning of joint work with IACR
-
Rothamsted and UFZ
-
Lauchstadt

it
was decided to collect metadata using sta
ndard GCTE
-
SOMNET questionnaires
. This
format includes information about nature of experiment (soil description, site specific
information, land
-
use and treatments), type of crop and soil measurements, frequency
of sampling, information about archive samp
les, experimental design and key
references.

I
n addition to the information requested in the SOMNET questionnaire, a
detailed description of all analytical methods (total C, total N
e
tc.)
is

requested as
well
as

a diagram of the experimental plots showin
g layout and treatments. Metadata from
all experiments and models will be included in the database and will be available for
free access

in WWW
.
Metadata also includes contact information about duty persons
which we hope

promote coordination
with all inter
ested research groups.


The new standard
data
format was prepared by Dr Uwe Franko (UFZ
-

L
auchstadt).
The objective of this database development is

collect
ing

data about
experiments, experimental sites and essential results
,

mak
ing

data accessible for
diff
erent user groups (
www
, collaborators, public)
,
stor
age

data for future purposes
.

The database
consists of several files with site specific information about
meteorology, yield crop characteristics, tillage specifics, fertilization (types, rates and
dates
of application), SOM parameters dynamics and information data file. It also
allow to characterize management treatments under study.
The database
includes
various 'small' tables where the records are connected by an index attribute. In the
further developm
ent an user interface will be added to the database.
All
data
in central
database will be available for EuroSOMNET particpants and if
deemed confidential
by the dataholder

(
e.g. so far unpublished results) will be password protected so that it
is only avai
lable with the express permission of the dataholder
.

At present VIUA has collected the following metadata from NIS countries:

Belarus republic
-

2 experiments (duration more than 20 years);Ukraine
-

12
experiments (duration 20
-
100 years);

Georgia
-

7 expe
riments from 1 site (duration
28
-
64 years);

Moldova
-

4
e
xperiments.

One dataset was completely organised into standard format input files. The
information source was archived materials from Dolgoprudnaya Agrochemical




30

Experimental Station long
-
term exper
iment «Pryanishnikov experiment with bare
fallow» for all period of experiment
-

since 1931 up to present (Director: Dr.
Yu.Kasitsky, duty persons:
Dr. V.Ignatov,
Dr. A.Khlystovsky,

Dr.
M.Pavlova).

After first year of work it is planned to concentrate main
ly on analysis of
electronic databases of field experiments with necessary advisory work in VIUA and
on the spot and active preparation of necessary materials on the sites where hardware
opportunities allowed to implement such activity. This work helps in

active
involvement of
NIS participants
in project implementation
. Project facilitate exchange
of information from field experiments of different countries thus increase significance
of unique information of long
-
term experimentation.






31

Appendix 3:
EuroSOM
NET publicity brochure





















[attach here]




32

Appendix 4: Principles of dataset exchange
(between EuroSOMNET participants
and other possible users)


The data in the EuroSOMNET
-
database are the property of the copyright holders.
They are responsi
ble for the information content. The database will be maintained by
the UFZ. This includes the responsibility for the data security .


The copyright holder's details of each dataset stored in the SOMNET database is
shown in the Experiments table, as well
as in the metadata information on
http://yacorba.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cgi
-
bin/somnet
-
expts

.


The database contains two types of information:


Metadata
: General information, experimental desig
n & layout and a summary of the
data collected. The summary includes environmental details, soil characteristics,
land use, treatments applied to the experiment and measurements made during the
experiment.


Measured data

: Meteorological data, soil and c
rop measurement.




The access to the data can be:


PRIVATE (1):

Only the dataset holder has access to it.


SOMNET (2):

The data is freely available to all other EuroSOMNET dataset
holders.


PROTECTED (3):

The data is freely available to all other Eu
roSOMNET dataset
holders and to people who have permission from the dataset
holder. In this case it is necessary to provide the IP
-
address of
the computer from which the access should be possible.


PUBLIC (4):


The data is freely available to anyone wit
hout any restrictions.


The metadata from experiments that have not longer the ‘private’ state is available to
anyone without any restrictions.


Data will be included into the database in the following 3 steps:


1)

The raw data will be given by the dataset h
older to UFZ, the data will then be put
into the database by UFZ. At this stage the data will be private.


2)

The data will be returned in SOMNET structure to dataset holder. The data will be
checked by the dataset holder, corrections will be made to their d
ataset, at this
stage they will also decide on the level of access to the dataset (2: SOMNET, 3:
PROTECTED or 4: PUBLIC) and it will then be returned to UFZ.






33

3)

The data will then be made available according to the level of access required.





34






35

Appendix 5:
C
ollection Russian actual datasets in standard format at 01.10.1999


N

Institution, region

Russian experiments,
total

Submitted to the
co
-
ordinator

In the process of
preparation, needs
closer definition
with duty person

Collected as a printed
material

1

N
orth
-
West Agric. Inst., Leningrad
region

2


1

-

2

North
-
East Argic. Inst., Vyatka region

1

-

1

-

3

TSOS VIUA, Moscow Region

1

-


1

4

Novozubkov VIUA Branch,
Novozubkov

1

-

-

1

5

Smolensk Agric. Inst., Smolensk

1

-

1

-

6

All
-
Russian Inst. for Organic F
ert.,
Vladimir region

1

-


1

7

All
-
Russian Flax Institute, Torzhok

1

-

1

-

8

DAOS, Moscow Region

3

1

-

-

9

Inst. for Sugar and Sugar Beet,
Voronezh region

2

-

-

-

10

Soil Science Institute named after
Dokuchaev & Kursk region

1

-

-

-

11

South
-
East Ag
ric.Inst., Volga region

1

-

-

-

12

Samara Agric.Inst.

1

-

-

-

13

Don Agric.Inst., Rostov region

1

-

1

-

14

Krasnodar Agric. Inst., Krasnodar
Region

1


-

-

15

Bashkiria Agric. Inst.

1

-

-

-

16

Perm Agric. Inst., Perm Region

2

-

-

-

17

Chelyabinsk Agr
ic. Inst., Chelyabinsk

1

-

-

1

18

Solykamsk Experimental Station

1

-

-

-