UK Nanotechnologies Strategy - Small Technologies, Great Opportunities

Alex EvangΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

23 Ιαν 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

3.100 εμφανίσεις

Nanotechnologies may seem like something from science-fiction, but they are already a science-reality and are being used to revolutionise products we buy, the ways in which they are manufactured and our approaches to addressing global challenges. The UK is in an excellent position to be at the forefront of nanotechnologies development, and we must maintain momentum and keep pace with the biggest players on the international stage.

UK Nanotechnologies Strategy
Small Technologies, Great Opportunities
March 2010
   

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Executive Summary
Government announced its intention to
develop a UK Strategy for nanotechnologies in
its 2009 response to the Royal Commission on
Environmental Pollution’s report, Novel materials
in the Environment: The case of Nanotechnology.
This Strategy has been informed by the views
of those involved with nanotechnologies from a
wide range of interested parties across academia,
industry and non-Governmental organisations.
With the launch of the UK Nanotechnologies
Strategy, UK Nanotechnologies Strategy: Small
Technologies, Great Opportunities, Government
is conrming its commitment to the successful and
safe development of these technologies. We believe
that nanotechnologies have the potential to:
s Deliver improvements for consumers in the UK;
s Help to sustain continued recovery and growth
in the UK manufacturing industry;
s Contribute to our effort to tackle global
challenges.
Our vision:
The UK’s economy and consumers will benet
from the development of nanotechnologies
through Government’s support of innovation
and promotion of the use of these emerging
andenablingtechnologiesinasafe,responsible
and sustainable way reecting the needs of
the public, industry and academia.
In order to achieve this goal, Government has
identied a number of actions, which are outlined
in this document under four categories:
s Business, Industry and Innovation
s Environmental, Health and Safety (EHS) Research
s Regulation
s The Wider World
Each section has its own strategic aim. These aims
are interdependent and together they help to
deliver our vision.
Business, Industry and Innovation
Aim:
Transparent, integrated, responsible and skilled
nanotechnologies industry with good links to,
and support from Government.
Summary of Actions:
s A Nanotechnologies Leadership Group will be
established to provide strategic leadership for
the nanotechnologies industry and to work to
address the barriers to growth which affect
businesses in this area. The Group will be
chaired by a BIS Minister.
s Companies and academics will be encouraged
to apply for funding through Grand Challenge
calls from the Technology Strategy Board (TSB)
and Research Councils to support the
development of innovative applications for
nanotechnologies.
s Awareness of the UK nanotechnologies capability
will be promoted nationally and internationally
and provision made for improvements in the
underpinning skills capacity required.
Environmental, Health and Safety
Research
Aim:
Better understanding of the risks associated with
the use of, and exposure to, nanomaterials, and
enough people with the right skills to assess them.
4
   

 
 
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Figure 1
Well-informed public
and stakeholders and
a leading position on
nanotechnologies for the
UK on the world stage
Better informed policies
and regulations relating
to nanomaterials and
nanotechnologies
The Wider
World
Regulation
OUTCOMES
ACTIONS
THE STRATEGIC AIM
The UK’s economy and
consumers will benet
from the development of
nanotechnologies through
Government’s support of
innovation and promotion of
the use of these emerging and
enabling technologies in a safe,
responsible and sustainable
way reecting the needs of the
public, industry and academia.
Better understanding of
the risks associated with
the use of and exposure to
nanomaterials and enough
people with the right skills
to assess them
Transparent, integrated,
responsible and skilled
nanotechnologies industry
and businesses with good
links to, and support from
Government
Environmental
Health and
Safety Research
Business,
Industry and
Innovation
10
   


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14
29. Twenty-four Micro and Nanotechnology (MNT)
facilities were set up by Government between
2003-07 and form a major part of the UK’s micro
and nano technologies infrastructure. These were
established primarily by open competition and
are geared to support and enhance collaborative
research programmes, technology transfer initiatives
and capital projects. The centres are open access
facilities and are supported by combined TSB,
Regional Development Agencies (RDAs), Devolved
Administration and industrial funding.
30. With a signicant research portfolio in
nanoscience, Research Councils are supporting
the UK’s ability to harness the interdisciplinary
nature of nanotechnologies. This includes investment
to help address commercialisation challenges
such as:
s The scale-up of small, laboratory-based
methods to technology that is viable on a
commercial scale;
s Investigation of manufacture feasibility using
demonstrator models and the deployment of
new technology in real-life situations.
A recent RCUK initiative has been the programme
of Grand Challenge investments in energy,
healthcare and the environment, made as part
of the cross council programme, Nanoscience
through Engineering to Application
20
. These projects
have been scoped with input from business,
academia and the public and by March 2010,
£28m will have been invested to assist the
development of solutions in the challenge areas.
The second stage of the Grand Challenges will
have joint funding from the Research Councils
and the TSB, and plans are outlined in Action 2.6.
To date, Grand Challenge funds have supported
projects to develop:
s Cheaper
and more efcient approaches to
energy generation through solar technology;
s Novel methods for diagnosing disease and
improved approaches to drug delivery;
s Technologies to reduce the UK’s carbon
emissions by capturing and converting carbon
dioxide into valuable products such as energy
and chemicals.
Action 2.1
Research Councils will partner with business,
KTNs and the TSB to maximise the pull-through
of promising nanotechnologies research outputs
to commercialisation. To achieve this, funding
will be provided to ensure that the best
performing grand challenge projects can deliver
further improvement over what is currently
state-of-the-art. Close collaboration with business
and other government departments will be critical
to ensuring that this initiative is a success and will
deliver real benets to the UK.
Knowledge Transfer Activities
31. The Nanotechnology KTN and other KTNs
such as Materials, Chemistry Innovation and
Sensors & Instrumentation facilitate the transfer
of knowledge and experience amongst industry
and research institutions. They are able to offer
companies dealing with nanotechnologies access
to information on new processes, patents and
funding as well as helping them to keep up to date
with regulatory requirements. Services provided
by KTNs include; networking events, a directory
of micro and nanotechnologies providers, online
communications, project partnering services, and
technology brokerage.
Standards
32. A standard is an agreed, repeatable way of
doing something, for example, making a credit
card so that it can be used all over the world or
20 http://www.rcuknano.org.uk/
   


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