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30 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Greek Roots

1.

Anthrop: man

Derivatives: Anthropocentric, anthropogenesis, anthropogeography, anthropoid,
anthropology anthropometry, misanthropy, philanthropy.


The man
-
like apes are called anthropoids.


The study of man is anthropology.


Greek Roots

2.

Astr
: star

Derivatives: A
ster, asterisk, asteroid, astra
, astrobiology, astrodome, astrogate,
astrolabe, astrology,
astrometry, astronaut, astronomy, astrophysics, disaster.


Asteroids are tiny plants that look like stars.


The word disaster hints that the st
ars were contrary.


Greek Roots

3.

Auto: self

Derivatives: Autobiography, autocrat, autogenesis, autograph, autohypothesis,
autoinfection, automat, automation, automaton, automobile, autopsy.


An autobiography is written by one’s self.


Auto suggestion is
given by one’s self.


Greek Roots

4.

Bibli: book

Derivatives: Bible, Biblicist, bibliofilm, bibliography, bibliolatry, bibliomania,
bibliophile, bibliopole, bibliot.


A list of book sources is called a bibliography.


A library or book collection is sometimes
called a bibliotheca.




Greek Roots

5.

Bio: life

Derivatives: Biochemist, biodynamics, biogenesis, biography, biology, biolysis,
biometrics, biophysics, biopsy.


Biology deals with plant and animal life.


The written account for a life is a biography.


Greek

Roots


6.

Chrom: color

Derivatives: Chromatic, chromatology, chrome, chromium, chromosome,
chromospheres, panchromatic, polychrome.


A many
-
colored print is polychromatic.


A lens with a chromatic distorts color.

Greek Roots


7.

Chron: time

Derivatives:
Chronic, chronicle, chronograph, chronological, chronology,
chronometer, chronometry, chronoscope, synchronize.


Chronological order is time order.


A motion picture film and its sound effects should be timed together, or
synchronized.


Greek Roots

8.

Crypt:
secret

Derivatives: crypt, cryptic, cryptogram, cryptographer, cryptography, cryptology,
cryptonym.


A cryptic remark has a secret meaning. A secret name is a cryptonym.


A secret, coded message is a cryptogram, and the fellow who decodes it is a
cryptogra
pher.

Greek Roots

9.

Cycl: circle: wheel

Derivatives: cycle, cyclograph, cycloid, cyclometer, cyclone, cyclorama, cyclotron,
encyclical, encyclopedia.


An encyclopedia gives instruction in the circle of arts and sciences.


A circular room with large pictures

is a cyclorama.


Greek Roots

10.

Dec: Ten

Derivatives: decade, decagon, deciliter, Decalogue, decameron, decameter,
decasyllable, decathlon, decennial, decimal, decimate.


A decathlon consists of ten athletic events.


A decennial celebrates ten years.


Greek
Roots

11.

Dem: people

Derivatives: demagogue, demiurge, democracy, democrat, demography, endemic,
epidemic, pandemic.


Government by the people is called a democracy.


One who uses false claims and emotional appeals to stir up the common people is a
demagogue.



Greek Roots

12.

Derm: skin

Derivatives: Dermatitis, dermatoid, dermatologist, dermatophyte, epidermis,
hypodermic, pachyderm.


Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin.


A skin infection should be treated by a dermatologist.




Greek Roots

13.

Dyn: power

Derivatives: dynamic, dynamism, dynamite, dynamo, dynamometer, dynasty, dyne,
electrodynamics, hydrodynamics, thermodynamics.


A dyne is a unit of force or power.


Mechanical power can be measured by a dynamometer.


Greek Roots

14.

Gram, graph: write

Derivati
ves: autograph, biography, calligraphy, cryptogram, diagram, epigram,
geography, graffiti, gramophone, grammar, graphic, graphite, graphology,
holography, lithograph, mimeograph, photograph, seismograph, telegram,
typography.


A mimeograph makes duplicates

of writing.


Graphite is used in encils for writing.


Greek Roots

15.

Hetero: other

Derivatives: heterodox, heterodyne, heterogeneous, heterograft, heteromorphic,
heteronym, heteroplasty, heterosexual.


Hetero means other. Members of heterogeneous group are o
f various types.


A heterosexual person is attracted to the other sex.


Greek Roots

16.

Homo: same

Derivatives: homeopathy, homochromatic, homogamy, homogenous, homogenize
homonyms.



Those in a group that are all the same, such as all 17 year old boys, create a
homogenous group.


Words that have the same sound, such as “to”, “too” and “two” are called homonyms.



Greek Roots

17.

Hydr: water

Derivatives: hydraulics, hydrocarbon, hydrogen,
hydrography, hydrokinetics,
hydrometer, hydropathy, hydrophobia,
hydroponics, hydrotherapy.


Hydraulics deals with the mechanical properties of water and other liquids.


Hydropathy and hydrotherapy involve treatment of disease by use of water.


Greek Root
s

18.

Log: word, study

Derivatives: apology, biology, Decalogue, dialogue, doxology, embryology, eulogy,
geology, hydrology, logic, mineralogy, monologue, philology, prologue, tautology,
theology.


Biology is the study of plant and animal life.


Mineralogy is

the study of minerals.


Greek Roots

19.

Metr, meter: measure

Derivatives: ammeter, barometer, centimeter, chronometer, geometry, hexameter,
hydrometer, metrology, metronome, micrometer, seismometer, speedometer,
thermometer, trigonometry.


A barometer is use
d to measure air pressure.


A chronometer is used to measure time.











Greek Roots

20.

Morph: form

Derivatives: amorphous, anthropomorphic, isomorph, metamorphosis, Morpheus,
morphine, morphology.


Ovid’s Metamorphoses tells how the gods caused people t
o change their forms.


In linguistics the study of the internal structure and form

of words is called
morphology.




Greek Roots

21.

Neur: nerve

Derivatives: Neural, neuralgia, neurocirculatory, neurogenic, neurologist,
neuromotor
, neuromuscular, neuron, neurosis, neurotic.


A neurotic suffers from nervous disorder.


Neuritis is a painful inflammation of the nerves.


Greek Roots

22.

Orth: right, true

Derivatives: orthochromatic, orthodontics, orthodox, orthogenesis, orthography,
ortho
pedics, orthoscope


The orthodox religion is the established “true” faith.


The right or correct skeletal deformities is the job of the orthopedist.



Greek Roots

23.

Paleo: ancient

Derivatives: paleobotany, Paleocene, paleography, Paleolithic, paleontology,
P
aleozoic, paleozoology.


The Paleozoic, Paleocene, and Paleolithic periods belong to ancient eras.


The study of ancient forms of plant and animal life is called paleontology.


Greek Roots

24.

Pan: all

Derivatives: Panacea, Pan
-
American, Pan
-
Asiatic,
panchromatic, pancreas,
pandemic, pandemonium, panegyric, Panhellenic, panorama, pantheism, pantheon,
pantomime.


Panchromatic film is sensitive to all colors.


A panacea is a supposed cure for all disease or trouble.






Greek Roots

25.

Path: disease, feelin
g.

Derivatives: antipathy, apathy, empathy, neuropathy, osteopathy, pathetic,
pathologist, pathos, psychopath, sympathy, telepathy.


A feeling of pity is aroused by pathos or that which is pathetic.


Your compassion for another person is sympathy, and your

complete projection of
yourself into feelings of another person is empathy.