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IDS Technology in Society


390 Answer Bank

Some of the worksheets will have “open ended” question that you will need to write in your personal
experience. So when you find one of these answer banks that do not have enough answers you need to
write in
one or more of your own answers instead of picking one from these lists.


Chapter 1

A.

Biotechnology

B.

Technology

C.


Rece
nt developments in techonology.

D.

Dilemmas and controversies surroundi
ng technological advancements.

E.

Technically speaking we

are pushing towards a paperless society. We perform many activities online



or electronically, however, we still use printers to read e
-
mails and to have a physical hard copy for



our records.

F.


Cognitec’s FaceVACS
®

G.

Diverse sociologic
al viewpoints regarding the effective utilization and management of technology and


project stability of our t
raditional social institutions.

H.

Technophobia

I.


At some point throughout history al
l those were new technologies.

J.


Privacy

K.


Acad
emic records

L.


Science


Chapter 2

A.
Escherichia coli (E.coli)

B.
A protein that fights viral dis
eases and some forms of cancer.

C.
Monoclonal A
ntibody.

D.
Re
combinant Deoxyribonucleic Acid

E. Flavr Savr Tomato

F.


Set of instructions for making an orgranism.

G.
40%
,
80
%
,
70
%

H.
Human insulin, HGH, Bovine growth hormone, and chymosin.

I.
Bioremediation.

J. Mapping human DNA.

K.


Late 1910s, to refer to the production of materials like acetone.

L.
To conta
in
genes outside their species.

M. Human insulin.

N.
Ninety
-
four.

O.
Three additional genes that increase
the synthesis of beta
-
carotene.

P.
The use of bacteria that eats away

at unwanted iron and minerals.

Q.
“An exact genetic copy. It is an individu
al grown from a single somatic cell of its parent. Colnes are


genetica
lly identical to their parent.”

R.


“The manipulation of biological organisms to make pro
ducts benefiting human beings.”

S.
Treatment of disease by changing someone’s DNA.

T.

Diagnosis and treatment of dise
ase. Purification of proteins.

U.
Transplanting animal cells, tissues, and organs into a human being.

V.
To have D
olly produce drugs in her milk.

W.
Mostly opposed to GM foods.

X.
Pigs

Y.
Genetically altered livestock
that produces drugs.


Chapter 3

A.

E
-
mail allows message to be sent nearly instantaneously and with a measure of privacy that is not


always available with other modes of communication and unlike a telephone conversation


conducted orally an e
-
mail recipient can respond at their own pace and an e
-
mail can be saved and


reviewed later

B.

a program designed to alter the way a computer operates and functions without the knowledge of


the user

C.
the use of wireless voice and data tec
hnologies between a car and somewhere else.

D.

developed by the US Defense Department's (DOD) Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) in the


1970s dedicated to defense projects

E.

E
-
finance

F.

a private corporate network

G.

lack

of social interaction with my peers and that there's less separation between “work” and “home


duties”


my family would tend to interrupt my workday, the lack of supervision that employers will


have of regulating the way their employees are
using their time

H.

A
VPN

is a lower cost alternative to a WAN which utilizes ISPs for service rather than using dial
-
up

I.

databases of individuals who shouldn't be given credit, auto insurance, etc... due to legal problems in


their past

J.

Trojan Horse

K.

it is a nonprofit consortium of U.S. universities, industries, and government agencies that are
developing new ways of using the Internet.

L.

when a company allows customers and other users to have limited access to its intranet

M.

A s
ystem used in desktop systems that are connected to a network that utilize digital video


transmission

N.

Marketing, prototyping, and training, design vehicles, train firefighters, pilots, licensed drivers, police


officers, outline vehicles,

and even in areas of academia such as teaching about the human anatomy

O.

using telecommunications technology to transport work to employees who therefore avoid the daily


commute to a distant job site

P.

Speed

Q.

a large network that allows the

exchange of massive data that was originally sponsored by the US


Department of Defense

R.

computer mediated communication

S.

Cookies

are files placed on a user's computer when they visit a particular website that keep track of


personal

information such as logins or passwords. A
web bug

is a software program on a website that


record the actions users t
ake when they are on a website.

T.

visual communication using computer technology including: Software, video cameras, microphones,



and tv monitors for interactive group communication

U.

hardware and software that is put between a private intranet and the Internet to police informat
ion


coming and going through it

V.

sale

or purchase of goods and services using the Internet

W.

LAN refers to local area network and refers to a network of computers that allows them to


communicate and exchange data in a specific geographic area while WAN refers to wireless


n
etwork that allows the same interactions to take place over a large geographic area

X.

a program that moves from computer to computer automatically, replicating itself as it goes.

Y.

intelligent software agents



Chapter 4

A. Sixteen

B.
Voyager 1

C.
T
o separate the light from the telescope.

D. 22,300 miles

E.


Sputnik 1

F.
2010

G. Landsat

H.
Allowed the cockpit to have four display
s with new flat panel displays.

I.
Six hundered thousdand light years, 2 billion light years, 14 billion light years

J. U
sed to balance spacecrafts and can be adjusted by technical and digital technology

K.
Rocket bodies, nose cones, an
d other parts from spacecrafts.

L. B
egins to lose muscle tone and grows weak, the heart slows down considerable, blood vessels do not



function as proficiently, bones are weaken, and back and leg muscles began to atrophy because of


calcium deficiency

M.
Mariner 4

N.
US, early 1970s, late 1970s

O. Telstar I

P.
How living organisms adapt to conditions of weightlessness
and then readapt to life on Earth.

Q.
2003

R.
To know
where troops were at all times.

S. Sojourner

T. T
o explore Jupiter

U. T
he technique used by NASA to slow down a spacecraft in the atmosphere of a planet

V.
Nausea accompanied by vomiting

W.
Condu
ct earth studies, Accelerate unmanned missions, resumed manned missions to the moon,


conduct manned mission to Mars.

X.
Echo I

Y.
Mir


Chapter 5

A.
Replacing the

human heart, pancreas, kidneys, limbs, blood vessels, and hip joints.


B.
Mid 194
0s
-
and Mid 1960s

C.
Employing endoscopic device
s, laser beams, or shock waves, robotics

D.
Health Maitenance Organizations (HMO’S)

E.
Urology, Pulmonary medicine, and gastroenterology


F.
Heart
-
Lung machines
,
Artificial joint replacements
, Artificial
heart valves, Brain p
acemakers
,
Robotic


surgical as
sistants,
Cardiac pacemakers

G.
It fragments

kidney stones inside the body.

H
.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

I.
Prefer
red Provider Organization (PPO)

J.
Embryo transfer is another reproduction
-
ass
isting technology that has become available to couples


who are unable to conceive a child on their own. This technology may be employed for women who



cannot produce eggs, but can carry a fetus to term. The couple pays a fee to a fertile woman

who


agrees to be inseminated with the man’s sperm. It is critical for this egg donor to be matched with the


woman, in terms of their ovulation cycles.

K.
Procedure using sound waves directed into the abdomen of the pregnant woman. “Pulse Echo



sonography gives the image.


L.
Diagnosis
-
Related Group

M. Fiber
-
optic technology enabling the doctor to study the fetus inside the uterus.

N. Ancient Egypt

O. It is one of three standard medical inventions for coronary artery disease; can sometimes replace


coronary bypass surgery to open clogged arteries.

P.
T
est for high cholesterol levels,
Home
-
pregnancy test

Q.
Comp
uterized Axial Tomography (CAT),
Use of endoscopic Instruments
,
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance


(NMR)


R.
A formal written declaration by a competent adult stating a wish or expectation that if he or she


becomes mentally or physically ill that th
ere is no prospect of recovery, and procedures designated to


pr
olong life should be withheld.

S.
1)

When an infertile woman and man enter into a contractual agreement with another woman.


The surrogate agrees to artificially inseminated with

the father sperm. After carrying the resulting


fetus to term, the surrogate mother is expected to return the child to the original couple. In this case


the baby has the genetic characteristics of the father and the surrogate mother.


2)

Another variation of surrogate motherhood arises when the female partner is not infertile, but


incapable of carrying a fetus to term. In this case, an egg from the woman is fertilized with a man


sperm in vitro, and the resulting embryo is i
mplanted in the surrogate mother uterus.

T. The natural death act in California in the mid 1970s.

U.
fee
-
for
-
service

V.
A long, thin needle attached to a syringe is inserted through the lower wall of the pregnant woman’s


abdomen. The amniotic fl
uid, which contains some live body cells shed by the fetus, is withdrawn.

W.
A young couple has eggs fertilized and cooled to
-
321 degrees Fahrenheit, by doing this they are


preserving the fertilized eggs to be used at another time.

X.
daVinci

Y.

New Science in the field of medicine combining knowledge of a person’s genome with what is being


done in the pharmaceutical industry, the notion that one drug is fits all people is being supplemented


by theories suggesting we can manufacture d
rugs more accurately suited to a person’s genetic


makeup.


Chapter 6

A. QFD

B.

cellular manufacturing

C.

Lean manufacturers see themselves in partnerships with their suppliers, and they generally cultivate


long
-
term

relationships with suppliers to ensure quality. Agile manufacturers focus on the customer


an
d meeting the customer’s needs.

D.

a dominant application software structure being used by manufacturing managers

E.

most widely accepted automatic ide
ntification technology used to control and

drive complex


conveyor systems

F.

It indicates that a company meets international quality standards.

G.

Japan

H.

GT

I.

Joseph Engleberger

J.

SPC

K.

total quality management

L.

used for planning

future purchase orders and manufacturing lots according to what is required to


complete a maste
r production schedule

M.

1) laser modeling systems, 2) solid ground curing, 3) fused deposition modeling, 4) fast casting, 5)


laminated object manu
facturing

N
.
CE contrasts with the traditional linear approach, in which marketing experts conceptualize the


product, design engineers design the prototype, and the manufacturing and purchasing departments


make all the decisions regarding th
e producti
on process and parts suppliers.

O.

FMS

P.
CIM

Q.

CIM

R.
CAM

S.


product simplification

T.


a manufacturing philosophy attempting to eliminate waste throughout the system, including


inventory

at both ends of production and all machinery and man
-
power not adding value directly to


the product

U.

UPC

V.

Lower energy bills, Reduction in the duplication of data entry
,
Fewer discrepancies in the data


collected
,
Less scrap and
rework problems

W.


used in place of job orders and routing sheets

and emphasizes small lot sizes

X.


CAD

Y.

Companies today, in their quests to be lean and agile, are specializing as never before. As


specialization increases there is more depen
dence on external supplies or the outsourcing of an


increased percent of manufactured components. Since other companies are now supplying critical


components, a manufacturer becomes dependent on these external suppliers for the overall qualit
y


of the product. Part of supply chain management includes the certification of suppliers who then are


considered part of the product team.


Chapter 7

A.

The acquisition of technology by certain nations and then other nations that lag behind

technically

B.

Aerospace, computers, office machinery, electronics
-
communications, pharmaceuticals

C.

A formal channel for the transfer of technology tied to a legal agreement between parties. The


purchaser of the license normally pays royaltie
s to the party or parties who have ownership of the


technology in demand

D.

A foreign owned and operated assembly plant, most often along the U.S.
-

Mexico border, that


imports components into Mexico, assembles them into products ra
nging from TV’s to auto parts, and


re
-
exports finished products

E.

GNP

F.


Its political position during the Cold War was to remain independent.

G.

First the Soviet Union and then in the 1960’s China relied more on Japan and Western Europe

H.

This

refers to when a nation has no interest or does not accept an imported technology

I.


When the recipient nation is slow in replicating and developing their own counterpart of a technology


they received

J.

1. What is being transferred


2. Who is technology donor,


3. Who is technology recipient


4. Type of technology transfer channel.

K.


The US felt that selling technology to communist countries was actually in opposition to keeping the


USA the leader not just of tech
nology but, even of the free world since it would be akin to


empowering the enemy

L.

energy & defense supplies

M.

A trend especially apparent in university research laboratories in which there is a convergence


between basic and applied resear
ch, such that commercial opportunities emerge

N.

Involve extensive contact between government reps., tours of industrial plants, and the


establishment of domestic training and educational programs

O.

Appropriate technology refers to technology tha
t involves and meets the needs of the local


community that it will be used in without adversely affecting the local population

P.


transfer investments and in sales or licensing of technology

Q.
An astute capacity to carefully disassemble an impact
ed device, examine it, and eventually copy it

R.

Technology donor constructs a fully operation production plant for recipient nation. Easy to initiate


production process.

S.

It is primary channel for transfer of technology. You have oversea subsi
diaries to reduce distribution


costs; they can avoid high labor costs and import duties.

T.


Development of a technology product or process in one setting then is transferred for use in



another setting.




Chapter 8

A.
“Straw bales, rammed e
arth.”

B.

“An approach to agriculture promoting sustainability and linking ecology, socioeconomics, and culture
to the design of agricultural systems.”

C.

Technical, Cultural, a
nd economic

D.

“It
can lead to increase air pollution inside the structure.”

E.


Germany.

F.

“An initiative that emerged from the scientific field studying how people from a particular culture use
indigenous plants.”

G.

A
n intermediate level of technology development, as opposed to one

too sophisticated or complex


for the probl
em in question. A.T. is also an attitude regarding an overreliance on high technology. It


refers to technology that fits the cultural situation for which it is proposed without causin
g more


problem than it solves.

H.


“Development accommodatin
g the needs of a community without sacrificing the environment. It


aims to balance development and environmental protection by creating new developments that are


centered more in the towns and cities, include alternative transit options, and
have mixed use


development.”

I.

Portland, Oregon.

J.


Farm profitability, improvement of the environment, and increased quality of life for farmers and



their commun
ities.

K.

“Managing environmental issues through app
ropriate business strat
egies.”

L.

In the Mojave Desert, by SCE.

M.

“It
attempts to use ecologically sound, non
-
pesticide methods t
o reduce and manage pests. D
oes not


attempt to eliminate all pests; rather it manages them to keep pests at an acceptable level. Although



so
me farmers use pesticides with this
,
but
the goal is to use pesticides targeting a specific pest


instead of generic pesticides that commo
nly kill a range of fests. F
armers
using this method
also rely


on biological controls, such as
using other insects th
at feed on the unwanted pests.”

N.

“Sources of energy that are always available because, in reality, they cannot run out, and they can


be replenish.”

O.

“a building constructed in a way that minimizes wastes and includes recycl
ed, renewable, and reused


resources to the maximum extent possible. Construction of green buildings include: energy


efficiency, renewable resources, water conservation, and waste minimization.”

P.

“Wave power, ocean thermal energy conversion,
and tidal power.”

Q.
“An issue implying that all technologies are available to and used by all socioeconomic segments in a


society.”

R.
7

percent.

S.

“Energy supplied from the organic materials.”

T.

They
have the unique property of being able to turn sunlight directly into electric
current.

U.

“The movement of middle and upper class people living in the suburbs into town, where they


typically purchase or rent space in what are called
infill de
velopments
.”

V.

Philippines.

W.
Biomass, Hydropower, Geothermal, Wind, Ocean, PV Cells, and Thermal Solar Power.


Chapter 9

A.
It is a serious environmental problem in Canada, Scandinavia, Japan, and Northeastern United Stat
es.

B.

Superfund, and was enacted to provide cleanup at sites where hazardous wastes had been


abandoned or previous hazardous waste disposal procedures had already contaminated the


environment.

C.

the soil is thin in tropical forests and when the

trees are removed the soil can wash away.

D.

severe changes in global weather patterns, loss of cultural and biotic diversity, and desertification of


the forest lands.

E.

forests in humid, semiarid, and arid regions of the world. Forests ranging fro
m moist (or closed)


tropical forests to dry (or open) woodlands are generally included.

F.

CO2

G.


It is energy from the Sun heating the Earth’s surface. The surface then radiates the heat back in to


space, but some of the heat is trapped in
our atmosphere and warms the planet.

H.

It is the accidental or deliberate release of a contained substance into the natural ecosystem (air,


land, or water).

I.


“Pollutant Standards Index (PSI).”


J.

71 percent water with only 3 percent of it as fre
sh water.

K.

Eco
-
tourism

L.

as ice and snow at the two poles.

M.

Air Quality Index (AQI).

N.

A term used to describe an information
-
based perspective supporting the need for harmony between


industrial objectives and environmental goals.

O.

It is a serious environmental problem resulting from the presence of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides


in the atmosphere. When these compounds react with moisture they form dilute sulfuric and nitric


acids, which are then carried back to Earth
.

P.


EPA

Q.

it must include an environmental impact analysis.

R.
the open ocean outside territorial sea limits of a country, the extraterrestrial space surrounding Earth,


and the continent of Antarctica.

S.

carbon monoxide, radon, formaldehyde, asb
estos, and passive tobacco smoke.

T.

water removed from the soil by evaporation from leaf and plant surfaces.


Chapter 10

A.


Thiodiglycol
-
Plastics, Phosphorus Oxychloride
-
Insecticides, Sodium Cyanide
-
Dyes and pigments

B.


Operation Desert Storm &

Afghanistan

C.


Nuclear, biological, and chemical

D.


They contain thousands of bomblets called bomb live units

E.


Disruption of military information, as well as to the disruption of information in our homeland.

F.


A weapon using poisonous, asphyxiat
ing, or other gases affecting humans when they are either


inhales or absorbed through the skin

G.


Bacillus anthracis, Clostridium botulinum, Versinia pestis, Variola major, Francisella tularensis, Viral


hemorrhagic fevers

H.


Keep peace

I.



START II

J.


Border skirmishes, internal battles, police work, civil uprisings, and regional conflicts

K.


Strategy which weapons are aimed at the military forces of opponent at strategic or nuclear forces

L.


Hydrogen
-
Fluoride Chemical Laser, Space
-
ba
sed Free
-
Electron Laser, and the NPB


M.


Stealth Bomber, Military Strategic Tactical and Relay System (MILSTAR), Advanced Cruise Missile

N.


Ability and determination to use available technologies as tools of mass destruction

O.


Program to explore the
possibilities of strategic defense military

P.


Prevent the widespread acquisition of NBC weapons.

Q.


List of targets that U.S. long range nuclear forces would attack and assign weapons to target based


on

established damage, criteria, routing, and timing.

R.


A weapon using a living organism, usually a pathogenic microorganism, for hostile purposes.

Biological agents can be bacterial, fungal, viral, rickettsial, or protozoan.

S.


Posturing

T.


Nuclear

attack so powerful to leave one’s country with forces inadequate to inflict damage on the



Attacker
.

U.


Deployment of military power in order to get another nation to change its behavior to make it more


satisfactory to aggressor.

V.


Mut
ual Assured Destruction

W.


Defense Related Research

X.


Aim weapons at “softer” targets like urban population centers, industrial facilities and economic


enterprises

Y.


PAC
-



Chapter 1
1

A.


Reluctant acceptance

B.


Lack of readiness

C.


Bov
ine

Spongiform Encephalitis (BSE)

D.


Avoidance

E.


Attempts to and must ultimately answer the question How safe is safe enough? Experts use



historical accident and fata
lity records to reveal patterns of acceptable risk
-
benefit ratios. Generally,


an acceptable risk for a new technology equates to the level of safety associated with ongoing


activities providi
ng similar benefits to society

F.


Technology trap

G.


Accord

H.


Motor Vehicles

I.


An individual’s inability to think
clearly due to an excessive a
mount of cognitive stimulation

J.


This social behavior or attitude refers to the extent to which a social group is able to recognize and


take advantage of the patented benefits of a technological breakthrough and simulta
neously control


any of its
negative side effects or risks

K.


Knowledge, Awareness, Confidence and skill, Control, Insight

L.


Apathy

M.


will cure all of society’s illnesses.

N.


YES

O.


Education, training, modification, orientation, guidanc
e, indoctrination, and therapy

P.


Immediate acquiescence


Q.



The word change produces emotional reaction, since it is not a neutral word. To many people,


change is threatening. Without any sort of modifier the word change promises no respect fo
r


present cultural values. Change may even disrupt the val
ues.

R.


The degree to which you enjoy life and the
possibilities it holds for you


S.


It
is characterized by a concept labeled
universalism
. The world is an open system heavily reliant o
n


international
network of technology transfer

T.


The conscious expenditure off effort to make the time interval between wanting something and


g
etting it as short as possible


the ability to “have it all” in a fast pace, high
-
tech society

U.



Durational expectancies

V.


Busyness Syndrome

W.


Reactionist rejection


Chapter 12

A.


Industrial recreation services can cement employee loyalty to the company, reduce tensions, lower


absenteeism
, and promote employee camaraderie and morale. Many companies offer some type of


recreation activities as a component of their employee benefits package. Some of the industrial



activities are basketball, racquetball tennis, weight lifting equ
ipment, stationary

bicycles, fitness


classes etc

B.


Expert system

C.


Scientists believe religion skews objective reasoning, fuels repressive movements,
and stifles


freedom of thought

D.


Thermax

E.


Americans work more tha
n Western European
counterparts

F.



It’s imp
ortant
because technology, job market, political environment, etc are c
hanging and


constantly evolving

G.


Computers, high
-
speed vid
eo cameras, and heart monitors

H.


Schools exist to educate and socialize the residents of
a community
, state, nation, or continent

I.


More complicated.

J.


Religious leaders are convinced science pursued from an agnostic or atheistic base will continue to


feed the ever
-
growing materialism in society and contribute to
the violence of the

modern age

K.


Family, co
lleges, churches, health clubs

L.


Family is two or more people living together who are related by blood, marriage, or adoption.


Household is one or more people who occupy a house, apartment, or other residential u
nit that i
s not


group quarters

M.


Food processors; “since all of the individual components must be cleaned separately, its laborsaving


profile is best observed when large quantities o
f ingredients must be prepared

N.


Artificial procreation including
sperm banks, embryo banks, postmortem insemina
tion, and surrogate


motherhood

O.


Some companies have taken to imbedding advertisements directly in network programs to


counte
ract these consumer tendencies

P.


It
is the gathering of children a
nd parents to eat an evening family meal and is one of the primary


ways in which growing children learn about conventional behaviors they need to be in touch with as


adults.” As a growing child I have had many unforgettable family diners, how
ever in recent years


family diners have been reduced to almost none because of t
he busy life that we all live.

Q.


25 percent.

R.


Zapping and Zipping


Chapter 13

A.


a)
Laboratory animals are commonly exposed to high concentrations of chemicals to ensure that if


there are any toxic effects, they will be evident at st
atistically significant levels.


b)
The initial use of high doses of toxic substances may a
ctually interrupt the recipient’s internal


metabolic reactions toward the initiatio
n of carcinogenesis.


c)
Animals and humans met
abolize substances differently.

B.


It i
s a small
-
group brainstorming session in which the participants exa
mine the consequences of a


particular social

trend or a technological event.


C.


Delphi study.

D.


Integrity, Honesty, Candor, Civic
-
mindedness.

E.


To make projections about the future state specific technologies, so we can assess and plan for the
ir


impacts on society.

F.


(1)

Risk assessors must be able to determine how potential threats are released into and move


through the ever changing environment.


(2)

They have to figure out how much of the substance people might e
at, breathe, or swallow and



then estimate how much of it they could ultimately absorb.


(3)

Phase three entails a determination of how much of a hazard the absorbed substance poses


(whether it will cause symptoms such as a
cute nause
a or chronic loss of hearing).”

G.


A method of studying the risk of a new technology, material, or device so they may be better


avoided, reduced, or otherwise managed.

H.


Reviewers keep track of events as they occur, in order to make an accurate projection of major


trends
one to two years down the road.

I.


Development.

J.


It

involves technologies allowing us to be identified by specific biological traits. It’s use
d for face


recognition, iris recognition, fingerprint recognition, voice recognition, and dynamic signature


recognition.

K.


Also called
knowledge discovery in databases

(KDD), is based on elaborate pattern recognition


algorithms
. Exciting applications are projected in many fields, including automobile maintenance,


astronomy, geology, medicine, quality assurance, and military intelligence.

L.


Rules of thumb based on a compilation of personal experiences over time. They are
used to help


guide problem solving exercises. In the field of artificial intelligence, they are built into computer


programs to enable machines to make educated guesses. Unlike algorithms (mathematical


computation), they do not guarantee
a solution.